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Presentation on theme: "ABSOLUTISM or ABSOLUTE MONARCHY"— Presentation transcript:

Power was not limited by having to consult w/t nobles, common ppl, or their representatives Thus, claims Divine Right, which is: ____________________ “Power ________; Absolute Power ________ absolutely!” Absolutism in Europe maps

2 The BOURBONS Absolute rulers of France
Henry IV ( ), 1st Bourbon converted to Catholicism “Edict of Nantes” disciplined the military improved infrastructure ended “tax farming” ended the power o/t nobility

3 Cardinal Richelieu (1624-1642)
Henry IV son, Louis XIII began rule at age 12 Marie de Medici chose Cardinal Richelieu as his chief minister “king is supreme is France, France is supreme iN Europe” destroy power o/t nobility end independence o/t Huguenots Encourage trade & industry Reduce power of Spain & Austrian HASBURGS Created the “intendant system”

4 The Thirty Years War (1618-1648)
Richelieu’s policy to destroy the Habsburgs Power grab in Europe Catholics v. Protestants Holy Roman Emperor v. 300 German princes Began in Prague in 1618 Mainly in Germany 1648 Treaty of Westphalia

5 Treaty of Westphalia (1648)
ended the 30 Years War Habsburgs greatly weakened extended empire east Austria, Bohemia, Hungary centered along t/ Danube R. Netherlands and Switzerland gain independence German princes independent o/t Holy Roman emperor The Fronde “sling” Nobles and peasants weak attempt to end France’s absolutism

6 The Sun King (1643-1715) King Louis XIV Built the palace at Versailles
72 year reign Built the palace at Versailles moved the gov’t greatly strained France’s economy Emphasized the grandeur & power of France “divine right of kings” L’etat, c’est moi” (I am the state) European nobility adopted the language & customs of France


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