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Unclassified Intro to SOF Core Operations and Activities SOF Core Operations and Activities Click arrow below to continue.

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Presentation on theme: "Unclassified Intro to SOF Core Operations and Activities SOF Core Operations and Activities Click arrow below to continue."— Presentation transcript:

1 Unclassified Intro to SOF Core Operations and Activities SOF Core Operations and Activities Click arrow below to continue

2 Unclassified Intro to SOF Core Operations and Activities SOF perform tasks that: –No other forces in DoD conduct –Are conducted by DoD forces, but do so to a unique set of conditions and standards, normally using equipment and tactics, techniques, and procedures (TTPs) not utilized by conventional forces

3 Unclassified Intro to SOF Core Operations and Activities History of SOF Core Activities ACTIVITY Humanitarian AssistanceCivil Affairs Operations (CA) Counterterrorism (CT)Foreign Internal Defense (FID) Strategic Special Reconnaissance (SR) Psychological Operations (PSYOP) Military Information Support Operations (MISO) Direct Action (DA)Theater Search and Rescue Unconventional Warfare (UW) Activities Specified by the President or SecDef Counterinsurgency Operations (COIN) Information Operations (IO) Security Force Assistance (SFA)Counter Proliferation (CP)

4 Unclassified Intro to SOF Core Operations and Activities SOF conducts Core Operations and Activities within the Operational Framework using unique capabilities and under conditions in which other forces are not trained or equipped to operate. –Core Operations - Military missions for which SOF have unique modes of employment, tactical techniques, equipment, and training to orchestrate effects within the Operational Framework, often in concert with conventional forces. –Core Activities - Operationally significant, unique capabilities SOF apply in different combinations tailored for an operational problem set. Core Activities can be applied independently or in combination as part of global, Geographic Combatant Command (GCC), or Joint Force Commander campaign, operation, or activity.

5 Unclassified Intro to SOF Core Operations and Activities Preparation of the Environment Civil Affairs Operations Special Reconnaissance Security Force Assistance Military Information Support Operations Direct Action Interdiction and Offensive CWMD Operations Hostage Rescue & Recovery SOF Combat Service Support SOF Combat Support Counterinsurgency Stability Countering Weapons of Mass Destruction Counterterrorism Support Major Combat Operations & Campaigns Unconventional Warfare CORE OPERATIONS Foreign Internal Defense National Strategies, Global Campaign Plans, and Theater Plans CORE ACTIVITIES

6 Unclassified Intro to SOF Core Operations and Activities Counterproliferation OF WMD Actions taken to defeat the threat and/or use of weapons of mass destruction against the United States, our military forces, friends, and allies. (JP 1-02) Detect Monitor Offensive Operations Active Defense Passive Defense Prepare to conduct CP operations

7 Unclassified Intro to SOF Core Operations and Activities Counterinsurgency Operations Military, paramilitary, political, economic, psychological, and civic actions by a government to defeat insurgency. (JP 1-0) Offensive approach that includes: Strategic and operational planning Training Infrastructure development Tactical-level operations MISO elements Intelligence development and analysis Materiel, technical, and organizational assistance

8 Unclassified Intro to SOF Core Operations and Activities Counterterrorism Operations that include the offensive measures taken to prevent, deter, preempt, and respond to terrorism. (JP 1-02) Intelligence operations Attacks against terrorist networks and infrastructures Hostage rescue Recovery of sensitive material from terrorist organizations

9 Unclassified Intro to SOF Core Operations and Activities Foreign Internal Defense Participation by civilian and military agencies of a government in any of the action programs taken by another government or other designated organization to free and protect its society from subversion, lawlessness, and insurgency. (JP 1-02)

10 Unclassified Intro to SOF Core Operations and Activities Unconventional Warfare Activities conducted to enable a resistance movement or insurgency to coerce, disrupt, or overthrow a government or occupying power by operating through or with an underground, auxiliary and guerrilla force in a denied area. Guerrilla warfare Subversion and sabotage Intelligence activities Unconventional assisted recovery

11 Unclassified Intro to SOF Core Operations and Activities Stability

12 Unclassified Intro to SOF Core Operations and Activities Support to Major Combat Operations & Campaigns Operation Desert Storm 1991Operation Urgent Fury 1983 MISO Broadcast Special Reconnaissance Direct Action Civil Affairs

13 Unclassified Intro to SOF Core Operations and Activities Civil Affairs Operations Operations by Civil Affairs Forces - –Enhance the relationship between military forces and civil authorities. –Require coordination with interagency, intergovernmental, and nongovernmental organizations, indigenous populations and institutions, and the private sector. – Involve application of functional specialty skills that normally are the responsibility of civil government to enhance the conduct of civil-military operations. (JP 1-02)

14 Unclassified Intro to SOF Core Operations and Activities Direct Action Actions in hostile, denied, or politically sensitive environments using specialized military capabilities to seize, destroy, capture, exploit, recover, or damage designated targets. Direct action differs from conventional offensive actions in the level of physical and political risk, operational techniques, and the degree of discriminate and precise use of force to achieve specific objectives. (JP 1-02) AC-130 Close Air Support Night Urban Assault MH-6 Assault Aircraft Airborne Airfield Seizure

15 Unclassified Intro to SOF Core Operations and Activities Hostage Rescue & Recovery Time sensitive offensive missions to prevent or recapture personnel. March 2003 Pvt Jessica Lynch held in Iraq January 2012 Jessica Buchanan and Poul Hagan rescued from Somalia pirates in Somalia April 2009 Capt of the MV Maersk- Alabama Richard Phillips rescued at sea from Somalia pirates

16 Unclassified Intro to SOF Core Operations and Activities Interdiction & Offensive CWMD Operations

17 Unclassified Intro to SOF Core Operations and Activities Military Information Support Operations Convey selected information and indicators to foreign audiences to influence their emotions, motives, objective reasoning, and ultimately foreign governments, organizations, groups, and individuals. Purpose is to induce or reinforce foreign attitudes and behavior favorable to the originator's objectives.

18 Unclassified Intro to SOF Core Operations and Activities Preparation of the Environment (PE) Actions taken by or in support of SOF to develop an environment for current or future operations and activities. Key components of PE include the following: –Orientation activities (area familiarization, developing plans and infrastructure) –Target Development (acquiring real time target specific information) –Preliminary Engagement ( find, fix, monitor or influence the target prior to conducting operations.

19 Unclassified Intro to SOF Core Operations and Activities The focus of the SFA operation is enabling the Host Nation to take over all of the security tasks within their own country. The focus is not on USG “doing” - it is on enabling the host nation to employ and sustain their own forces. Security Force Assistance

20 Unclassified Intro to SOF Core Operations and Activities Special Reconnaissance (SR) Actions in hostile, denied, or politically sensitive environments to collect or verify information of strategic or operational significance, employing military capabilities not normally found in conventional forces. (JP 1-02) Environmental Armed Reconnaissance Target and Threat Assessment Post strike reconnaissance

21 Unclassified Intro to SOF Core Operations and Activities SOF Combat Support & Service Support Typical service-provided combat support and combat service support capabilities required to augment or replace SOF combat support/combat service support organic capabilities consist of: Combat Support Indirect fires Chemical Engineer Intelligence Information operations Military police Signal Aviation Combat Service Support Supply Maintenance Transportation Health services Explosive ordnance disposal Legal support Finance Infrastructure sustainment

22 Unclassified Intro to SOF Core Operations and Activities Conclusion


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