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PSYOPand Counter PSYOP IW-110 College of Aerospace Doctrine, Research, and Education.

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Presentation on theme: "PSYOPand Counter PSYOP IW-110 College of Aerospace Doctrine, Research, and Education."— Presentation transcript:

1 PSYOPand Counter PSYOP IW-110 College of Aerospace Doctrine, Research, and Education

2 INFORMATION SUPERIORITY INFORMATION OPERATIONS AFDD 2-5 Successfully executed Information Operations achieve information superiority ISR Precision Nav & Position Other Info Collection/ Dissemination Activities PAO Weather INFORMATION-in-WARFARE exploitgain INFORMATION WARFARE DEFENSIVE COUNTERINFORMATION OFFENSIVE COUNTERINFORMATION Counter- Intelligence Information Assurance OPSEC Counter- Propaganda Counter- Deception Electronic Protect CNDPAO PSYOP Physical Attack Military Deception Electronic Warfare PAO CNA defend attack

3 Outline l Publications & Players l Definition l Categories & Types l Principles & Objectives l Organization l Environment l Counterpropaganda l Tools l Examples

4 Key Publications l 1990 PSYOP Master Plan l DoD Directive S l Joint Pub 3-53 l Air Force Doctrine Document l AFI l Army FM

5 The Players l HQ AIA/OL-HC (Hulburt Field) l HQ AIA Psychological Operations Division, AFIWC, 67th Information Operations Wing, and IW Flights l 193rd Special Operations Wing l HQ USSOCOM l HQ USASOC l 2nd Psychological Operations Group l 4th Psychological Operations Group l 7th Psychological Operations Group

6 …planned operations to convey selected information and indicators to foreign audiences to influence their emotions, motives, objective reasoning, and ultimately their behavior to favor friendly objectives. Psychological Operations (PSYOP) AFDD 2-5.3

7 PSYOP Categories l Strategic l Operational l Tactical l Consolidation

8 Strategic PSYOP l Global in scope l Promotes favorable U.S. image l Supports long-term goals l Maintains stability l Directed by National Command Authorities

9 Operational PSYOP l Targets regional audiences l Gains support l Weakens opposition l Creates concern l Counters enemy propaganda

10 Tactical PSYOP l Supports cover and concealment l Disrupts local operations l Provides surrender instructions l Limited to short term objectives

11 Consolidation PSYOP l Supports force protection in potentially hostile environments l Supports U.S. objectives l Maximizes operational freedom l Bolsters foreign internal defense operations

12 Types of PSYOP l Cohesive l Divisive

13 Cohesive PSYOP l Develops national unity l Promotes favorable government images l Provides public information l Improves civil-military relations l Counters hostile propaganda l Redirects interests l Unites audience against common foe

14 Divisive PSYOP l Exploits vulnerabilities & failures l Encourages dissension l Weakens opposition l Exploits intolerance & prejudice* l Encourages defection and inaction (apathy) l Emphasizes self-interest

15 Why use PSYOP? l Low cost/High impact l Untapped force multiplier in aerospace Information Operations l Leverages Technological advances l Creates favorable (psychosocial) conditions for (joint) air and IO campaigns l Provides full-dimensional IO l Conserves forces

16 PSYOP Principles l Requires defined, clear objectives; must be decomposed from theater objectives l Based on thorough analysis (Target / Product analysis worksheets) l Appropriate dissemination l Cultural UNDERSTANDING vs awareness l Analysis of results l Proactive vs reactive

17 What can PSYOP do? l Provides full-dimensional IO through psychological preparation of the battlespace l Can achieve objectives before introduction of forces l Key player in force protection and targeting l Broadens PSYOP beyond special operations l Facilitates force protection l Provides lethal and non-lethal PSYOP alternatives

18 How Does PSYOP Fit In? ARFORMARFORAFFORNAVFORJSOTF THEATER CINC JTF JPOTF

19 Joint PSYOP Task Force JPOTF EPW/CI 193d SOW NAVY FIW GRP DISSEM BN TACTICAL ELEMENTS AF PROD DEV

20 Recent Operations PROVIDE PROMISE JOINT ENDEAVOR UPHOLD DEMOCRACY PROVEN FORCE PROVIDE COMFORT SOUTHERN WATCH SAFE HAVEN JTF-SWA LASER STRIKE PACIFIC HAVEN GTMO ANDREW JUST CAUSE URGENT FURY DESERT STORM UNITED SHIELD PROMOTE LIBERTY RESTORE HOPE PROVIDE REFUGE PROMPT RETURNASSURED RESPONSE ALLIED FORCE

21 Operational Environment l Multiple participants (combined) l Support all options l Information Age l Multicultural environments l Non-state actors

22 Future Environment l Internet l Global community l Technological advances l Sophisticated adversaries l Flexibility The future...

23 Non-state Actors l Cartels: Fujimori (President of Peru) and Escobar l Terrorists: Sep 11, USS Cole, Kuwait, Doha

24 Hostile Propaganda l Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) l Engineered in a US lab at Fort Detrick l Spread by criminals and homosexuals l Soviet PSYOP campaign – Newspaper articles – Foreign Press l Baby Parts l Key Players (Iraq, Iran, North Korea, China)

25 Counterpropaganda l Disrupt, degrade, and disable adversary PSYOP – Public Affairs Operations – Combat Camera – Military Information Dissemination l OCI Operations l Credibility and ground truth are key concepts to fighting adversary propaganda AFDD 2-5 l l Those efforts to negate, neutralize, diminish the effects of, or gain advantage from foreign PSYOP or propaganda efforts.

26 PSYOP Tools l Leaflets l Loudspeakers l Radio/TV Broadcasts l Newspapers/Magazines l Face to face l Internet

27 Afghanistan Leaflet

28

29 WWII Leaflet

30 Vietnam Leaflet

31 Persian Gulf Leaflet

32

33 Loudspeakers

34 Radio/TV Broadcasts

35 Newspapers/Magazines

36 Newspapers/Magazines

37 Newspapers/Magazines

38 Face to Face

39 Miscellaneous

40 Future Tools l Direct Broadcast Satellite l Broadcasting from UAVs l Video insertion l Morphing systems l Voice digitization l Computer archiving l LASER Imaging l Holographic Projection l Graphics Technology l Cross Cultural PSYOP Model

41 No matter what tool you use... The truth is the best PSYOP!


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