Presentation on theme: "I.M. Doctor M.D. Office City, State COMMON WINTER INJURIES (AND HOW TO PREVENT THEM) I.M. Doctor, M.D. My Office My City, State."— Presentation transcript:
I.M. Doctor M.D. Office City, State COMMON WINTER INJURIES (AND HOW TO PREVENT THEM) I.M. Doctor, M.D. My Office My City, State
The information in this presentation was provided to the presenter by the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and may be modified. Endorsement of this presentation by the AAOS is not implied or inferred. Thank you to A. Herbert Alexander, MD for his significant contributions to the content of this presentation.
Winter Sports Injuries Orthopaedic surgeons Specific injuries What they are How they occur How to avoid them General precautions Safety gear Conditioning Instruction
What is an orthopaedic surgeon? MD who specializes in treatment and health maintenance of musculoskeletal system (bones, joints, ligaments, muscles, tendons, cartilage and spine)
What is an orthopaedic surgeon? The expert in treating the musculoskeletal system The expert in maintaining musculoskeletal health
Educating an Orthopaedic Surgeon College Medical School Internship Orthopaedic Residency Fellowship (optional) 2 Years Practice TOTAL 4 1 4 (1) 2 16 years!
What do orthopaedic surgeons do? Diagnose Treat Medication Physical Therapy Exercise Brace Surgery Prevent
Sports Injuries Common Winter Sport-Related Injuries Head injuries Shoulder dislocation or fracture Elbow injuries Hand or finger injuries Broken legs Knee injuries Ankle injuries
Head Injuries 10% of winter sport injuries are head injuries Protect your head by wearing a helmet!
Shoulder Injuries Glenoid Humeral head Reproduced with permission from Bernstein J, Blazar PE, Campbell JT, et al: Anatomy, in Bernstein J (ed): Musculoskeletal Medicine. Rosemont, IL American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, 2003
Shoulder Injuries: Dislocation Normal Dislocated
Shoulder Injuries: Acromioclavicular Dislocation AC joint Illustration Reproduced with permission from Bernstein J, Blazar PE, Campbell JT, et al: Anatomy, in Bernstein J (ed): Musculoskeletal Medicine. Rosemont, IL American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, 2003 18
Elbow Injuries: Radial Head Fracture Signs and Symptoms: Pain on the outside of the elbow Swelling in the elbow joint Difficulty in bending or straightening the elbow accompanied by pain Inability or difficulty in turning the forearm (palm up to palm down or vice versa)
Hand and Finger Injuries: Ulnar Collateral Ligament Tear “Gamekeeper’s thumb” Ski pole-related
Knee Injuries Bruises Sprains PCL MCL LCL Illustration reproduced with permission from The Body Almanac, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, 2003
Knee Injuries: ACL Injury Direct blow to knee Non-contact injury, with foot plant Landing on straight leg Making abrupt stops “Back seat” skiing
Knee Injuries: ACL Tear zInjury may require surgery zRehabilitation following surgery zReturn to sports when strength, balance, and coordination are normal
Knee Injuries: Meniscus Tear Normal meniscusTorn meniscus
Broken Legs: Tibial Fracture Common in winter sports, particularly skiing Can usually be treated without surgery