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 Bones: › Femur › Tibia › Fibula › Patella  Menisci › Medial Meniscus › Lateral Meniscus  Ligaments: › MCL- Medial Collateral Ligament › LCL- Lateral.

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Presentation on theme: " Bones: › Femur › Tibia › Fibula › Patella  Menisci › Medial Meniscus › Lateral Meniscus  Ligaments: › MCL- Medial Collateral Ligament › LCL- Lateral."— Presentation transcript:

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3  Bones: › Femur › Tibia › Fibula › Patella  Menisci › Medial Meniscus › Lateral Meniscus  Ligaments: › MCL- Medial Collateral Ligament › LCL- Lateral Collateral Ligament › ACL- Anterior Cruciate Ligament › PCL- Posterior Cruciate Ligament LCL MCL ACLPCL Medial Meniscus Lateral Meniscus

4  Sprain- Ligament stretching or tearing  Grade-one sprains stretch the ligament but don't tear the fibers  Grade-two sprains partially tear the fibers, but the ligament remains intact  Grade-three sprains are tears that completely disrupt the ligament

5 o ACL- located internally in the front of the knee, prevents the knee from sliding forward o PCL- located behind the knee and forms an "X" on the inside of the knee and prevent the knee from sliding backward o Signs and Symptoms of injury: o Swelling in the knee occurs within minutes o Athlete may be in mild to severe pain o Walking is difficult o Treatment: o See your Athletic Trainer or Orthopedic Doctor o Long-term treatment may require surgery and significant physical therapy rehabilitation o Recovery usually takes average of 6 months o Full function, mobility, strength and comfort typically return at about 1 year

6  MCL- ligament on the inside of the knee, prevents knee from sliding side to side  LCL- ligament located on the outside of the knee, prevents knee from sliding side to side

7 -A LCL tears when stress is placed on the inside of the knee Ex. Kicked from medial (inside) of knee -The picture above shows a hit to the inside of the knee. Treatment: -See your Athletic Trainer or Orthopedic Doctor -Rest -Wear a range of motion restricted brace -Ice -Elevate -Surgery may be required Rehabiliation -Program will be created by Physical Therapist or Athletic Trainer -Depending on level of sprain, recovery may take 2 weeks to several months

8 - Meniscus: Functions as a cushion between bones - The cartilage of the knee can be acutely injured or can gradually tear. - Signs and Symptoms: - Pain with walking up/down inclines - “Giving away” of the knee - Swelling occurs gradually over many hours - See Athletic Trainer or Orthopedic Doctor for full evaluation

9  The kneecap sits within the tendon of the quadriceps muscle, in front of the femur, just above the knee joint.  It is held in place by the quadriceps muscles  - The patella typically subluxates/dislocates laterally (toward the outside of the knee). › Dislocations are returned to the normal position by straightening out the knee › See your Athletic Trainer or Orthopedic Doctor for full evaluation › Rehabilitation will be needed

10  Bursa- fluid-filled sac that reduces friction between muscles, tendons and bones  Inflammation of the bursas (bursitis) can occur because of direct blows, chronic use and/or abuse. Rehab -See your Athletic Trainer or Orthopedic Doctor -Avoiding aggravating movements such as kneeling -Wear knee pads -If the swelling persists, a medical professional may drain the fluid within or around the bursa. -In cases where the bursa has become infected, antibiotics may be prescribed -In more serious cases the bursa may be completely removed by surgical procedures.

11  http://www.emedicinehealth.com/knee_injury/article_em.htm  http://holidayparkphysicalrehabilitation.patientsites.com/Injuries- Conditions/Knee/Surgery/Posterior-Cruciate-Ligament- Injuries/a~355/article.html  http://www.nlm.nih.gov?medlineplus/ency/imagepages?18003/htm


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