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Amsterdam Airport Schiphol 1 Ludo W. van Meeuwen 1,3, Saskia Brand-Gruwel 1, Jeroen J.G. van Merriënboer 1,2, & Jeano J.P.R. de Bock 3 1 Open University.

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Presentation on theme: "Amsterdam Airport Schiphol 1 Ludo W. van Meeuwen 1,3, Saskia Brand-Gruwel 1, Jeroen J.G. van Merriënboer 1,2, & Jeano J.P.R. de Bock 3 1 Open University."— Presentation transcript:

1 Amsterdam Airport Schiphol 1 Ludo W. van Meeuwen 1,3, Saskia Brand-Gruwel 1, Jeroen J.G. van Merriënboer 1,2, & Jeano J.P.R. de Bock 3 1 Open University of the Netherlands, 2 Maastricht University, The Netherlands, 3 Air Traffic Control The Netherlands Lund, May Self-directed Learning Skills in Air- traffic control

2 Amsterdam Airport Schiphol 2 Presentation Introduction –ATC –ATC-training Self-directed Learning Experiment Future experiments

3 Amsterdam Airport Schiphol 3 Casus Workload Management Tom ATC-Trainee

4 Amsterdam Airport Schiphol 4 1:Safe (5 NM or 1000 Ft.) 2:Efficient 3:Environmentally aware 1:Flight level (FL) 2:Heading 3:Speed

5 Amsterdam Airport Schiphol 5 Mental picture Chuncking

6 Amsterdam Airport Schiphol 6 Mental picture Chuncking Decision of order

7 Amsterdam Airport Schiphol 7 Mental picture Chuncking Decision of order R/T, Labeling…

8 Amsterdam Airport Schiphol 8 Adaptive training Need, adaptive training ATC Individual Task selection Drop-out Individual learning need Cognitive complex Tehnological change Current situation

9 Amsterdam Airport Schiphol 9 SDL / SRL

10 Amsterdam Airport Schiphol 10 Problems/Questions Offline measurement Thinking aloud CRR Can we measure SRL with use of CRR? Does CRR to foster SRL/self assessment?

11 Amsterdam Airport Schiphol 11 Eye-tracking SRL ATC Task Self- Assessment Task Selection Cued Retrospective Report Adjust Task- Selection Adjust Self- Assessment Recording of eye- movements. And performance measure for level of ATC competences by experts Measure for quality of self- assessment Measure for quality of task selection Measure for level of SRL skills Measure for quality influence of CRR on self- assessment Measure for influence of CRR on quality of task selection -Visual and audio cue -75 % speed -Recording of CRR Task Instruction List of Questions Prepare for task, information for self- efficacy judgment Questionnaire, self-efficacy

12 Amsterdam Airport Schiphol 12 Results CRR-utterances –Here, you see how I monitor this cluster of traffic (task level) –I could have chosen to decelerate this plane, but I used an other strategy… (meta-level/monitor). –Here I should have decided to change the arrival order since…(meta-level/adjustment) –This performance of me was terrible (meta-level)

13 Amsterdam Airport Schiphol 13 Results (prelim.) Regulation (task level): especially monitoring SRL (learning level): especially assessment Self-assessment 1: -4,2 (of 100) Self-assessment 2: -3,3 (of 100)

14 Amsterdam Airport Schiphol 14 Conclusion CRR is very suitable for measurement of SRL CRR seems to foster self- assessment –Increase number of participants

15 Amsterdam Airport Schiphol 15 Extension of this study Pre- measurement Post- measurement 6 weeks training, No SRL intervention 6 weeks training, with SRL intervention Expect: increase of SRL and performance

16 Amsterdam Airport Schiphol 16 Visual expertise Scanning strategies: - Experts, - Intermediates - Novices

17 Amsterdam Airport Schiphol 17 Thank you for your attention Questions? Remarks?!

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