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ABSOLUTISM. BELL WORK 1.Who is in the painting? 1.What is in the background? 1.What does this painting convey? What is its message?

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Presentation on theme: "ABSOLUTISM. BELL WORK 1.Who is in the painting? 1.What is in the background? 1.What does this painting convey? What is its message?"— Presentation transcript:

1 ABSOLUTISM

2 BELL WORK 1.Who is in the painting? 1.What is in the background? 1.What does this painting convey? What is its message?

3 DIRECTIONS Our goal is to create a definition of Absolutism by looking at several historical examples Read through the examples of absolutism Fill in the graphic organizer to help you keep track of ideas If you finish early – move on to the second worksheet and find 4 similarities and 4 differences between your examples

4 DIRECTIONS: WITH A PARTNER… 1.Which 3 of these similarities do you think is most important? 2.Using these examples create a definition for the term Absolutism with your partner Prepare to share

5 ASSIGNMENT Read through the examples you have been given Decide whether or not they are examples of Absolutism If they are NOT examples of Absolutism, how would they need to change to fit the definition? Hand in when finished

6 LOUIS XIV ONLINE TOUR OF VERSAILLES

7 BELL WORK Have you finished listing the 3 critical attributes of Absolutism and created a definition for the label? Prepare to share your attributes and definitions Todays Agenda Finish Absolutism Packet Online exploration of Versailles and Louis XIV Assignment: Finish Absolutism Packet And The Age of Absolutism in France Worksheet Get it?? HAPPY FRIDAY!!

8 ABSOLUTISM IN FRANCE The Age of Absolutism in France - Complete steps 1-4 You may use other websites for step 3 AND your textbook Due by the end of the hour Absolutism Packet Due Tuesday**

9 5 EXAMPLES OF ABSOLUTISM

10 BELL WORK Have you finished your Absolutism Packet? Please grab a Map of Europe Sheet from the front of the room. Sort of…

11 WHERE IN THE WORLD ARE WE? We will fill out this new world map as we go 1.Spain 2.France 3.England 4.Austria and Prussia 5.Russia

12 TODAYS FOCUS Spain and France Spain France

13 ABSOLUTISM IN SPAIN Charles V Where have you heard this name before?? Two Crowns Hapsburg Empire (including Holy Roman Empire) and Spain Difficult for Charles to manage Ottoman attacks Reformation and German Princes Resigns in 1556 Divides empire Central Europe – Ferdinand (bro) Spain (and overseas colonies), Netherlands, S. Italy – Philip II (son)

14 PHILIP II: Goals Expand Spanish empire Strengthen Catholic Church Make his power ABSOLUTE Resources Silver from colonies in America Personality – focused and serious Somber isolated palace Military power Claim to power Divine Right = His authority to rule came directly from God (Everyone MUST be Catholic) Inquisition used against protestants

15 PHILIP II: Spains Golden Age Art, literature, science and math El Greco Cervantes and Don Quixote

16 FAILURES Religious War Netherlands revolt 1560s-1580s Protestant rebels – faith, taxes, inquisition 1581 Dutch Netherlands England Elizabeth I is Protestant Enemy #1 Francis Drake and Sea Dogs 1588 Spanish Armada Economic Decline Weak heirs, high taxes, expulsion of Muslims and Jews, inflation

17 FRANCE AND ABSOLUTISM Henry IV: Tries to rebuild France Edict of Nantes: Catholic country with tolerance for Protestants Reduced power of nobles Expanded monarchys power into all areas of life Roads, bridges, money to farmers for agriculture Assassinated 1610 Son Lious XIII (9 yrs old!) Cardinal Armand Richelieu A chicken in every pot

18 CARDINAL ARMAND RICHELIEU Chief Minister to Louis XIII Destroy the Huguenots and nobles – Why? Defeated their militaries, tore down walled cities Defeated the nobles military and fortified castles Kept Protestants calm by still allowing them to practice their religion Kept nobles tied to the king by giving them high posts at court or in the royal army

19 LOUIS XIV, THE SUN KING: King at 4 - Chief Minister Jules Mazarin Fronde Nobles, merchants, peasants, urban poor revolted Driven out of his palace Mazarin dies 1661 Louis shocks everyone by taking over What does this quote tell you about Louis XIV? Gods power is felt in an instant from one end of the world to the other; royal power takes the same time to act throughout the kingdom. It preserves the order of the whole kingdom, as does God with the whole world. Louis XIV Divine Right Sun Emblem center of the solar system/center of the nation

20 LOUIS XIV, THE SUN KING: Strengthening royal power Attends to gov. affairs himself Never convenes the Estates General Appointed intendants (royal officials) Taxes, recruited soldiers, carry out policies Middle class wealthy men Strengthens Army State paid, fed, trained, supplied 300,000 soldiers Colbert and the Economy Bases economy on luxury items Expands agriculture, mining Taxes foreign goods Expands colonies in Americas What about the nobility? Versailles and the Levee My dominant passion is certainly love of glory.

21 BELL WORK: CAN YOU SOLVE THE RIDDLE? The following sentences have two blanks that can be filled with two words that are anagrams of each other. Please find those words. 1. Mark's math __________ was a mild-mannered man. But one thing he would not tolerate was a __________. He would immediately fail anyone caught doing so. 2. The patient __________ his pain through physical therapy. He had seen enough __________ surgeries to know that too many people elected surgery when they shouldn't have. 3. After a long and successful career of serving his country, the nation was in shock as the highly regarded __________ was arrested and tried for __________.

22 FAILURES Expensive wars with little gain Louis XIV wants to expand but other nations band together to stop him from taking over Balance of Power War of Spanish Succession Edict of Nantes Revoked ,000+ Huguenots fled –economy His heir (Great Grandson Louis XV) France is weakened economically = wars and bad harvests Louis XV focused on partying – country falls apart After us, the deluge

23 ASSIGNMENT Please compare and contrast the reigns of Philip II of Spain and Louis XIV of France using the Venn Diagram

24 PARLIAMENT AND ENGLAND

25 TODAYS FOCUS Britain

26 DIRECTIONS Complete the Venn Diagram Read p and complete the worksheet – Due tomorrow

27 BELL WORK: Please take out your assignment from yesterday (p ) for a work check. Riddle: I can be straight or not I can be flat or round I have three layers The rounder I am – the straighter I am I can be a persons trademark I can be chemically challenged What am I? Todays Agenda -Correct Worksheet -Video on England and Parliament

28 AUSTRIA, PRUSSIA AND THE 30 YEARS WAR

29 BELL WORK Todays Agenda -Finish Cromwell/Parliament Video -Notes on the 30 years war Austria/Prussia -Compare nations graphic organizer

30 TODAYS FOCUS Austria and Prussia? p. 428

31 PEACE OF AUGSBURG LEADS TO…. The Holy Roman Emperor has no real control over German Princes The Princes argue over which of them has control North Protestant South Catholic = The Thirty Years War

32 QUICK FACTS: THIRTY YEARS WAR Political and religious causes Begins in Bohemia: Ferdinand (Hapsburg King) tries to suppress Protestants and take control Defenestration of Prague – Protestant Noblemen open a window Revolt ends up Involving almost all of Europe 1 year later Ferdinand is elected Holy Roman Emperor Catholic nations fight with F against Protestant countries Protestant nations (Netherlands, Sweden etc.) ban together to fight Ferdinand As time drags on… Religious based alliances are exchanged for political ones Protestant and catholic leaders fight together to get the territories they want

33 WHAT DOES THIS QUOTE TELL YOU ABOUT THE FIGHTING? for one of the peasants they had taken they thrust into the baking oven and there lit a fire under him,… as for another, they put a cord around his head and twisted it so tight with a piece of wood that the blood gushed from his mount and nose and ears. In a word each had his own device to torture the peasants. -Jacob von Grimmelshausen An estimated 1/3 of Germans Die

34 PEACE OF WESTPHALIA Ends conflict Redraws map of Europe France gains territory Holy Roman Empire is greatly weakened Hapsburgs are forced to accept independence of all princes in the Holy Roman Empire Germany is divided into 360 separate states Recognize HRE as leader but each has their own coin, government, church, military Netherlands and Switzerland are now independent states

35 ASSIGNMENT Map on p. 428 – How can you tell from the map that the Holy Roman Empire was not a strong state after the Thirty Years War? Read pages and fill in your Absolutism Graphic Organizer for Austria and Prussia If you have time begin filling in information for the other nations that we have covered so far

36 EXTRA SLIDES

37 ABSOLUTISM TIMELINE [ ] Phillip II Spain Louis XIV France 1603 Stuart monarchy begins Cromwell and Commonwealth 1660 Stuart King returns to England 1698 English Bill of Rights Limited Monarchy in England 1740 Frederick of Prussia challenges Austria Peter the Great And Catherine the Great Russia Maria Theresa in Austria

38 ABSOLUTISM TIMELINE [ ] Phillip II Spain Louis XIV France 1603 Stuart monarchy begins Cromwell and Commonwealth 1660 Stuart King returns to England 1698 English Bill of Rights Limited Monarchy in England

39 ABSOLUTISM TIMELINE [ ]


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