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The Christian Basilica Oct. 4, 2011. Introduction The Christian Basilica : A Building Type.

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Presentation on theme: "The Christian Basilica Oct. 4, 2011. Introduction The Christian Basilica : A Building Type."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Christian Basilica Oct. 4, 2011

2 Introduction The Christian Basilica : A Building Type

3 Old St. Peters, Rome, begun c

4 Trinity Church Wall St. NYC, 1846 Trinity Church, Newport RI, 1725

5 Parthenon, Athens Greece, B.C.E. Callicrates, Ictinus and Phidias

6 Pantheon, Rome, c

7 Icon of Christ, Monastery of St. Catherine, Sinai, Egypt, 6 th century CE

8

9

10 Dura Europos, Christian Baptistery, before 256 C.E.

11 I. Origin of the Christian Basilica

12 Old St. Peters, Rome, begun c

13 Emperor Constantine Ruled Edict of Milan, 313 legalized Christianity Built churches in Rome, and on sites associated with Christ in Judea Founded Constantinople, (Byzantium, Istanbul), 330

14 Arch of Constantine, Rome

15 Old St. Peters, Rome, begun c

16

17 St. Peter’s Rome, 1505 and later

18 Forum of Trajan, Rome, Plan of Old St. Peter’s church, c. 320

19 Basilica Ulpia, Forum of Trajan, Rome, Plan of Old St. Peter’s church, c. 320

20

21 Domes of the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem, 326

22 First century grave within the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem

23 Church of the Holy Sepulcher, plan and reconstruction of the Constantinian church, ca. 325

24 Santa Maria Maggiore, Rome Italy, ca C.E.

25 II. The Romanesque Monastic Church

26 Saint-Sernin, Toulouse, c Old St. Peter’s church, c. 320

27 Santa Sabina, Rome, Saint-Sernin, Toulouse, c

28

29 Plan, Saint-Sernin, Toulouse, c East end with radiating chapels, Saint-Sernin, Toulouse, c

30 Saint-Sernin, Toulouse, c Saint Foy, reliquary statue, 10 th -11 th century

31

32 Plan of the monastery of St. Gall, Switzerland, c. 820

33 Reconstructed view from the plan of the Monastery of St. Gall, from David Talbot Rice (Ed.), The Dark Ages, The Making of European Civilization, London 1965

34 Cluny--Cluniac Fontenay-Cistercian

35 Remains of Cluny III,

36 Berzé-la-Ville, wall painting Saint Peter from Cluny

37 Fontenay, Monastery Church,

38

39

40 III. The Gothic Cathedral

41 Notre Dame, Amiens, c

42

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44 Old St. Peter’s church, c. 320

45 Saint-Sernin, Toulouse, c

46 East end, St. Eitenne, Beauvais, and after 1284 East end with radiating chapels, Saint- Sernin, Toulouse, c

47 Gothic Characteristics Ribbed groin vaulting Flying butttresses Pointed (broken) arches Continuous membering Stained glass, diaphanous wall

48 Notre Dame, Chartres,

49 View of the vaults, Notre Dame, Amiens, c

50 Ribbed groin vault

51 Notre Dame, Chartres,

52

53 Section of the choir, Notre Dame, Amiens,

54

55 Notre Dame, Amiens, c

56 Stained glass, Notre Dame, Reims,

57 Window with Virgin and Child, Notre Dame Chartres, c. 1230

58 Old St. Peter’s church, c. 320


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