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Development Through the Lifespan

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Presentation on theme: "Development Through the Lifespan"— Presentation transcript:

1 Development Through the Lifespan
Chapter 9 Physical and Cognitive Development in Middle Childhood This multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law. The following are prohibited by law: Any public performance or display, including transmission of any image over a network; Preparation of any derivative work, including the extraction, in whole or in part, of any images; Any rental, lease, or lending of the program.

2 Body Growth in Middle Childhood
Slow, regular pattern Girls shorter and lighter until about age 9 Lower portion of body growing fastest Bones lengthen Muscles very flexible All permanent teeth arrive

3 Common Health Problems in Middle Childhood
Vision - Myopia Hearing - Otitis media (middle ear infection) Malnutrition Obesity Illnesses Injuries

4 Causes of Obesity in Middle Childhood
Overweight parents Low SES Parents’ feeding practices Low physical activity Television Cultural food environment

5 Deaths from Injuries, North American Children, Ages 5–19

6 Motor Development in Early Childhood
Gross Motor Skills Improvements: Flexibility Balance Agility Force Fine Motor Skills Gains: Writing Drawing

7 Physical Play Development in Middle Childhood
Games with Rules Sports Invented Games Video Games Adult-organized sports Physical Education

8 Piaget’s Theory: Achievements of the Concrete Operational Stage
Conservation Decentration Reversibility Classification Seriation Transitive inference Spatial Reasoning Directions Maps

9 Key Information Processing Improvements
Increase in information-processing capacity Gains in cognitive inhibition Both may be related to brain development

10 Attention in Middle Childhood
Attention becomes more: Selective Adaptable Planful ADHD

11 Development of Memory Strategies
Rehearsal – early grade school Organization – early grade school Knowledge base helps organization Elaboration – end of middle childhood Meaningful chunks of information

12 Information Processing and Academic Learning
Reading Whole-language approach Basic-skills approach Mathematics Drill “Number sense”

13 Sternberg’s Triarchic Theory of Intelligence

14 Gardner’s Multiple Intelligences
Linguistic Logico-mathematical Musical Spatial Bodily-kinesthetic Naturalist Interpersonal Intrapersonal

15 Explaining Differences in IQ
Genetics Accounts for about half of differences Environment SES Culture Communication styles Cultural bias in test content

16 Language Development in Middle Childhood
Vocabulary Increases fourfold during school years 20 new words a day Grammar Passive voice Infinitive phrases Pragmatics Adjust to people and situations Phrase requests to get what they want

17 Learning Two Languages
Bilingual Development Learn both languages at the same time Learn first language, then second Sensitive period - childhood Bilingual Education Language immersion Bilingual education

18 Academic Achievement and Class Size

19 Educational Philosophies and Practices
Traditional v. Open Classrooms New Directions Theory Reciprocal teaching Teacher-student Interaction Self-fulfilling prophesies Grouping for learning

20 Teaching Children with Special Needs
Learning Difficulties Mainstreaming Gifted Talented Divergent thinking and creativity

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