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Brake System Diagnosis and Repair Chapter 72 - Part Two.

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Presentation on theme: "Brake System Diagnosis and Repair Chapter 72 - Part Two."— Presentation transcript:

1 Brake System Diagnosis and Repair Chapter 72 - Part Two

2 Disc Brake Service Disc Brake Service A typical major disc brake service involves four basic operations: Replacing worn brake pads Replacing worn brake pads Rebuilding/replacing the calipers Rebuilding/replacing the calipers Machining the brake rotors Machining the brake rotors Flushing the brake fluid Flushing the brake fluid

3 Disc Brake Service Disc Brake Service The twelve steps for replacing worn disc brake pads are: 1. Loosen the wheel lug nuts

4 Disc Brake Service Disc Brake Service The twelve steps for replacing worn disc brake pads are: 2. Raise and secure the vehicle, remove the wheels

5 Disc Brake Service Disc Brake Service The twelve steps for replacing worn disc brake pads are: 3. Push the caliper pistons back into the caliper

6 Disc Brake Service Disc Brake Service The twelve steps for replacing worn disc brake pads are: 4. Unbolt and remove calipers (With brake hose still attached)

7 Disc Brake Service Disc Brake Service The twelve steps for replacing worn disc brake pads are: 5. Hang calipers by a piece of wire (or bungee cord)

8 Disc Brake Service Disc Brake Service The twelve steps for replacing worn disc brake pads are: 6. Remove old brake pads from calipers

9 Disc Brake Service Disc Brake Service The twelve steps for replacing worn disc brake pads are: 7. Install anti-rattle clips on new pads

10 Disc Brake Service Disc Brake Service The twelve steps for replacing worn disc brake pads are: 8. Install the new pads into the calipers

11 Disc Brake Service Disc Brake Service The twelve steps for replacing worn disc brake pads are: 9. Clean, lube, and slide the caliper assemblies over the brake discs

12 Disc Brake Service Disc Brake Service The twelve steps for replacing worn disc brake pads are: 10. Assemble the caliper mounting hardware (reverse order of disassembly)

13 Disc Brake Service Disc Brake Service The twelve steps for replacing worn disc brake pads are: 11. Torque all bolts properly

14 Disc Brake Service Disc Brake Service The twelve steps for replacing worn disc brake pads are: 12. Install wheel and torque the lug nuts

15 Disc Brake Service - Disc Brake Service - Caliper Parts

16 Disc Brake Service - Caliper Disc Brake Service - Caliper Caution! Caution! You can crush your finger when using compressed air to remove a caliper piston during rebuilding.

17 Disc Brake Service - Caliper Disc Brake Service - Caliper You should use only brake cleaner or brake fluid to clean brake caliper parts! Coating the brake caliper piston with brake fluid before installation helps to make reassembly go easier.

18 Disc Brake Service - Caliper You should use a pointed hook tool to remove the caliper piston seal.

19 Disc Brake Service – Disc/Rotor The two most important precision measurements that need to be made on a brake disc/rotor are the disc thickness and the disc runout. Measuring disc thicknessMeasuring disc runout

20 Disc Brake Service – Disc/Rotor The minimum disc thickness is measured across the two friction surfaces in several different places. The maximum disc runout is the amount of side-to-side movement measured near the outer edge of the brake discs friction surface. Measuring disc thicknessMeasuring disc runout

21 Disc Brake Service – Disc/Rotor The warpage or brake disc runout typically should not exceed 0.004

22 Disc Brake Service – Disc/Rotor Brake Lathe for machining Disc/Rotors off the vehicle

23 Disc Brake Service – Disc/Rotor On-the-Car Brake Lathe for machining Disc/Rotors on the vehicle. (You dont have to remove the disc to machine it!)

24 Disc Brake Service – Disc/Rotor When machining a disc, you must do all the following: 1. Measure the disc before machining 2. Measure the disc after machining 3. Document the measurements on the repair order Brake discs should be inspected for all of the following defects: 1. Hot Spots 2. Cracks 3. Warpage

25 Drum Brake Service A typical Drum Brake Service includes these seven operations: Remove parts from the backing plate Clean and inspect the parts Replace the brake shoes Replace or rebuild the wheel cylinders Turn the brake drums Lubricate and reassemble the brake parts Pre-adjust, bleed, and test the brakes

26 Drum Brake Service - Tools Drum Micrometer Brake Cylinder Hone Spring Depressor Pressure Bleeder Micrometer Bleeder Wrench Brake Spring Pliers Dial Indicator

27 Drum Brake Service Gently hammering on the brake drum can help loosen it. Springs on drum brakes can be different colors. Leaking wheel cylinders will affect brake operation. Working on drum brakes requires many special tools. When honing the wheel cylinder it is never a good idea to pull the hone out of the cylinder while it is spinning or you may cause damage to yourself, the hone, or the wheel cylinder!

28 Drum Brake Service - Parts

29 Drum Brake Service - Tips Some good methods of remembering how the rear drum brake parts go together: Taking a digital picture Taking only one side apart at a time Making a drawing If a brake drums inside diameter is too big the drum must be replaced. The preparation of the brake drums inner surface is called machining, turning, or resurfacing

30 Drum Brake Service - Tips Brake shoe linings are fastened to the brake shoe by rivets, glue, or both. Lubricating of the backing plate should be done with high temp grease, sparingly. Parking brakes should never be adjusted too tight. Parking brakes that are adjusted too tight can overheat, drag, or cause pulling.

31 QUESTIONS? Check in the Duffy textbook Chapter 72


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