12Preferred TreatmentNon Surgical: Activity Modification, Rehabilitation, BracingSurgical: Reconstruction of LigamentGoals of Surgery: Restore normal knee stability and function. Delay onset of degenerative arthritisJames M. Farmer M.D.
13Patellofemoral Pain Pain originating from behind the knee cap Very common conditionExact cause unknown (likely many)Signs and SxAching pain along front of kneeWorse with sitting, stairs and squattingGiving way and bucklingJames M. Farmer M.D.
15Preferred Treatment Non Surgical!!! Surgery Activity modification Physical TherapyTaping, Bracing, OrthoticsInjectionsSurgeryNot many “Good” optionsArthroscopy, Osteotomy, Resurfacing, ArthroplastyJames M. Farmer M.D.
16Iliotibial Band Syndrome Caused by tight ITB rubbing over lateral epicondyle of femur when running.Signs and SxSharp pain over lateral knee when running or cyclingOccassional swellingJames M. Farmer M.D.
21Preferred Treatment Non Surgical: Surgical: Acute: Immobilization, Rest, Ice, RehabChronic: Rehab, MedsSurgical:Arthroscopic stabilization as effective as open proceduresRepair bankart lesion, tighten capsuleJames M. Farmer M.D.
22A-C SeparationSprain of joint between collar bone and shoulder blade at tip of shoulderMechanism: Fall onto tip of shoulderSigns and SxPainDeformityJames M. Farmer M.D.
24Preferred Treatment Grades 1 & 2: Non Surgical Grades 4-6: Surgical Grade 3: DebatableNon Surgical: Adequate for mostRest acutely then resume activitiesSurgical: Primarily for overhead athletes and militaryAcute: reduce and stabilize jointChronic: Reconstruct ligamentsJames M. Farmer M.D.
25SLAP Lesion & Biceps Rupture Injuries to Biceps tendon origin in the shoulderMechanism: Acute: sudden pull on arm. Chronic: Degenerative, overuseSigns and SxPain reaching upward with palmWeaknessPossible deformity if rupturedJames M. Farmer M.D.
26SLAP Lesion & Biceps Rupture James M. Farmer M.D.
27SLAP Lesion & Biceps Rupture Popeye DeformityJohn Elway won 2 Super Bowls AFTER Biceps rupture!James M. Farmer M.D.
28Preferred Treatment Non Surgical: Surgical: Activity modification Physical TherapySurgical:Repair of tendon attachmentRelease tendonRelocate tendonJames M. Farmer M.D.
29Rotator Cuff Tear Continuum from Impingement to Complete Tear Mechanism: Acute: trauma. Chronic: degeneration with age due to poor blood supply to tendonSigns and SxPain reaching overheadPain sleepingWeakness and dysfunctionJames M. Farmer M.D.
31Preferred Treatment Non Surgical: Surgical: Activity modification Physical TherapyInjectionsSurgical:Arthroscopic or Open repair of tendon and removal of bone spursShoulder replacementJames M. Farmer M.D.