Presentation on theme: "Chapter 14 Absolutism Miss Mayer. Absolutism Absolutism - System in which the ruler holds total power. “Absolute power corrupts absolutely” -Lord Acton."— Presentation transcript:
Absolutism Absolutism - System in which the ruler holds total power. “Absolute power corrupts absolutely” -Lord Acton Idea that one person has total control over people or a country
Absolutism –Idea that Kings have Divine Rights. (Total Power) Divine Right is that the King’s Power has been bestowed upon him from God. This person is between the common man and God. –Make laws, levy taxes, administer justice, control all aspects of Government
Absolutism Absolutism in Europe –Prussia and Austria are now great European powers after Thirty Years War –Prussia – Frederick William the Great Elector –Austria- Hapsburgs
People Review: Philip II, Elizabeth I, Henry IV Cardinal Richelieu Louis XIV – Sun King Ivan IV – Ivan the Terrible Peter the Great
14.1 Review King Phillip II- –Spain –Catholic –War with Dutch due to religious conflict Queen Elizabeth- England Protestant Church and State Defeat of Spanish Armada Henry of Navarre France Hugenot but converted to Catholicism Religious tolerance (Edict of Nantes)
Cardinal Richelieu –Louis XIII’s chief minister –Helped strengthen total power for King –Took power away from Huguenots who threatened King’s power
Louis XIV –Took over supreme power when Cardinal Mazarin dies in 1661 –Took control over all Government Established Royal Court –Named himself the Sun King- Light of all of his people –Had no intention or desire to share power with nobles or princes –Died surrounded by enemies and the country in debt.