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PhilosophesReligionSocietyPoliticsWomen Odds and Ends Hodge Podge Final JeopardyFinal Jeopardy Politics
_____ and _____ were the major intellectual forerunners of the Enlightenment. 100
Philosophes Isaac Newton and John Locke
In An Essay Concerning Human Understanding (1690), Locke argued that all humans enter the world a _____, or blank page 200
Tabula Rasa Philosophes
What book praised the virtues of the English and implicitly criticized the abuses of French society? 300
Letters on the English BONUSPhilosophes
Written by Voltaire,____, attacked war, religious persecution, and what he considered unwarranted optimism about the human condition
Name four of the most famous philosophes. 400
Voltaire, Montesquieu, Diderot, DAlembert, Rousseau, Hume, Gibbon, Smith, Lessing, Kant Philosophes
Philosophes criticized the Christian church for many things except: 500
Taking a small role in national politics Philosophes
Which religion regarded God as a kind of divine watchmaker who had created the mechanism of nature, set it in motion, and departed? 100
Many portrayed ___ as an exceptionally carnal or sexually promiscuous religion 200
David Hume radically spoke out against ____ in religion. 300
Gotthold Lessing wrote ____ which was a plea for toleration of not only Christianity, but also other religious faiths. 400
Nathan the Wise BONUS Religion
In ___ Spinoza so closely identified God and nature, or the spiritual and material worlds, that contemporaries condemned him.
500 Voltaire wrote _____ to hound authorities for a new investigation of a case where a Huguenot was sentenced to execution for the murder of his son
Treatise on Tolerance Religion
The Enlightenment flourished in a ____, that is, a culture in which books, journals, newspapers, and pamphlets had achieved a status of their own. 100
Print Culture Society
An expanding, literate public and the growing influence of secular printed materials created a new and increasingly influential force known as_________. 200
Public Opinion Society
300 ______ originated with philosophes hoping to end human cruelty by discovering social laws and making people aware of them.
Social Science Society
400 Beccaria published _____, in which he applied critical analysis to the problem of making punishments both effective and just.
On Crimes and Punishments Society
What was one of the greatest monuments of the enlightenment and its most monumental undertaking in the realm of print culture? 500
Encyclopedia BONUS Society
Denis Diderot in the Encyclopedia included illustrations of what?
Machinery and working people from across the globe Society
Adam Smith is considered the founder of ?. 100
Aristocratic courts were known as: 200
300 In ____, Montesquieu pursued an empirical method, taking illustrative examples from the political experience of both ancient and modern nations.
Spirit of Laws Politics
400 Within The Wealth of Nations, Smith, like other Scottish thinkers of the day, embraced an important theory of human social and economic development known as:
The four stage theory BONUS Politics
_____ does not propose specific reforms, but outlines the kind of political structure that Rousseau believed would overcome the evils of contemporary politics and society.
The Social Contract Politics
500 Rousseau suggested that society is _____ than its individual members.
More important Politics
100 Marry Wollstonecraft wrote ______ in 1792.
A Vindication of the Rights of Women Women
200 In a Vindication of the Rights of Women Wollstonecraft ______ the argument for distinct and separate spheres for men and women.
Criticizes and rejects Women
300 Most philosophes were not strong _____.
400 Which Philosophe indicated a belief in the equality of men and women?
Montesquieu BONUS Women
The Encyclopedia suggested ways to improve womens lives but did not advocate:
Reform for the condition of women. women
500 Who helped Voltaire publish Elements of the Philosophy of Newton?
Voltaires mistress Countess Emilie de Chatelet women
100 What two styles of art dominated 18 th century European art and architecture?
Rococo and Neoclassical Hodge Podge
200 Neoclassicism recalled ancient republican values that implicitly criticized _______.
The Old Regime Hodge Podge
300 Rococo architecture and decoration originated in early 18 th century ____.
France Hodge Podge
400 The paintings associated with Rococo art often portrayed the aristocracy _____.
At play Hodge Podge
500 Name 4 rulers who embodied Enlightened Absolutism.
BONUS Hodge Podge Frederick the Great, Maria Theresa, Joseph II, Catherine the Great
The French aristocrats built ___ in Paris after the death of King Louis XIVs death in 1715.
Hotels Hodge Podge
What is the form of monarchial government in which the central absolutist administration was strengthened and rationalized at the cost of other smaller centers of political power?
Enlightened Absolutism Final Jeopardy
The greatest German philosophe of the Enlightenment. 100
Immanuel Kant Odds and Ends Odds and Ends
_____ in France argued against an uninvolved or impersonal God 200
Jansenism Odds and Ends Odds and Ends
______ played a major roll in the salon movement. 300
Women Odds and Ends Odds and Ends
Deism proclaimed that the universe was governed by _______, not by a personal God. 400
Natural law Odds and Ends Odds and Ends
The political outgrowth of the Enlightenment. 500
Classical Liberalism Odds and ends Odds and ends
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