Presentation on theme: "VOCABULARY UNIT 2 Fat soluble Sugars Water soluble Starches Fiber Iron"— Presentation transcript:
1VOCABULARY UNIT 2 Fat soluble Sugars Water soluble Starches Fiber Iron CalciumAmino acidsPhosphorusCompleteSodiumIncompleteIodineCalorieSaturatedNutrientUnsaturatedMalnutritionNutritionVITAMINSCARBOHYDRATESA chemical compound that serves as a building block of proteinsMINERALSPROTEINThe unit used to measure the energy value of foods.FATSA chemical substance that helps maintain the body.A deficient state of the body, caused by a lack of nutritionThe study of how the body uses the nutrientsin foods.
3Helps calcium build bones & teeth NUTRIENTFUNCTIONSOURCESVITAMIN DVITAMIN EVITAMIN KIRONCALCIUMPHOS-PHORUSIODINEStrong bones & teeth, prevent rickets, helps body use calcium & phosphorusFortified milk, Sun, fish liver oils, egg yolk, liver, salmon, tunaSlows aging process, digests fat, healingGreen leafy vegetables, nuts, whole grain, oils, cereals, milk, liverLiver, green leafy veg., cauliflower, oil, tomatoes, wh.grain, egg yolk, soybeansPromotes normal clotting of bloodLiver, variety meats, egg yolk, lean meats, yeast, raisins, molasses, green leafy, dried fruit & beans, peas, nutsBuilds hemoglobin(carry O2)Strong bones & teeth, works with phosphorusMilk, milk products, green leafy, molasses, legumesHelps calcium build bones & teethMilk, ice cream, cheese, meat, poultry, wh. grain cereals, beans, peas, nuts, fishHelps thyroid gland to function properlySalt water fish, iodized salt
4FUNCTION SOURCES NUTRIENT Nutrient Chart PROTEIN FAT VITAMIN A THIAMIN CARBSFATVITAMIN ATHIAMINNIACINRIBOFLAVINVITAMIN CNutrient Chart
5FUNCTION SOURCES NUTRIENT IRON VITAMIN D VITAMIN E VITAMIN K CALCIUM PHOSPHORUSIODINE
6Builds hemoglobin (carry O2) NUTRIENTFUNCTIONSOURCESPROTEINCARBSFATVITAMIN ATHIAMIN,NIACINRIBOFLAVINVITAMIN CVITAMIN DVITAMIN EVITAMIN KIRONCALCIUMPHOSPHORUSIODINEBuild & repair body cellsMeat, fish, poultry, eggs, dried beans, nuts, peasCarry nutrients, energy, keep warmSugars – cakes, pies, candy Fiber – potatoes Starches – pasta, breads, cerealsEnergy, stores fat soluble vitamins, cushion organs, insulate, add flavorButter, margarine, salad oil, shortening, fat in meatsKeep eyes in good condition, helps eyes adjust to light, health skinDark green & deep yellow veg., pumpkin, liver, potatoes, spinach, broccoli, carrot, sweet pot.appetite, digestion, waste elimination, memoryPork, lean meats, fish, liver, breaddigestion, healthy nervous system;prevent pellagraLiver, pork, milk, egg yolk, dry beans, whole grain breads, cereals, yeast, p. butter, potatoes, peas, breadskin, hair, eyes, repro. system, helps body use p,f,c for energyMilk, cheese, liver, kidneys, heart, eggs, green leafy veg, enriched grains, yeastNormal growth, develop bones, teeth, gums, prevent infection & scurvyCitrus, tomatoes, cantaloupe, strawberries, brussel sprouts, broccoli, cabbage, peppersFortified milk, Sun, fish liver oils, egg yolk, liver, salmon, tunaStrong bones & teeth, prevent rickets, helps body use calcium & phosphorusGreen leafy vegetables, nuts, whole grain, oils, cereals, milk, liverSlows aging process, digests fat, healingPromotes normal clotting of bloodLiver, green leafy veg., cauliflower, oil, tomatoes, wh.grain, egg yolk, soybeansLiver, variety meats, egg yolk, lean meats, yeast, raisins, molasses, green leafy, dried fruit & beans, peas, nutsBuilds hemoglobin (carry O2)Strong bones & teeth, works with phosphorusMilk, milk products, green leafy, molasses, legumesMilk, ice cream, cheese, meat, poultry, whole grain cereals, beans, peas, nuts, fishHelps calcium build bones & teethHelps thyroid gland to function properlySalt water fish, iodized salt
7Pellagra is a niacin deficiency disease Pellagra is a niacin deficiency disease. Italian word meaning ‘sour skin.’Pellagra is classically described by "the four D's": diarrhea, dermatitis, dementia and death. A more comprehensive list of symptoms includes: High sensitivity to sunlight Aggression Dermatitis, alopecia, oedema Smooth, beefy red glossitis Red skin lesions Insomnia Weakness Mental confusion Ataxia, paralysis of extremities, peripheral neuritis Diarrhea Dilated cardiomyopathy Eventually dementia Frostig and Spies (acc. to Cleary and Cleary) described more specific psychological symptoms of pellagra as: Psycho-sensory disturbances (impressions as being painful, annoying bright lights, odours intolerance causing nausea and vomiting, dizziness after sudden movements) Psycho-motor disturbances (restlessness, tense and a desire to quarrel, increased preparedness for motor action) Emotional disturbances
8Extreme Goiter (Thyroid gland is located in the neck.)
9Rickets is the softening of the bones in children, potentially leading to fractures and deformity. Rickets is among the most frequent childhood diseases in many developing countries. The predominant cause is Vitamin D deficiency, but lack of adequate calcium in the diet may also lead to rickets. Although it can occur in adults, the majority of cases occur in children suffering from severe malnutrition, usually resulting from famine or starvation during the early stages of childhood.Osteomalacia is the term used to describe a similar condition occurring in adults, generally due to a deficiency of Vitamin D. The origin of the word "rickets" is unknown. The Greek-derived word "rachitis" (meaning "inflammation of the spine") was later adopted as the scientific term for rickets, due chiefly to the words' similarity in sound.There are few dietary sources of Vitamin D. The best ones are fatty fish such as salmon and sardines and margarines supplemented with Vitamin D. Milk contains added Vitamin D, but for people who don't drink milk regularly, they get most of their Vitamin D from exposure of the skin to sunlight. The average person has enough Vitamin D stored in their body to last for two or three years. People who get little exposure to sunlight and don't drink lots of milk and eat foods rich in Vitamin D are most likely to suffer from rickets or osteomalacia. In particular, elderly people or latchkey children who're housebound or confined to residential or nursing homes are at most risk.RICKETS
10Scurvy…. The pirate’s disease VitaminCWhat prevents scurvy?
11Handout: “Nutrition: The Individual” List the six basic nutrients.Write the sentence that provides reminders of the first letter of each nutrient.The energy required to carry on your life processes when your body is at rest is called ______ __________.What are the four functions that fats serve?a. c.b. d._______________ are a major source of energy.The body uses carbohydrates to manufacture ________, a sugar used by our cells.________ is composed of amino acids that are used build and repair muscle tissue.There are 22 amino acids, but only ___ are essential for an adult’s diet.proteinfats
12Handout: “Nutrition: The Individual” – (cont.) 9. __________ is used to aid digestion, carry off wastes, and regulate body temperature and chemical processes.10. ____% of the human body is composed of water.11. Most humans require at least ___ glasses of water per day.12. The word ‘vitamin is derived from the term “ _______,” which means life.13. Vitamins help the body to convert food into ________.Inorganic elements which are scratched from the earth’s surface are called ______________.15. List five examples of the answer for number 14 above.a b c. d e.16. _______ is a mineral which helps the blood carry oxygen.17. Without _________your bones could not grow and heal.18. R.D.A. stands for _________________________________.
13Handout: “Nutrition: The Individual” – (cont.) 19. What are the six groups of food represented in the USDA Food Pyramid?a. 1b. 2.c. 3.d. 4.e. 5.f. 6.20. How many servings should the average teen-ager have of each group?21. The measurement of the heat or energy produced when food is burned in your body is called a ______________.22. T or F People who are overweight often encourage their children to overeat or to eat too much sugar & starch.23. T or F Diets based on eating one kind of food are very appealing and perfectly safe.24. T or F It’s perfectly possible to lose weight on a well balanced diet which includes all of the foods in the food pyramid.25. List three examples of carbohydrates:a. b. c.grains5 ½ c. - 6 oz.
18Food Journal ~ Day 1 Food Journal ~ Day 2 Food Journal ~ Day 3 Be sure to write the quantities & detailsFood Journal ~ Day 1Food Journal ~ Day 2Food Journal ~ Day 3BreakfastLunchDinnerSnacksDrinksActivities lasting more than 10 min.
19The most concentrated source of energy is found in ______. BELLRINGERThe most concentrated source of energy is found in ______.Our biggest source of energyis from ________________.