Presentation on theme: "SAVE YOUR KNEES I.M. Doctor, M.D. My Office My City, State."— Presentation transcript:
SAVE YOUR KNEES I.M. Doctor, M.D. My Office My City, State
SaveYourKnees.org The information in this presentation was provided to the presenter by the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and may be modified. Endorsement of this presentation by the AAOS is not implied or inferred.
SaveYourKnees.org Save Your Knees Orthopaedics and the Bone and Joint Decade Protecting your knees
SaveYourKnees.org What is an orthopaedic surgeon? MD who specializes in treatment and health maintenance of musculoskeletal system (bones, joints, ligaments, muscles, tendons, cartilage and spine)
SaveYourKnees.org What is an orthopaedic surgeon? The expert in maintaining musculoskeletal health The expert in treating the musculoskeletal system
SaveYourKnees.org Educating an Orthopaedic Surgeon College Medical School Internship Orthopaedic Residency Fellowship (optional) 2 Years Practice TOTAL (1) 2 16 years!
SaveYourKnees.org What do orthopaedic surgeons do? Diagnose Treat Medication Physical Therapy Exercise Brace Surgery Prevent
SaveYourKnees.org Save Your Knees Your Orthopaedic Surgeon Getting You Back In The Game
SaveYourKnees.org The Knee Joint Pain or damage often caused by: Injuries Osteoarthritis
SaveYourKnees.org Save Your Knees
SaveYourKnees.org Knee Injuries Sprains Ligament (ACL, PCL, MCL, LCL) tears Meniscus tear Illustration reproduced with permission from The Body Almanac, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, 2003
SaveYourKnees.org Knee Injuries: Ligament Tear Direct blow to knee Non-contact injury, with foot plant Landing on straight leg Making abrupt stops
SaveYourKnees.org Knee Injuries: ACL Tear Normal anatomy Hyperextension Femur Anterior cruciate ligament Anterior cruciate ligament tears Patella Tibia Fibula Femur slips Illustration reproduced with permission from The Body Almanac, Rosemont, IL American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, 2003
SaveYourKnees.org Knee Injuries: ACL Tear Incidence of ACL much higher among female athletes Combination of causal factors
SaveYourKnees.org Knee Injuries: Meniscus Tear Helps knee joint carry weight, glide, and turn Twisting injury Football and other contact sports
SaveYourKnees.org When to See the Doctor Inability or decreased ability to play Locking, popping, catching Visible deformity Severe pain or giving way
SaveYourKnees.org Knee Pain: Osteoarthritis Nearly 21 million Americans age 25 and older have osteoarthritis 46 million U.S. adults report doctor-diagnosed arthritis As the U.S. population ages, these numbers are likely to increase dramatically. The number of people who have doctor-diagnosed arthritis is projected to increase to 67 million in 2030.
SaveYourKnees.org Inflammation Avoidance of Motion Increased Muscle Tightness Loss of Motion Knee Pain: Osteoarthritis
SaveYourKnees.org Treatment: Surgery Why? Alternatives Benefits and for how long?
SaveYourKnees.org Treatment: Surgery Duration of recovery? Assistance at home? How long? Disability after surgery? Physical therapy? Return to normal activity?
SaveYourKnees.org Treatment: Surgery Arthroscopy Surgical abrasion of cartilage
SaveYourKnees.org Treatment: Surgery Pre-OsteotomyPost-Osteotomy
SaveYourKnees.org Surgery: Total Joint Replacement
SaveYourKnees.org Preventing Sports Injuries Know and abide by rules Wear appropriate protective gear Know how to use equipment Never “play through pain”
SaveYourKnees.org Prevention: Exercise
SaveYourKnees.org Prevention: Exercise Strengthening exercises can help Correct positioning is critical
SaveYourKnees.org Prevention: Exercise Strengthening exercises can help Correct positioning is critical 40
SaveYourKnees.org Prevention: Warm Up Marching Walk in place Jumping jacks Mimic the sport you are about to do Warm- up:
SaveYourKnees.org Prevention: Stretching You should NOT feel pain Hold stretch 30 seconds Relax into the stretch Stretching:
SaveYourKnees.org Breathe deeply & slowly Avoid bouncing Stretch both right & left sides Prevention: Stretching
SaveYourKnees.org Prevention: Exercise DO: Include flexibility, strengthening, and aerobic exercises Exercise when you are not tired Exercise when pain and stiffness lowest Exercise when medication having greatest effect
SaveYourKnees.org Prevention: Exercise DO: Always warm-up and cool down Start slowly, progress gradually Avoid becoming chilled or overheated when exercising Use heat, cold, & other pain reducers
SaveYourKnees.org Prevention: Exercise DO: Use aids like walking sticks, braces, or canes if recommended Expect minor discomfort Use two-hour rule: No more pain two hours after exercising than before you started
SaveYourKnees.org Prevention: Exercise Talk to your physician first Consider athletic trainer or physical therapist
SaveYourKnees.org Prevention: Exercise DON’T: Do too much too soon Hold your breath while exercising Take extra medication before unless your physician suggests it
SaveYourKnees.org Too Much Exercise Consult your physician if these symptoms are present: Unusual or persistent fatigue Increased weakness Decreased range of motion Increased joint swelling Continued pain 1 hour after exercising
SaveYourKnees.org American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 6300 North River Road Rosemont, IL orthoinfo.org arthritis.org Resources saveyourknees.org
SaveYourKnees.org What are your questions and concerns? Save Your Knees
SaveYourKnees.org Save Your Knees Thank you for participating today Remember, your orthopaedic surgeon can help get you back in the game