2Rebuilding GermanyHitler came to power in 1933 under the promise of restoring German greatness and territoryTreaty of Versailles had taken this from them after World War IHitler said Germans needed lebensraumLebensraum – living space for Germans to grow and prosperBegan the quest to give Germany more territory
3Rebuilding the Military Hitler prayed on the laziness of European leadersThey did not want to fight over German aggression or over the Germans breaking the Treaty of Versailles1935 – Britain agrees to a treaty with Germany allowing them to build submarines and other warshipsHitler claimed that he needed these to combat the spread of Communism
4German Expansion1936 – Germany sends armed forces into Rhineland and holds itSaid it was in response to Soviet-French agreementFrance and England not happy but do nothing1938 – Annexation of Austria by GermanyAnnexation – formal joining of one nation to anotherCalled the AnschlussGermany sent military in during March and no one opposed him
5German Expansion1938 – Czechoslovakia was given to Germany by British when British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain gave in to HitlerAppeasement – policy where one nation gives in to the demands of another aggressive nation to prevent a warChamberlain quote “I believe this is a peace for our time.”Deal was opposed by Churchill in Parliament
6Axis Powers UniteStarted with the Anti-Comintern Pact between Germany and Japan in 19361937 – Italy joins the Anti-Comintern PactAnti-Comintern Pact – united Germany, Japan, and Italy in an agreement to fight against the spread of CommunismOnce Italy joins – Axis Powers are formed1939 – Germany and Italy sign a military alliance pledging to fight for each other in the event of war
7Final Preparations Before War Spanish Civil War – this was used for Italy and Germany to gain an alliance with Spain1936 – Spanish Fascist Francisco Franco was supported by Germans and Italians while he was fighting against the Republicans supported by Soviet Union1939 – Franco was in control of SpainNonaggression Pact – signed in Summer of 1939 between Germany and Soviet UnionSoviets feared that France and England would not help them if attacked so they made a truce with Germany
8World War II Begins September 1, 1939 – Germany attacks Poland Used a battle tactic called blitzkriegBlitzkrieg – lightning war – emphasized speed and close coordination between planes in the air and fast-moving forces on the ground.Polish Forces had little they could do, but they did have aid of French and BritishSeptember 3, 1939 – Britain and France declare war on GermanyBecome known as the Allies
9France AttackedBegan with German invasion of Denmark and the Netherlands.Gave Germany more ports for NavyMay 10, 1940 – Germany invades FranceGermany raced through Belgium with one force which the French tried to cut offSecond force moved through the Ardennes Forest which was undefendedJune 22, 1940 – France surrenders to GermanyDunkirk was the last hold out for allied troops and they had to be rescued by British ships
10Battle of BritainBetween August and October 1940 – Germans began bombing British cities and tried to take out the British Air ForceGoal was to soften Britain for a German invasionLondon Blitz – bombing of London to terrorize the people of England began in fall of 1940Winston Churchill came to power in England in 1940 and he helped inspire the people to overcome the German attacks and held off German invasionGermany never invaded – lost many planes
11Germany Invades Soviet Union June 1941 – A frustrated Hitler has Germany break the nonaggression pact with Soviet Union and Germany invadesCaused severe losses for Soviet Troops but they never fell to GermanyBy Winter of 1941 – German troops had not reached major cities and German troops did not reach major cities – stopped German progress
12Japanese Aggression In The Pacific Japan had been attacking areas in Asia including ChinaJapan invades French IndochinaWanted the rubber, oil, and other natural resourcesU.S. banned sale of oil to Japan – goal was to slow Japanese military expansionAngered Japanese – they began to plan a way to punish U.S.They disguised their intentions with peace talks with U.S.
13Pearl Harbor Designed by General Hideki Tojo Plans called for a surprise attack of the American Naval Base in Hawaii – Pearl HarborGoal – severely damage or destroy the American Pacific Naval Fleet and keep them from being able to attack against JapanDecember 7, 1941 – attack on Pearl Harbor beginsUsed hundreds of Japanese planes launched from Japanese Air-Craft CarriersResult:Many American ships damaged or destroyedDestroyed many American planes on the groundKilled nearly 2400 Americans
14American Response to Pearl Harbor Forced a change in attitude by Americans:Many before Pearl Harbor wanted to maintain isolationism from the war overseasIsolationism – do not get involved in affairs of other nationsDid not want a huge loss of lifeStill trying to recover from Depression – did not want outside issues to damage recoveryAfter Pearl Harbor:Americans demanded vengeance against JapanThousands sign up for serviceDecember 8, 1941 – Roosevelt asks for and gets a declaration of war against Japan
15Questions 1 of 3 What is meant by Lebensraum? Why was Hitler able to rebuild his military in Germany? What was the significance of the agreement between Germany and Britain in 1935?What areas did Germany take control of before 1939?What does the term annexation mean?What is appeasement?
16Questions 2 of 3What role did the Anti-Comitern Pact play in creating the Axis Powers? Who were the Axis Powers?Who was Francisco Franco?What was the impact of the Nonaggression Pact?What event started World War II?What is blitzkrieg? Explain how it was accomplished.
17Questions 3 of 3 How long did it take Germany to conquer France? What was the Battle of Britain? What was the purpose of the London Blitz?Was the German invasion of the Soviet Union successful? Why do you feel the way you do?What American action led to Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor?What was the results of the Pearl Harbor attack?How did American attitudes change after Pearl Harbor?