2Basic Brake SystemBrake lines Emergency brake Brake pedal assembly Master cylinder Brake booster Wheel brake assemblyMetal tubing and rubber hose that transmit pressure to the wheel brake assemblies.Mechanical system for applying rear brake assembliesFoot lever for operating the master cylinder and power booster.Hydraulic-piston pump that develops pressure for the brake system.Vacuum or power steering operated device that assists brake pedal application.Devices that use system pressure to produce friction for slowing or stopping wheel rotation.
3Drum and Disc BrakesCaliper - assembly that holds the cylinder, piston, and brake pads.
4Drum and Disc BrakesCaliper cylinder - machined hole in the caliper; the piston fits into this cylinder.
5Drum and Disc BrakesBrake pads - friction members pushed against the rotor by the action of the master cylinder, caliper cylinder, and piston.
6Drum and Disc BrakesRotor - metal disc that uses friction from the brake pads to stop or slow wheel rotation.
7Drum and Disc BrakesWheel cylinder - houses hydraulic pistons that are forced outward by fluid pressure and is found on drum brakes.
8Drum and Disc BrakesBrake shoes - friction units that are pushed against the rotating brake drum by the action of the wheel cylinder assembly.
9Drum and Disc BrakesBrake Drum - rubs against the brake shoes to stop or slow wheel rotation.
10Braking RatioTypically the front brakes handle 60-70% of the braking power, while the rear brakes handle 30-40% of the braking. Front wheel drive vehicles have even a higher braking ratio at the front wheels.
11Brake System Hydraulics Pascal’s LawLiquids in a confined area will not compress, however, air in a confined area will compress.When pressure is applied to a closed system, pressure is exerted equally in all directions.A hydraulic system can be used to increase or decrease force or motion.
12Brake System Components Brake Pedal Assembly - Foot lever for operating the master cylinder and power booster.
13Brake System Components Master Cylinder –It is a foot operated pump that pumps brake fluid.Helps equalize the pressure required for braking.Keeps the system full of brake fluid.It maintains a slight pressure to keep contaminants (air & water) from entering the hydraulic system.
15Brake System Components Vacuum Booster Hydraulic BoosterBrake BoostersVacuum brake boosters use engine vacuum to help stop the vehicle.Hydro-boost systems use pressure created by the power steering pump to help stop the vehicle.All brake boost systems are designed to help stop the vehicle.
16Brake Fluid Brake Fluid DOT 3 Standard Brake Fluid DOT 4 Hi-Temp Brake FluidDOT 5 Silicone Brake FluidKeep brake fluid in tightly sealed containers.Should be flushed every 2 years regardless of mileage!
19Brake Warning LightsThe brake warning light switch warns the driver of a pressure loss in a dual brake system.The Low-Fluid Warning Light Switch lets the driver know when the brake fluid is low.
20Brake System Control Valves Proportioning Valve is used to equalize braking action in systems with front disc brakes and rear drum brakes.Metering Valve is used to regulate the pressure going to each wheel cylinder.Combination Valve is a single unit that functions as a brake warning light switch, a metering valve, and a proportioning valve.
21Parking BrakesParking brakes provide a mechanical means of applying the brakes.Parking brakes can use either drum or disc brakes.Parking brakes should never be used to help stop the vehicle during normal driving.Parking brakes need periodic inspection and adjustment.A hand operated emergency brake should make 4-5 clicks when engaging it (not more)