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World War II 1939-1945. September 1, 1939 Germany invades Poland – Start of War September 3, 1939 Britain and France declare war on Germany December 7,

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Presentation on theme: "World War II 1939-1945. September 1, 1939 Germany invades Poland – Start of War September 3, 1939 Britain and France declare war on Germany December 7,"— Presentation transcript:

1 World War II

2 September 1, 1939 Germany invades Poland – Start of War September 3, 1939 Britain and France declare war on Germany December 7, 1941 Japan bombs Pearl Harbor – USA enters war May 1945 Germany Surrenders September 1945 Japan Surrenders Major Dates

3 Who Allies Great Britain Churchill U.S.A. F.D.R. and Truman USSR Stalin France Surrendered to Germany Axis

4 Why World War II ? 1.Treaty of Versailles land lost Reparations Germany becomes bankrupt 2.World Wide Depression Germany’s debt increases scapegoats are created 3.Rise of Totalitarian Regions Fascism (Spain, Germany, Italy) Communism (USSR) Military Dictatorship (Japan)

5 Why World War II ? 4.Isolationism U.S.A. Great Depression Perceptions of World War I Pacifism Appeasement Began with Japan Manchuria Italy Ethiopia (Haile Salessie) League of Nations=Sanctions Germany Sudetenland Munich Conference

6 What About Hitler ? Weimer Republic thought to be decadent and weak Great Depression provided solutions scapegoats Kristalhacht Fascism (military government based on racism and nationalism with strong support of business)

7 What About Hitler ? Continued… Hitler Wanted Lebensraum (Return Germany) Annexed Austria – 1938 Sudetenland (Czechoslovakia) Munich Conference (appeasement) Nonaggression Pact/Nazi-Soviet Pact with USSR – gets half of Poland

8 World War II German Aggression

9 Spanish Civil War 1936–Nationalists vs. Republicans (Fascists) (Communists) Guerica (Spanish City) (Practice for Germany) Luftwaffe terror bombing 1,654 people killed Francisco Franco becomes leader of Spain

10 Anti Commintern Pact 1936 – Germany and Japan fight Communism

11 Nazi-Soviet Pact Nonaggression Pact – split Poland Germany – Fascists (extreme nationalism) USSR – Communism (international change and classless society) Shocked Europe Hitler used communism as excuse: Build up military Enter Rhinland Anticommintern Pact

12 World War II Begins 1. September 1, 1939 – Germany attacks Poland Blitzkrieg 1 st planes = panic 2 nd tanks 3 rd foot soldiers Germany goes through: Denmark Norway Netherlands Belgium

13 World War II Begins Continued… 3.Germany attacks France through mountains Dunkirk 300,000 rescued June 22, 1940 – France Surrenders Vichy Government established  Germany Puppet 4.Battle of Britain August – October 1940 Goal = destroy Britain’s air force “London Blitz” New technology saved Britain Failure called off in 1941

14 5.Hitler went after USSR “Operation Babarossa” June 1941 – USSR attacked 3 million German troops USSR was no match Germans couldn’t withstand the Russian winter World War II Begins Continued…

15 World War II Allies Respond

16 U.S.A. Reaction Neutrality Acts Forbade sale of arms with any country at war Pacifism Opposition to all war Land – Lease Act Gave aid to Allies Atlantic Charter Issued by FDR and Churchill Set goals for war

17 Japan Attacks – December 7, 1941 Why? U.S.A. banned sale of oil because of Japan’s aggressive behavior towards Indo China December 8, 1941 U.S.A. declares war on Japan December 11, 1941 Germany, Italy, and Japan declare war on U.S.A.

18 Battle of the Atlantic Why?  supplies  Major Battles Coral Sea  May 1942 = North East coast of Australia  U.S.A. stops Japan’s advancement Midway  June 1942 – island in the middle of the Pacific  America’s Military Base U.S. broke Japan’s code  U.S. destroyed 4 Japanese carriers

19 Battle of the Atlantic Continued… Guadalcanal  August February 1943 = Solomon Islands  Island hopping (capture weak targets)  Allies captured Solomon, Gilbert, Marshall, Caroline, and Mariana Islands Leyte Gulf  October 1944 = Allies win Philippines

20 Battle in Africa Suez Canal = oil supplies from Middle East El Alamein = Egypt  Allies win because Italy was weak and Germans lacked suppliesmoved north to Italy

21 U.S.S.R. Siege of Leningrad  German blockaded  1 million Soviets starved Stalingrad = Volga River = 1942  City produced weapons  Ports shipped grain and oil  Stalin “hold at all coasts”  Germans defeated and surrounded by Soviets  Beginning of German failure

22 World War II End of World War II

23 War Ends in Europe 1943 = Stalingrad  Soviets push back Germans June 6, 1944 = D-Day  Allies invaded France  Secured Normandy Beach December 1944 = Battle of Bulge  German counterattacked in Belgium  Pushed back Allies (“Bulge”)  January 1945 = Allies win  Allies race to Berlin  Soviets get there in April

24 War Ends in Europe Continued… April 28, 1945  Mussolini was executed by his people (Italians) May 2, 1945  Hitler found dead May 7, 1945  V-E Day (Victory in Europe)  Allies win war over in Europe

25 War Ends in the Pacific February 1945 = Iwo Jima  750 miles south of Japan  7,000 Americans dead  20,000 Japanese dead  Month long battle Battle of Okinawa  350 miles from Japan  12,000 Americans dead  100,000 Japanese dead Atomic Bomb  Used energy by splitting atoms  Began in 1939 – tested July 1945

26 War Ends in the Pacific Continued… May 1945 => FDR dies (Truman takes his place) July 26, 1945 => Allies demand that Japan surrenders August 6, 1945 => Hiroshima is bombed August 9, 1945 => Nagasaki is bombed August 15, 1945 => V-J Day (Victory over Japan) World War II now over in the Pacific

27 Effects of World War II Atlantic Charter  July 1941 => FDR and Churchill  Goals for war and peace Tehran, Iran  November 1943 => FDR, Churchill, and Stalin  Planned D-Day and future peace Yalta Conference  Goal = Postwar Europe  Created United Nations June 1945 => United Nations charter signed June 1945 => Potsdam Conference U.S.A. and USSR become world powers Conflict = Cold War


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