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What Do I Turn in before Midterm? The best drawings you have from each section: Shading - pedestals, single or multi-day still lives Self portrait.

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Presentation on theme: "What Do I Turn in before Midterm? The best drawings you have from each section: Shading - pedestals, single or multi-day still lives Self portrait."— Presentation transcript:

1 What Do I Turn in before Midterm? The best drawings you have from each section: Shading - pedestals, single or multi-day still lives Self portrait

2 Where Have We Been? Prehistoric Egyptian Mesopotamian (near-eastern) Greek Roman Early Christian / Byzantine / Middle Ages Romanesque Gothic

3 The Romanesque Period

4 The “Romanesque” Period ( ) Tremendous creative explosion –Church reasserts itself Crusades begin in 1095 –Return of urban life –Economic reform –Barbarians settle down (convert) “Romanesque” –Architectural forms and cultural atmosphere reminiscent of the Roman Empire

5 What’s so Roman about it? Apse Colonnade Aisle Nave Atrium Narthex The Basilica St. Sernin, Toulouse ( ) Early Christian Basilica

6 What’s so Roman about it? Ribbed Groin Vault The Barrel VaultThe Groin Vault Apse Colonnade Aisle Nave Atrium Narthex The Basilica St. Sernin, Toulouse ( )

7 The Transept and Westwork Westwork - St. Etienne, Caen (1068) Apse Colonnade Aisle Nave Atrium Narthex The Basilica St. Sernin, Toulouse ( ) Transept

8 Interiors Durham Cathedral ( )St. Savin-sur-Gartempe

9 Pisa Cathedral and Campanile 11thC-12thC

10 Architectural Sculpture Designed to put the “Fear of God” into you Like manuscript illuminations in three dimensions St. PaulSouth Portal, St. Pierre, Moissac (early 1100’s)Jeremiah

11 The Tympaneum Popular themes –Christ Enthroned– The Last Judgement South Portal, Moissac Abbey of Mary Magdalene, Vezelay

12 Christ Enthroned The Mission of the Apostles – Vezelay

13 The Last Judgement The Weighing of Souls – Autun Cathedral ( )

14 Gothic Art and Architecture

15 The Gothic Period

16 The Age of Faith

17 The Gothic Period The Age of Faith “The Age of the Great Cathedrals” –( )

18 The Gothic Period The Age of Faith “The Age of the Great Cathedrals” –( ) The Age of Chivalry

19 Abbot Suger The inventor of the “Gothic” style ( ) –Abbot of royal Abbey Church of St.-Denis –Advisor to Louis VI Combined several things to produce change –Political power –Religious zeal –Civic pride New philosophy about art and architecture “We can only appreciate beauty and truth by first being able to appreciate beautiful works of art.” “The dull mind rises to truth through that which is beautiful.”

20 Notre Dame Paris (1163ff) Nave, looking toward apse Verticality “Miraculous” light Stained glass Note: Pointed Arch

21 Notre Dame “God as the Ultimate Mathematician” Geometry Beauty Harmony Balance Flying buttresses!

22 Geometry Beauty Harmony Balance Flying buttresses! Notre Dame “God as the Ultimate Mathematician”

23 Autun Cathedral (1120ff) Amiens Cathedral (1220ff) 100 Years “Gothic” “High Gothic”

24 San Chapelle, Paris ( )

25 Milan Cathedral, Italy (1386 ff) “Flamboyant Gothic”

26 Gothic Sculpture Jamb sculptures Chartres Cathedral (1205) Romanesque

27 Realism Dignity Serenity Elegance Pathos Classicism Gothic Sculpture Jamb sculptures Chartres Cathedral (1205)

28 Gothic Sculpture Jamb sculptures Chartres Cathedral (1205) Realism Dignity Serenity Elegance Pathos Classicism

29 Moses Well, by Claus Sluter Detail, sculpture by Giovanni Pisano

30 The Return of Painting! Return to fresco, panel painting (encaustic), and murals Flourishes first in Italy NEW MEDIA: –Tempera: Pigment is suspended in egg yolk and water. Applied to a wood panel with an underpainting of gold leaf covered with green or brown Combines: –Byzantine style with classical Greek and Roman

31 Duccio (1255/ /18) Egg Tempera Christ Entering Jerusalem Annunciation

32 Giotto (1267?-1336/7) “The Father of Modern Painting” Jesus’ Entry into Jerusalem Fresco/Composition! Resurrection of Lazarus

33 Giotto – Madonna Enthroned Gentile da Fabriano - Nativity Note: treatment of light “Chiaroscuro” (light and shade)

34 Contrast with Byzantine Icons Vladimir Virgin, Russian Madonna Enthroned late 1200’s

35 Manuscript Illumination The Limbourg Brothers February The Book of Hours

36 Thursday: Midterm review session Meet here at 1:30


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