Presentation on theme: "College of Aerospace Doctrine, Research, and Education"— Presentation transcript:
1 College of Aerospace Doctrine, Research, and Education IW 110 PSYOP NotetakerCollege of Aerospace Doctrine, Research, and EducationPSYOPandCounter PSYOPIW-110Good Morning!, My name is ____________ and I will be presenting to you the lecture entitled Introduction to Information Warfare. This is the 1st lecture in the 100 series which introduces you to IW and looks at each of its components.This will be an informal lecture which means you are welcome to add thoughts or ask questions at any point.You should have received some background readings in your welcome packet as you checked in with billeting. I encourage you to read it for greater depth of understanding.CADRE Mission is to Educate Air Force warfighters by advancing the theory and application of air and space power.IWAC objective is To provide students with the intellectual tools required to develop, plan, and apply information warfare concepts, ideas, and doctrine during peacetime, conflict, and war
2 INFORMATION SUPERIORITY INFORMATION OPERATIONS IW 110 PSYOP NotetakerAFDD 2-5INFORMATION SUPERIORITYINFORMATION OPERATIONSISRPrecisionNav & PositionOther Info Collection/Dissemination ActivitiesPAOWeatherINFORMATION-in-WARFAREexploitgainINFORMATION WARFAREDEFENSIVECOUNTERINFORMATIONOFFENSIVECounter-IntelligenceInformationAssuranceOPSECPropagandaDeceptionElectronicProtectCNDPAOPSYOPPhysicalAttackMilitaryWarfareCNAdefendattackHere is the construct or framework for Information Operations.We are going to expose you to each of the elements throughout the week ahead.Successfully executedInformation Operationsachieve information superiority
3 Outline Publications & Players Definition Categories & Types IW 110 PSYOP NotetakerOutlinePublications & PlayersDefinitionCategories & TypesPrinciples & ObjectivesOrganizationEnvironmentCounterpropagandaToolsExamplesOVERVIEWHere’s what we’re going to be talking about today.
4 Key Publications 1990 PSYOP Master Plan DoD Directive S3321.1 IW 110 PSYOP NotetakerKey Publications1990 PSYOP Master PlanDoD Directive S3321.1Joint Pub 3-53Air Force Doctrine Document 2-5.3AFIArmy FMJust in case you want to do a little light reading on the PSYOP subject, here’s the pubs you should start with.The 1985 PSYOP Master Plan really revitalized military PSYOP and ensured that PSYOP would be injected into military operations at all levels. With changes in legislation, the organization of USSOCOM, and changes in foreign policy, the Master Plan was rewritten in 1990.DoD Directive S assigned responsibilities and provided policy guidance for conducting PSYOP.Joint Pub 3-53 provides guidance to joint force commanders and provides doctrine for joint operations and training.AFDD provides Air Force PSYOP doctrine.AFI explains how to plan and execute PSYOP, delineates MAJCOM and FOAs responsibilities.Since Air Force PSYOP should never be conducted independently, Air Force doctrine and joint doctrine fall closely in line with each other and share many of the same principles.
5 The Players HQ USSOCOM HQ USASOC 2nd Psychological Operations Group IW 110 PSYOP NotetakerThe PlayersHQ USSOCOMHQ USASOC2nd Psychological Operations Group4th Psychological Operations Group7th Psychological Operations GroupHQ AIA/OL-HC (Hulburt Field)HQ AIA Psychological Operations Division, AFIWC, 67th Information Operations Wing, and IW Flights193rd Special Operations WingUSSOCOM is executive agent and force provider of all CONUS based PSYOP units.For the Air Force, we have a couple of main players - the PSYOP office at AIA and the 193 Special Operations Wing. The AIA office is fast becoming the focal point for all Air Force PSYOP activities, while the 193rd flies the Commando Solo aircraft. We’ll talk a little about that platform later on.The Army takes care of most of the PSYOP activities for the the US military. Their PSYOP missions are conducted by the 2nd, 4th, and 7th Psychological Operations Groups with the 4th POG taking on most of the responsibilities. It plans and conducts PSYOP activities worldwide in peacetime all the way through war. So if you want to know about Army PSYOP go see the 4th POG.Although the services bring or support various PSYOP capabilities to the fight, close coordination with USSOCOM is essential.
6 Psychological Operations (PSYOP) IW 110 PSYOP NotetakerPsychological Operations (PSYOP)…planned operations to convey selected information and indicators to foreign audiences to influence their emotions, motives, objective reasoning, and ultimately their behavior to favor friendly objectives.AFDD 2-5.3PSYOP is a vital piece of the puzzle used to secure national objectives. It’s the dissemination of truthful information to foreign audiences in support of US policy and national objectives. Remember, this is OUR definition - other countries may elect to leave out the truthful part.
7 PSYOP Categories Strategic Operational Tactical Consolidation IW 110 PSYOP NotetakerPSYOP CategoriesStrategicOperationalTacticalConsolidationPSYOP runs the entire gamut of military operations - from peace, all the way through war. It can provide a critical, force-multiplying capability that can be used at all levels of operations. According to AFDD 2-5.5, PSYOP can be broken down into four categories - strategic, operational, tactical, and consolidation.. It’s important to understand that these categories may overlap. For example, a tactical leaflet that’s picked up and broadcast on TV, may take on strategic significance. So obviously, the lines aren’t always going to be clear cut.
8 Strategic PSYOP Global in scope Promotes favorable U.S. image IW 110 PSYOP NotetakerStrategic PSYOPGlobal in scopePromotes favorable U.S. imageSupports long-term goalsMaintains stabilityDirected by National Command AuthoritiesStrategic PSYOP advance broad or long-term objectives. It’s global in nature and may be directed toward large audiences or at key personnel. This would include statements from the president, Secretary of State, Secretary of Defense, or any other high level official. The intent here is to gain or maintain stability and to meet long-term goals. For example, comments made by President Clinton about Iraq not allowing UN inspectors access to certain facilities were designed to gain worldwide support for the UN effort.
9 Operational PSYOP Targets regional audiences Gains support IW 110 PSYOP NotetakerOperational PSYOPTargets regional audiencesGains supportWeakens oppositionCreates concernCounters enemy propagandaOperational PSYOP is conducted on a smaller scale. It’s employed by theater commanders to target groups within the theater of operations. The purpose can range from gaining support for U.S. operations to preparing the battlefield for combat.
10 Tactical PSYOP Supports cover and concealment IW 110 PSYOP NotetakerTactical PSYOPSupports cover and concealmentDisrupts local operationsProvides surrender instructionsLimited to short term objectivesTactical PSYOP is more limited. It’s used by commanders to secure immediate and near-term goals. The objectives here are to enhance your operations by lowering the morale and efficiency of enemy forces.
11 IW 110 PSYOP NotetakerConsolidation PSYOPSupports force protection in potentially hostile environmentsSupports U.S. objectivesMaximizes operational freedomBolsters foreign internal defense operationsThough it isn’t immediately obvious, consolidation PSYOP refers to PSYOP conducted in potentially hostile environments. Basically, you can think of this as MOOTW PSYOP. It’s the PSYOP that we do in places like Bosnia, Somalia, and Haiti. Essentially, you are trying to gain support for whatever reasons the US happens to be there, and you also want to allow the troops in that country to be able to do their jobs with as little resistance as possible.
12 Types of PSYOP Cohesive Divisive IW 110 PSYOP NotetakerTypes of PSYOPCohesiveDivisiveWhile you can look at PSYOP according to its category, you can also look at it according to its type. There are two basic types of PSYOP - cohesive and divisive. Essentially, you are trying to unite a group of people or divide a group of people.
13 Cohesive PSYOP Develops national unity IW 110 PSYOP NotetakerCohesive PSYOPDevelops national unityPromotes favorable government imagesProvides public informationImproves civil-military relationsCounters hostile propagandaRedirects interestsUnites audience against common foeCohesive PSYOP obviously refers to trying to unite a group of people. Specifically, these are the things you’re trying to do. Show the local government in a favorable light. Provide public information such as where food and water supplies would be located. Improve civil and military relations and make sure the population knows the truth about any hostile messages they might be exposed to. Cohesive PSYOP can also be used to redirect interests to a common direction so that everyone knows who the real enemy is.
14 Divisive PSYOP Exploits vulnerabilities & failures IW 110 PSYOP NotetakerDivisive PSYOPExploits vulnerabilities & failuresEncourages dissensionWeakens oppositionExploits intolerance & prejudice*Encourages defection and inaction (apathy)Emphasizes self-interestDivisive PSYOP does exactly the opposite. Here you are trying to exploit a population’s weaknesses, encourage dissension among the troops, and in general, make the enemy lose its will to fight.
15 Why use PSYOP? Low cost/High impact IW 110 PSYOP NotetakerWhy use PSYOP?Low cost/High impactUntapped force multiplier in aerospace Information OperationsLeverages Technological advancesCreates favorable (psychosocial) conditions for (joint) air and IO campaignsProvides full-dimensional IOConserves forcesFor you non-believers out there who might ask this question, the two-word answer is “force multiplier.” The long answer is what you see here. It provides leverage for our commanders, it’s relatively cheap compared to bombs and missiles, yet it can have a great impact on your enemy’s actions. In the end, it will preclude the need to deploy additional forces and it will reduce the period of the operation.
16 IW 110 PSYOP NotetakerPSYOP PrinciplesRequires defined, clear objectives; must be decomposed from theater objectivesBased on thorough analysis (Target / Product analysis worksheets)Appropriate disseminationCultural UNDERSTANDING vs awarenessAnalysis of resultsProactive vs reactiveMP-4To make sure that you run an effective PSYOP campaign, there’s a few principles you need to follow. The methods, or course, are going to vary depending on your target audience, but the basic ideas are the same.Obviously, you want clear objectives - what is it you’re trying to accomplish with PSYOP?Do your homework - make sure you can communicate to your audience in terms that they can relate to.Evaluate your results to make sure you’re doing what you want to do - and adjust your messages as necessary.Use the appropriate media - if you’re planning on broadcasting TV clips, make sure your audience has access to TVs.And finally, decrease your enemy’s will to put up resistance.
17 IW 110 PSYOP NotetakerWhat can PSYOP do?Provides full-dimensional IO through psychological preparation of the battlespaceCan achieve objectives before introduction of forcesKey player in force protection and targetingBroadens PSYOP beyond special operationsFacilitates force protectionProvides lethal and non-lethal PSYOP alternativesSo what can PSYOP do for you? This of course is going to depend on your situation, but in general, this is what you want do with PSYOP. You want to reduce the efficiency of your enemy’s fighting forces, obtain cooperation from multinational partners and neutral nations, and advance friendly efforts by influencing selected groups of people.
18 How Does PSYOP Fit In? THEATER CINC JTF ARFOR MARFOR AFFOR NAVFOR IW 110 PSYOP NotetakerHow Does PSYOP Fit In?THEATER CINCJTFSo how does PSYOP fit in? The Theater CINC develops PSYOP campaign plans for his region. During peacetime, he coordinates his plans with various government agencies and forwards them to the NCA for approval. During war, the CINC has final approval authority. If he wants, he can delegate approval authority in full or in part down to a JTF commander, if there is one, or the senior PSYOP commander. Personnel at all levels must ensure that all PSYOP activities are in line with the CINC's plan. In other words, make sure your themes don’t conflict. You should also note that the Joint PSYOP Task Force Commander is on the same level as the other force commanders as well as the Special Ops Task Force Commander. So the JPOTF Commander carries a lot of weight.ARFORMARFORAFFORNAVFORJSOTFJPOTF
19 Joint PSYOP Task Force JPOTF EPW/CI PROD DEV 193d SOW NAVY FIW GRP IW 110 PSYOP NotetakerJoint PSYOP Task ForceJPOTFPROD DEV193dSOWTACTICALELEMENTSNAVYFIW GRPDISSEMBNEPW/CIReal quickly, I don’t want this to turn into one big org chart. Here’s the basics of a typical Joint PSYOP task force. The JPOTF is made up of multi-service PSYOP forces. It includes units focusing on Enemy Prisoners of War and Civilian Internees, product development, Air Force assets such as Commando Solo, Army PSYOP support elements from the corps, division, and brigade levels, Navy assets such as from the Fleet Information Warfare Group, and dissemination battalions that take care of getting the product out to the target audience.AF
20 Recent Operations PROVIDE PROMISE PROVEN FORCE ANDREW SOUTHERN WATCH IW 110 PSYOP NotetakerRecent OperationsPROVIDE PROMISEPROVEN FORCEANDREWSOUTHERN WATCHSAFE HAVENJOINT ENDEAVORUPHOLD DEMOCRACYURGENT FURYPROVIDE COMFORTDESERT STORMGTMOJTF-SWALASER STRIKEALLIED FORCEJUST CAUSEPACIFIC HAVENUNITED SHIELDThis chart depicts some of the recent operations in which PSYOP has been used. You can see that PSYOP is not just some novelty that’s used every once in a while. It’s an integral part of our operations and will continue to be used in just about every operation in which we take part.PROMOTE LIBERTYPROVIDE REFUGERESTORE HOPEASSURED RESPONSEPROMPT RETURN
21 Operational Environment IW 110 PSYOP NotetakerOperational EnvironmentMultiple participants (combined)Support all optionsInformation AgeMulticultural environmentsNon-state actorsThis is what we’re facing today. We have to do our job alongside other services, other countries, and other agencies. And, we have to be prepared to support all possible options - whether it’s sending a security force over or simply providing humanitarian assistance. We have to adapt to this new information age and all of the technology that goes along with it. Also, since we do have our hand in so many baskets around the world, it’s imperative that we understand the cultures in which we operate. And some of those cultures may not even be associated with a particular nation, but may be something like a terrorist group or a drug cartel.
22 Future Environment Internet Global community Technological advances IW 110 PSYOP NotetakerFuture EnvironmentInternetGlobal communityTechnological advancesSophisticated adversariesFlexibilityThe future...And this is what we’ll be facing tomorrow. Cyberspace is here and it’s only going to get bigger and faster - we’re going to rely on the computer more and more in the future. And this may very well be the future way we conduct PSYOP. The CNN factor - instant information from nearly anywhere in the world pumped right into your living room. People now expect to know what’s happening as it’s happening. Right now, we’re the only policeman on the block. Unfortunately, that means we’re probably going to places around the world that we don’t necessarily want to go to. And finally, we have always played by the rules, but other countries don’t necessarily play by the same set of rules. We may have to change our tactics a little if we are going to deal with some of these more hostile players.
23 Non-state Actors Cartels: Fujimori (President of Peru) and Escobar IW 110 PSYOP NotetakerNon-state ActorsCartels: Fujimori (President of Peru) and EscobarTerrorists: Sep 11, USS Cole, Kuwait, DohaSo what can PSYOP do for you? This of course is going to depend on your situation, but in general, this is what you want do with PSYOP. You want to reduce the efficiency of your enemy’s fighting forces, obtain cooperation from multinational partners and neutral nations, and advance friendly efforts by influencing selected groups of people.
24 Hostile Propaganda Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) IW 110 PSYOP NotetakerHostile PropagandaAcquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS)Engineered in a US lab at Fort DetrickSpread by criminals and homosexualsSoviet PSYOP campaignNewspaper articlesForeign PressBaby PartsKey Players(Iraq, Iran, North Korea, China)Here’s an example of a PSYOP campaign that took place not too long ago. Who can tell me where AIDS came from? Africa? No. It cam from a military laboratory at Fort Detrick in Maryland. It was actually an experiment that went bad and resulted in this deadly virus that we all know about today. When researchers realized what they had created, they decided to spread this virus through criminals and homosexuals. What do you think, sound plausible? Well, the Soviets were hoping it would. This was all just a campaign put on to try to make the world believe that the US created AIDS and was trying to spread it around the world. The campaign started with articles in Soviet newspapers. The story picked up a little steam when it was presented at this Non-aligned Summit. And it picked up a lot of steam when it was run by the Soviet News Agency Novosti. From there, the foreign press picked it up and the story was run all over the world. It took them a while, but the Soviets finally succeeded at getting their story run worldwide. While the story was later refuted by experts worldwide and many retractions were run, the Soviets did manage to get the world thinking that the US was out to destroy the world - at least for a little while.
25 IW 110 PSYOP NotetakerCounterpropagandaAFDD 2-5Those efforts to negate, neutralize, diminish the effects of, or gain advantage from foreign PSYOP or propaganda efforts.Disrupt, degrade, and disable adversary PSYOPPublic Affairs OperationsCombat CameraMilitary Information DisseminationOCI OperationsCredibility and ground truth are key concepts to fighting adversary propagandaMP-7Counter-PSYOP - basically, this is what you do in order to ensure that friendly forces and populations are not influenced by the enemy’s PSYOP efforts.Once you identify these efforts, you need to counter them. Some of the ways you can do this include Public Affairs - where you get the truth out about how things are really going;Combat Camera - where you record what is happening out on the battlefield, remember, a picture is worth a thousand words; and military information dissemination programs can communicate accurate information to friendly troops.These things will minimize the intended effects of the adversary’s messages. OCI - the best defense is a good offense. This includes operations such as information attack, physical attack, or EW. These activities can make it a lot harder for the enemy to get his message across. In addition, platforms like Commando Solo, UAVs, and broadcast satellites can also support counter-PSYOP and PA activities.
26 PSYOP Tools Leaflets Loudspeakers Radio/TV Broadcasts IW 110 PSYOP NotetakerPSYOP ToolsLeafletsLoudspeakersRadio/TV BroadcastsNewspapers/MagazinesFace to faceInternetNext up, we’re going to take a look at a few PSYOP tools.
27 Afghanistan Leaflet IW 110 PSYOP Notetaker Our aerospace domain encompasses air, space, and information operations. Air, space, and information operations are inherently intertwined and - more and more - we are discovering our missions involve all three.Information operations aren’t medium-dependent. Air Force doctrine recognizes that air and space operations can also support information operations’ objectives and vice versa. For example, a B-2 dropping a munition with GPS guidance on a C2 node is an information operation, but it incorporates all three mediums. Generally, it is the intent behind a particular mission or action that determines whether it’s an air, space, or info operation, not the medium used to conduct the operation.Whoever has the ability to best gain, exploit, defend, and attack information while denying an adversary the ability to do the same has a substantial advantage on the battlefield. Information operations encompass the preparation for and conduct of all levels of conflict -- from the national strategic level to operational and tactical engagements. In the future, we will conduct information operations in air, space and, increasingly, in cyberspace.
28 Afghanistan Leaflet IW 110 PSYOP Notetaker Our aerospace domain encompasses air, space, and information operations. Air, space, and information operations are inherently intertwined and - more and more - we are discovering our missions involve all three.Information operations aren’t medium-dependent. Air Force doctrine recognizes that air and space operations can also support information operations’ objectives and vice versa. For example, a B-2 dropping a munition with GPS guidance on a C2 node is an information operation, but it incorporates all three mediums. Generally, it is the intent behind a particular mission or action that determines whether it’s an air, space, or info operation, not the medium used to conduct the operation.Whoever has the ability to best gain, exploit, defend, and attack information while denying an adversary the ability to do the same has a substantial advantage on the battlefield. Information operations encompass the preparation for and conduct of all levels of conflict -- from the national strategic level to operational and tactical engagements. In the future, we will conduct information operations in air, space and, increasingly, in cyberspace.
29 IW 110 PSYOP NotetakerWWII LeafletJust before Hitler's troops invaded France, they showered the country with these leaf-shaped leaflets bearing the message:"Autumn, the leaves are falling. We will fall like them.... Next spring nobody will remember either the dead leaves or the dead soldiers."
30 IW 110 PSYOP NotetakerVietnam Leaflet"Vietcong Beware! There is nowhere to run, nowhere to hide!This leaflet warned the Vietcong that their efforts were hopeless and that no matter what, we were going to find them and destroy them.
31 IW 110 PSYOP NotetakerPersian Gulf LeafletThe story behind this leaflet is pretty interesting. It was dropped in plastic water bottles off the coast of Kuwait. No words were printed on it and no comments were made about it. The press picked these things up, saw the marine crashing onto the beach, and assumed that the leaflets were a warning of an impending amphibious assault. As we all know, there wasn’t an amphibious assault, so this turned out to be part of the deception to make the Iraqis believe that we were coming from the coast. The press wasn’t too happy about this leaflet - they claimed we lied to them. In reality, we didn’t say a thing - they were the ones who made the assumptions. This particular example really emphasizes the importance of integrating the elements to gain the maximum effect. In this case, PSYOP was an integral part of a deception campaign to tie up Iraqi forces.
32 IW 110 PSYOP NotetakerPersian Gulf LeafletA total of 29 million leaflets were dropped over the Kuwaiti theater. This one is a safe conduct pass that tells Iraqi soldiers what they need to do in order to surrender. Obviously it was designed to look like Iraqi money so that soldiers could conceal the fact that they had one of these leaflets in their possession. Iraqi soldiers would be severely punished if they were found with coalition leaflets in their possession.
33 IW 110 PSYOP NotetakerLoudspeakersLoudspeakers are another tool used to convey PSYOP messages. They can be mounted on vehicles, helicopters and even backpacks that soldiers can carry. Backpack systems were used extensively in Panama to clear houses before they were searched.
34 IW 110 PSYOP NotetakerRadio/TV BroadcastsCommando Solo performs the US Air Force's only airborne radio and television broadcast mission. The 193d Special Operations Wing does this with six specially configured EC-130 aircraft. These aircraft can broadcast radio and TV for virtually any contingency or national disaster. The 193d has seen combat action in Southeast Asia, Grenada, Panama, and Desert Shield and Desert Storm. Additionally, in 1994, the unit conducted operations over Haiti during Operation Uphold Democracy. There, Commando Solo broadcast messages from ousted President Aristide and played a crucial role in transitioning that country back to the legitimate government in a peaceful manner.
35 Newspapers/Magazines IW 110 PSYOP NotetakerNewspapers/MagazinesThis is a famous World War II newspaper aimed at German civilians, but also dropped over German soldiers in the field. It contained all kinds of news that was, for the most part, true. We didn't have to lie too much to the German people. In this edition, the German efforts were described as hopeless.
36 Newspapers/Magazines IW 110 PSYOP NotetakerNewspapers/MagazinesHere’s another newspaper example. This is a paper from Pakistan that came out on February 28th, I’m not really sure why Pakistan did this, but as you can see they did and this something that had to be dealt with.
37 Newspapers/Magazines IW 110 PSYOP NotetakerNewspapers/MagazinesHere’s some very effective PSYOP that was used in Bosnia a few years ago. For quite a while, forces had only limited success at trying to educate children on the dangers of unexploded land mines. They had been using mostly posters that showed people with limbs missing and warning against the lurking dangers. PSYOP forces finally got the idea to put the message in something that kids could relate to - a comic book. These comic books became very popular items with children and were credited with a decrease in mine accidents. Note that one of the sponsors is DC comics - so these things really do look like your everyday comic book.
38 IW 110 PSYOP NotetakerFace to FacePSYOP was well integrated into Operation Just Cause in Panama. At the tactical level, loud speaker teams convinced the enemy to cease resistance and surrender and innocent civilians to stay out of harm's way. At the strategic level, loudspeaker, radio, and TV assets helped to minimize interference and resistance and foster support for US military operations and efforts by the Panamanian government to restore law and order. In addition to these assets, Volant Solo - this was Commando Solo before it was renamed - made TV and radio broadcasts. To prevent any hostile propaganda, we commandeered the national TV channel and deployed a 10,000-watt radio station. Also, posters and newspapers kept the public informed and neutralized any hostile propaganda. Virtually all operations were successful as indicated by enemy surrenders, public response, civilian compliance, absence of hostile propaganda, and restoration of commercial information services.
39 IW 110 PSYOP NotetakerMiscellaneousAnd finally, one miscellaneous tool. During the Gulf War, Iraqi soldiers were warned that if they didn’t surrender, they were going be bombed with the largest conventional weapon in the world. The next day they were hit with the BLU-82 - a 15,000 pound conventional bomb. When the next warning came, Iraqi soldiers didn't need any more convincing. Among the defectors influenced by the BLU-82 was an intelligence officer who had maps of the minefields along the Kuwait border. This information gave us a great advantage when the ground war kicked off. So to have a psychological effect, the tool doesn’t have to be a leaflet or a loudspeaker pounds per square inch of down pressure can also have a pretty severe psychological impact. Anybody know what the BLU-82 was initially designed for? Clearing landing zones in Vietnam. This is one of the things we try to emphasize - some of the most effective tools can be existing tools used in new and innovative ways.
40 Future Tools Direct Broadcast Satellite Broadcasting from UAVs IW 110 PSYOP NotetakerFuture ToolsDirect Broadcast SatelliteBroadcasting from UAVsVideo insertionMorphing systemsVoice digitizationComputer archivingLASER ImagingHolographic ProjectionGraphics TechnologyCross Cultural PSYOP ModelThese are some of the future tools that are going to affect the way that psychological operations are conducted. Direct Broadcast Satellite - this will allow you to broadcast anywhere in the world to users with satellite dishes as small as 18 inches across. You’ll also be able to broadcast from UAVs - possibly giving the public instant images from the battlefield. Video insertion, morphing technology, and voice digitization - these could all provide you the ability to alter someone’s appearance, message, voice, emotions, intent, etc, etc, etc. Computer archiving - soon you’ll be able to retrieve, via computer, anything that you see on TV or hear on the radio or see in a magazine. The amount of images and information available will be astounding. LASER imaging and holographic projection will provide new dissemination methods. Instead of a loudspeakers or leaflets, you simply project your message on the night sky where it could be seen and heard by entire cities. And finally advances in graphics technology will give you surreal images such as this that will give PSYOP messages a whole new look.
41 No matter what tool you use... IW 110 PSYOP NotetakerNo matter what tool you use...The truth is the best PSYOP!No matter what tool you use, it’s always better to speak the truth. It’s not only very difficult to dispute the truth, but when you do get caught telling a lie, it’s very hard to get your credibility back - it may be a long time before anyone believes any more of your PSYOP messages.
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