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100 200 300 400 500 Philosophes Religion Society Politics WomenOdds and Ends Hodge Podge 100 200 300 400 500 Final Jeopardy Politics
_____ and _____ were the major intellectual forerunners of the Enlightenment.100
Isaac Newton and John LockePhilosophes
In An Essay Concerning Human Understanding (1690), Locke argued that all humans enter the world a _____, or blank page 200
Tabula Rasa Philosophes
What book praised the virtues of the English and implicitly criticized the abuses of French society?300
Letters on the English Philosophes BONUS
Written by Voltaire,____, attacked war, religious persecution, and what he considered unwarranted optimism about the human condition
Name four of the most famous philosophes.400
Voltaire, Montesquieu, Diderot, D’Alembert, Rousseau, Hume, Gibbon, Smith, Lessing, KantPhilosophes
Philosophes criticized the Christian church for many things except:500
Taking a small role in national politicsPhilosophes
Which religion regarded God as a kind of divine watchmaker who had created the mechanism of nature, set it in motion, and departed? 100
Many portrayed ___ as an exceptionally carnal or sexually promiscuous religion200
David Hume radically spoke out against ____ in religion.300
Gotthold Lessing wrote ____ which was a plea for toleration of not only Christianity, but also other religious faiths. 400
Nathan the Wise Religion BONUS
In ___ Spinoza so closely identified God and nature, or the spiritual and material worlds, that contemporaries condemned him.
Voltaire wrote _____ to hound authorities for a new investigation of a case where a Huguenot was sentenced to execution for the murder of his son 500
Treatise on Tolerance Religion
The Enlightenment flourished in a ____, that is, a culture in which books, journals, newspapers, and pamphlets had achieved a status of their own. 100
Print Culture Society
An expanding, literate public and the growing influence of secular printed materials created a new and increasingly influential force known as_________. 200
Public Opinion Society
______ originated with philosophes’ hoping to end human cruelty by discovering social laws and making people aware of them. 300
Social Science Society
Beccaria published _____, in which he applied critical analysis to the problem of making punishments both effective and just. 400
On Crimes and PunishmentsSociety
What was one of the greatest monuments of the enlightenment and its most monumental undertaking in the realm of print culture? 500
Encyclopedia Society BONUS
Denis Diderot in the Encyclopedia included illustrations of what?
Machinery and working people from across the globeSociety
Adam Smith is considered the founder of ?. 100
Aristocratic courts were known as:200
In ____, Montesquieu pursued an empirical method, taking illustrative examples from the political experience of both ancient and modern nations. 300
Spirit of Laws Politics
Within The Wealth of Nations, Smith, like other Scottish thinkers of the day, embraced an important theory of human social and economic development known as: 400
The four stage theory Politics BONUS
_____ does not propose specific reforms, but outlines the kind of political structure that Rousseau believed would overcome the evils of contemporary politics and society.
The Social Contract Politics
Rousseau suggested that society is _____ than its individual members.500
More important Politics
Marry Wollstonecraft wrote ______ in 1792.100
A Vindication of the Rights of Women
In a Vindication of the Rights of Women Wollstonecraft ______ the argument for distinct and separate spheres for men and women. 200
Criticizes and rejectsWomen
Most philosophes were not strong _____.300
Which Philosophe indicated a belief in the equality of men and women?400
Montesquieu Women BONUS
The Encyclopedia suggested ways to improve women’s lives but did not advocate:
Reform for the condition of women.
Who helped Voltaire publish Elements of the Philosophy of Newton?500
Voltaire’s mistress Countess Emilie de Chateletwomen
What two styles of art dominated 18th century European art and architecture?100
Rococo and NeoclassicalHodge Podge
Neoclassicism recalled ancient republican values that implicitly criticized _______.200
The Old Regime Hodge Podge
Rococo architecture and decoration originated in early 18th century ____.300
France Hodge Podge
The paintings associated with Rococo art often portrayed the aristocracy _____.400
At play Hodge Podge
Name 4 rulers who embodied Enlightened Absolutism.500
Frederick the Great, Maria Theresa, Joseph II, Catherine the GreatHodge Podge BONUS
The French aristocrats built ___ in Paris after the death of King Louis XIV’s death in 1715.
Hotels Hodge Podge
What is the form of monarchial government in which the central absolutist administration was strengthened and rationalized at the cost of other smaller centers of political power?
Enlightened AbsolutismFinal Jeopardy
The greatest German philosophe of the Enlightenment.100
Immanuel Kant Odds and Ends
_____ in France argued against an uninvolved or impersonal God200
Jansenism Odds and Ends
______ played a major roll in the salon movement.300
Women Odds and Ends
Deism proclaimed that the universe was governed by _______, not by a personal God.400
Natural law Odds and Ends
The political outgrowth of the Enlightenment.500
Classical Liberalism Odds and ends
The Philosophes of the Enlightenment
The Enlightenment. What Was the Enlightenment? The Enlightenment was an intellectual movement in Europe during the 18 th century that led to a whole new.
The Enlightenment Important terms Absolutism: A system of government in which a monarch is the only source of power Absolutism: A system of government.
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HH World Studies. Many educated people began to study the world around them in the 1600s and 1700s Great thinkers of the Enlightenment are known.
Ch 11 Enlightenment Ideas and Reforms. Two Views on Government 1) Hobbes- Conflict is a part of human nature War of everyone v. everyone without government.
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17.1 Enlightenment Bell Work- What is the purpose of government? Ch. 17 Pretest Ten Reading Notes 17.1 Daily Quiz Terms to Define #1 page 418.
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