4Knee SprainsSprain-Ligament stretching or tearingGrade-one sprains stretch the ligament but don't tear the fibersGrade-two sprains partially tear the fibers, but the ligament remains intactGrade-three sprains are tears that completely disrupt the ligament
5The Anterior Cruciate Ligament and the Posterior Cruciate Ligament ACL- located internally in the front of the knee , prevents the knee from sliding forwardPCL- located behind the knee and forms an "X" on the inside of the knee and prevent the knee from sliding backwardSigns and Symptoms of injury:Swelling in the knee occurs within minutesAthlete may be in mild to severe painWalking is difficultTreatment:See your Athletic Trainer or Orthopedic DoctorLong-term treatment may require surgery and significant physical therapy rehabilitationRecovery usually takes average of 6 monthsFull function, mobility, strength and comfort typically return at about 1 year
6The Medial Cruciate Ligament and the Lateral Cruciate Ligament MCL- ligament on the inside of the knee, prevents knee from sliding side to sideLCL- ligament located on the outside of the knee, prevents knee from sliding side to side
7Possible Injuries: Torn LCL Treatment:-See your Athletic Trainer or Orthopedic Doctor-Rest-Wear a range of motion restricted braceIceElevateSurgery may be requiredRehabiliation-Program will be created by Physical Therapist or Athletic Trainer-Depending on level of sprain, recovery may take 2 weeks to several months-A LCL tears when stress is placed on the inside of the kneeEx. Kicked from medial (inside) of knee-The picture above shows a hit to the inside of the knee.
8The Meniscus-Meniscus: Functions as a cushion between bonesThe cartilage of the knee can be acutely injured or can gradually tear.Signs and Symptoms:Pain with walking up/down inclines“Giving away” of the kneeSwelling occurs gradually over many hoursSee Athletic Trainer or Orthopedic Doctor for full evaluation
9Patellar (Knee Cap) Injuries The kneecap sits within the tendon of the quadriceps muscle, in front of the femur, just above the knee joint.It is held in place by the quadriceps muscles- The patella typically subluxates/dislocates laterally (toward the outside of the knee).Dislocations are returned to the normal position by straightening out the kneeSee your Athletic Trainer or Orthopedic Doctor for full evaluationRehabilitation will be needed
10BursaeBursa- fluid-filled sac that reduces friction between muscles, tendons and bonesInflammation of the bursas (bursitis) can occur because of direct blows, chronic use and/or abuse.Rehab-See your Athletic Trainer or Orthopedic Doctor-Avoiding aggravating movements such as kneeling-Wear knee pads-If the swelling persists, a medical professional may drain the fluid within or around the bursa.-In cases where the bursa has become infected, antibiotics may be prescribed-In more serious cases the bursa may be completely removed by surgical procedures.