Definitions cont. Speech disorder - Problems in production and use of oral language. Articulation, fluency, and producing voice Language disorder - Problems in comprehending and using language for communication See p.268, American Speech Language Hearing Association (ASHA) Definitions
Language Development Patterns See p. 269, Table 8.2 for normal development vs. a disorder PARTICIPATION: 1. At what age do normally developing students use 4-word sentences? 2. For a child with a language disorder, what skill level might they display when entering Kindergarten?
Causes of Language Disorders (p. 267, Table 8.1) Language disorders may be interrelated with causal factors of other disabilities Central nervous system (CNS) Peripheral (sensory or physical) Environmental and emotional (psychological environment) (e.g., selective mutism) Mixed (combination of above factors)
Strategies for assessment and intervention (p. 271) Testing Ratings Observations