Presentation on theme: "1 Living With Arthritis I.M. Doctor, M.D. My Office My City, State."— Presentation transcript:
1 Living With Arthritis I.M. Doctor, M.D. My Office My City, State
2 The information in this presentation was provided to the presenter by the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and may be modified. Endorsement of this presentation by the AAOS is not implied or inferred.
3 Living With Arthritis Orthopaedics and the Bone and Joint Decade Arthritis Different Forms Causes and Risks Treatment Options Managing Arthritis
4 MD who specializes in treatment and health maintenance of the musculoskeletal system (bones, joints, ligaments, muscles, tendons, cartilage and spine) What is an orthopaedic surgeon?
5 The expert in treating the musculoskeletal system The expert in maintaining musculoskeletal health
6 Educating an Orthopaedic Surgeon College Medical School Internship Orthopaedic Residency Fellowship (optional) 2 Years Practice TOTAL (1) 2 16 years!
7 What do orthopaedic surgeons do? Diagnose Treat Non-surgical Medication Physical Therapy Exercise Bracing Surgical Prevention
9 Why Musculoskeletal Problems? Musculoskeletal conditions affect hundreds of millions of people Account for half of all chronic conditions in people over 50
10 Why Musculoskeletal Problems? Goals: To improve quality of life for sufferers To enhance education and advance treatment through research
12 Part of AAOS commitment to Bone and Joint Decade Resource for physicians and clinicians Focus on conditions with greatest burden/cost to society Improving Musculoskeletal Care in America (IMCA)
13 Living With Arthritis Your Orthopaedic Surgeon Getting You Back In The Game
14 Bone Fibrous capsule Joint space filled with synovial fluid Articular cartilage Synovial membrane Joints Ligament
15 Pain Avoidance of Motion Increased Muscle Tightness Loss of Motion Joint Inflammation
16 Arthritis 21% of the U.S. population aged 18 or older have arthritis The percentage grows higher with age 67 million, or 25 percent of the adult population, will have arthritis in 2030.
17 Symptoms Weakness in the muscles Tenderness to touch the joint Limited ability to move the joint Pain or swelling in single or multiple joints A grating feeling or sound with movement Pain when pressure is placed on the joint or the joint is moved
18 Diagnosis Arthritic kneeHealthy knee
19 Diagnosis Before your appointment: Prepare to describe your symptoms Gather medical history Make list of medications Write down questions and concerns
20 Diagnosis During Your Appointment 1.What should I expect from my treatment? 2.What effect will my treatment have on my daily activities? 3.What can I do to prevent further disability? AAOS site: orthoinfo.org
21 Diagnosis Location, duration, & character of symptoms Appearance of joints Results of clinical diagnosis tools
40 Exercise Strengthening exercises can help Correct positioning is critical 40
41 Exercise Include flexibility, strengthening, and aerobic exercises Exercise when pain and stiffness lowest Exercise when you are not tired Exercise when medication having greatest effect DO:
42 Exercise Always warm up and cool down Start slowly, progress gradually Avoid becoming chilled or overheated Use heat, cold, and other pain reducers DO:
43 Exercise Use aids like walking sticks or canes if needed Always use any braces or supports recommended by your physician or trainer Expect minor discomfort Use two-hour rule: No more pain two hours after exercising than before you started DO:
44 Exercise Talk to your physician first Consider athletic trainer or physical therapist DO:
45 Exercise Do too much too soon Hold your breath while exercising Take extra medication before unless your physician directs you otherwise DONT:
46 Exercise Unusual or persistent fatigue Increased weakness Decreased range of motion Increased joint swelling Pain that lasts an hour after exercising Consult your doctor if these symptoms are present: