Presentation on theme: "OSTEOARTHRITIS AND YOU I.M. Doctor, M.D. My Office My City, State."— Presentation transcript:
OSTEOARTHRITIS AND YOU I.M. Doctor, M.D. My Office My City, State
2 The information in this presentation was provided to the presenter by the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and may be modified. Endorsement of this presentation by the AAOS is not implied or inferred.
3 Osteoarthritis and You Orthopaedics and the Bone and Joint Decade Osteoarthritis
4 What is an orthopaedic surgeon? MD who specializes in treatment and health maintenance of musculoskeletal system (bones, joints, ligaments, muscles, tendons, cartilage and spine)
5 What is an orthopaedic surgeon? The expert in treating the musculoskeletal system The expert in maintaining musculoskeletal health
6 Educating an Orthopaedic Surgeon College Medical School Internship Orthopaedic Residency Fellowship (optional) 2 Years Practice TOTAL 4 1 4 (1) 2 16 years!
7 What do orthopaedic surgeons do? Diagnose Treat Medication Physical Therapy Exercise Brace Surgery Prevent
8 Osteoarthritis Your Orthopaedic Surgeon Getting You Back In The Game
9 Osteoarthritis Nearly 27 million Americans age 25 and older have osteoarthritis 46 million U.S. adults report doctor-diagnosed arthritis As the U.S. population ages, these numbers are likely to increase dramatically. People who have doctor-diagnosed arthritis is projected to increase to 67 million in 2030.
10 Bone Fibrous capsule Joint space filled with synovial fluid Articular cartilage Synovial membrane Synovial Joints
32 Exercise Strengthening exercises can help Correct positioning is critical 32
33 Exercise Dos Include flexibility, strengthening, and aerobic exercises Exercise when pain and stiffness lowest Exercise when you are not tired Exercise when medication having greatest effect
34 Exercise Dos Always warm-up and cool down Start slowly, progress gradually Avoid becoming chilled or overheated when exercising Use heat, cold, & other pain reducers
35 Exercise Dos Use aids like walking sticks or canes if needed Expect minor discomfort Use two-hour rule: No more pain two hours after exercising than before you started
36 Exercise Dos Talk to your doctor first Consider athletic trainer or physical therapist
37 Exercise Donts Do too much too soon Hold your breath while exercising Take extra medication before unless your orthopaedic surgeon suggests it
38 Heat & Ice Moist Heat Towels, hot packs, bath, or shower 15-20 minutes 3 times each day
39 Heat & Ice Cold Therapy Ice packs 10-15 minutes at a time
40 Too Much Exercise Consult your doctor if these symptoms are present: Unusual or persistent fatigue Increased weakness Decreased range of motion Increased joint swelling Continued pain 1 hour after exercising
41 Asking Questions About Surgery Why? Alternatives Benefits and for how long?
42 Asking Questions About Surgery Duration of recovery? Assistance at home? How long? Disability after surgery? Physical therapy? Return to normal activity?
43 Surgery Arthroscopy Surgical abrasion of cartilage
49 AAOS Research Agenda Developed a summary of common OA research questions Moving beyond drug testing and surgical outcomes
50 AAOS Research Agenda 1) Inflammatory response & OA disease 2) Important risk factors 3) Genes that trigger OA 4) Impact of improved implant design 5) Biological & mechanical factors that influence OA
51 OA Knee Research Agenda 6) Cartilage cell transplantation & other soft tissue grafts 7) Impact of standardized criteria for diagnosis 8) Exploration of factors that account for high incidence rates 9) Societal impact of OA 10) Activity and exercise levels and OA
52 Osteoarthritis If you are experiencing chronic or recurring pain, stiffness, or swelling around a joint, consult your physician Your orthopaedic surgeon can determine what type of arthritis you have and make treatment recommendations