21. Define Nutrients.Chemical substances found in food, which help the body work properly.
32. Define Nutrition.The science of how nutrients support the body.
43. What is the main purpose of carbohydrates? The body’s main source of energy.
54. What is another name for simple carbohydrates? Sugars
65. In what foods do you find simple carbohydrates? Milk, fruits, some vegetables,Candy, cookies, cakes.Syrups, honey, jelly
76. What is another name for complex carbohydrates? Starches
87. In what foods do you find complex carbohydrates? Grains: rice, pasta, grits, oatmealBreadsCorn, peas, potatoesCereal
98. What does fiber do for the body? Moves waste products through the digestive tract.
109. What do proteins do for the body? Growth, maintenance and repair of body tissues.
1110. What are amino acids? A component of proteins. The building blocks of protein.
1211. What is the difference between complete proteins and incomplete proteins? Complete: Contain all the amino acids the body needs.Incomplete: Contain some of the amino acids the body needs.
1312. What foods supply complete proteins? Come from animal productsMeat, poultry, fish / shellfish, dairy, eggs
1413. What foods supply incomplete proteins? Come from plant products.Grains: rice, pasta, gritsDry beansNutsSees
1514. Name the 5 functions of fats. 1. Energy2. Insulate the body3. Protect and cushion organs4. Help distribute fat soluble vitamins5. Supply essential fatty acids.
1615. What is the difference between saturated fats and unsaturated fats? Solid at room temperatureCome from animal fatsMeats, butter, dairyUnsaturatedGenerally liquid at room temperatureCome from plant fatsCorn oil, soybean oil
1716. Hydrogenation is the process of changing a liquid fat (oil) to a solid fat. Name two solid fats that are made from this process.MargarineShortening
1817. What is cholesterol?A fatty substance found in every body cell.
1918. What do Calcium and Phosphorus do together for the body? Build bones and teeth
2019. What does Calcium do alone for the body? Regulates the use of other mineralsHelps the nervous system to function
2120. What will happen if you have a deficiency of Calcium over a long period of time? Develop Osteoporosis: Weak, brittle bone disease
2221. Name some foods that are good sources of Calcium and Phosphorus. Dairy products: Milk, yogurt, cheeseDark green leafy vegetables
2322. What does Fluorine do for the body? Proper development of bones and teeth
2423. Where can you get Fluorine? Tooth pasteMany communities put it into the local water supply
2524. What does Iodine do for the body? Makes thyroxine
2625. What does Thyroxine do for the body? A hormone produced by the Thyroid gland.Controls the rate at which the body uses nutrients.Deficiency causes a goiter.
2726. Where can you get Iodine? Iodized table saltSeafood
2827. What does Iron do for the body? Makes Hemoglobin
2928. What is Hemoglobin?A substance in the blood that carries oxygen fro the lungs to cells throughout the body.
3029. What are some symptoms of iron-deficiency anemia? Extreme fatiguePale skinPoor Appetite
3130. Name some foods rich in iron. Organ meatsLean meatsDried beans and peasDark green leafy vegetablesEggs
3231. What does Sodium do for the body? Helps maintain the balance of the fluids in the body.
3332. Diets high in Sodium are linked with what health problem? Hypertension – also called high blood pressure.
3433. Name the functions Zinc has in the body. 1. Normal growth and development2. Helps immune system3. Heal wounds
3534. What are the four fat-soluble vitamins? Vitamin AVitamin DVitamin EVitamin K
3635. Yes or No Can your body store these vitamins? If so, where? In the body’s fatty tissues and the liver
3736. What does Vitamin A do for the body? Healthy skin and hairEyesight
3837. What is Night blindness? When the eyes cannot adjust from bright to dim light.
3938. What are some food sources for Vitamin A? Liver, whole and fortified milk productsFish oils
4039. What is Carotene?An orange pigment the body can convert to Vitamin A.
4140. In what foods do you get Carotene? Orange fruits and vegetablesDark green vegetables
4241. What is the main function of Vitamin E? To act as an antioxidant
4342. What does an antioxidant do? Antioxidants protects the body from the damaging effects of oxygen.
4443. What foods give you Vitamin E? Vegetable oilsWhole grain cerealsLiverGreen leafy vegetables
4544. What does Vitamin K do for the body? Helps the blood to clot
4645. What foods give you Vitamin K? SpinachCabbageEggsLiver
4746. What are the water-soluble vitamins? Vitamin CThe B vitamins (Riboflavin, Thiamin, Niacin, B1, B12, B6, Folate)
4847. Yes or No Can your body store these vitamins? Excess amounts are excreted in the urine.
4948. What does Thiamin, Riboflavin, and Niacin do for the body? Helps the body obtain energy from your foods.
5049. What is the name for a deficiency of Thiamin? Beriberi
5150. Define enriched.Nutrients that were lost during processing have been added back into a product.
5251. What is the name for a deficiency of Niacin? Pellegra
5352. What does Folate do for pregnant woman? Body uses Folate to make new cells.Needed for the development of the brain and spinal cord of the unborn baby.
5453. What does Vitamin B12 do for the body? Helps the body make red blood cells.
5554. Name the functions for Vitamin C. Helps hold body cells togetherHealing of woundsKeeps blood vessels strong.Helps body fight infection
5655. What is the name of a deficiency of Vitamin C? Scurvy
5756. Name some foods that provide Vitamin C. Citrus fruitsStrawberriesCantaloupePeppersBroccolitomatoes
5857. Name the functions of water. Carry nutrients to the cellsCarries waste products from the cells.DigestionRegulate body temperature
5958. Name some ways you get water from the foods you eat. SoupsFruits: oranges, apples, watermelonVegetables: tomatoes, cucumbersBeverages