Presentation on theme: "Topic 10 Intro to IO Enabling Objectives 10.1 STATE the definition of Information Operations (IO). 10.2 LIST five (5) Core Information Operations capabilities."— Presentation transcript:
Topic 10 Intro to IO Enabling Objectives 10.1 STATE the definition of Information Operations (IO). 10.2 LIST five (5) Core Information Operations capabilities. 10.3 LIST five (5) Supporting Information Operations capabilities. 10.4 IDENTIFY the three (3) related capabilities of Information Operations.
Information Operations Information operations (IO) are described as the integrated employment of : Electronic Warfare (EW) Computer Network Operations (CNO) Psychological Operations (PSYOP) Military Deception (MILDEC) Operations Security (OPSEC) In concert with specified supporting and related capabilities, to influence, disrupt, corrupt, or usurp adversarial human and automated decision making while protecting our own.
Electronic Protection (EP) Action taken to protect the friendly use of the spectrum, associated personnel, equipment and facilities Deny the enemy effective use of electronic warfare capabilities Ensure friendly electronic warfare operations will not disturb friendly combat capabilities
Electronic Protection Two Types Of EP Measures: –Protective - Measures taken during training, planning, and the establishment of communications and non- communication electronic systems –Remedial - Those measures taken when friendly assets are the subject of enemy electronic warfare operations of any kind
Electronic Support (ES) Tasked by or under the control of the operational commander Search for, locate, identify and intercept radiated energy Immediate threat recognition, targeting and avoidance
Psychological Operations The Use of Mass Media to Convey Selected Information and Indicators to Foreign Audiences, to Influence Emotions, Motives, Objective Reasoning and Ultimately the Behavior of the Local Populace Towards US Forces
PSYOP Core Competencies Marketing Radio & TVLoudspeakers & Meetings Print Presses Language Proficiency Social PSYCH Country & Region Familiarization Pre & Post Testing Analysis & Planning
PSYOP Capabilities Amplify Effects of Operations Inform Various Audiences Target Enemy Morale and Will Sustain Friendly Morale Exploit Differences Offer Alternative to Conflict Influence Local Support Support Deception Project Favorable U.S. Image
PSYOP Limitations Time Opponent Ability to Counter Target Audience Info Evaluation and Feedback Coordination Qualified PSYOP Personnel ROE and Legal Constraints Accessibility of Target Measures of Effectiveness 2nd, 3rd, 4th Order Effects
Levels of PSYOP Strategic Operational Tactical CI G8517, Bagdad: Better Every Day
Public Affairs And Psychological Operations INFLUENCES CREDIBLE PRECISE TARGETING PROVIDES SELECTED INFORMATION USUALLY CONTROLS MEANS OF TRANSMISSION GOAL: ACHIEVE DESIRED AUDIENCE BEHAVIOR INFORMS FACTUAL BROAD FOCUS PROVIDES ALL INFORMATION SECURITY PERMITS DOES NOT CONTROL MEANS OF TRANSMISSION GOAL: AUDIENCE MAKES INFORMED DECISIONS PSYCHOLOGICAL PUBLIC AFFAIRS
Military Deception Actions Taken to Mislead the Enemy, Causing Them to Derive and Accept Friendly Intentions.
Key Terms Deception Objective Deception Target Desired Perception Deception Story Deception Means Deception Course of Action (COA) Deception Event Deception Actions
Feints Involves Actual Contact Not main Effort/Assault
Ruses “Trick of War” Deliberate Placing of False Information
Civil and Public Affairs Civil Affairs - conducted to gain maximum support for US forces from the civilian population Public Affairs – will not intentionally target or mislead the US public
1600+ News media in Saudi to report Desert Shield/Storm the war. Amazing... they keep coming... planeload after planeload Yeah... and those are just the reporters THE MILITARY VIEWPOINT Media as a Logistical Burden
Public Affairs Contributes to Ops In many cases, the ability of public affairs to inject a well-timed truth into the equation can have as significant an impact upon an adversary as a detailed deception plan. A CONCEPT FOR INFORMATION OPERATIONS
Operations Security The Process of Denying Enemy Information About Friendly Capabilities and Intentions by Identifying, Controlling and Protecting Indicators Associated With Planning and Conducting Military Operations
Supporting Capabilities Information Assurance (IA) Physical Security Physical Attack Counterintelligence (CI) Combat Camera (COMCAM)
Related Capabilities Public Affairs (PA) Civil-Military Operations (CMO) Defense Support to Public Diplomacy (DSPD)