Presentation on theme: " Pick up your notebook and a textbook from the back List one reason for Jackson’s Indian Removal Act."— Presentation transcript:
Pick up your notebook and a textbook from the back List one reason for Jackson’s Indian Removal Act
30 Second Think : What would you do if you were asked to follow a law/rule that you did not agree with. What if your were forced to do so? Explain. Talk: Turn and face your partner. Partner A= 60 Seconds Partner B= 60 Seconds SHARE
Page (middle) 1. What is a Tariff? 2. Who supported the Tariff? Who opposed? 3. Who was the Vice President during this time? What was his view on the Tariff? 4. Explain the meaning of nullify. 5. Identify Daniel Webster’s viewpoint. 6. Why did South Carolina threaten to secede? 7. How did President Jackson react to South Carolina? 8. Who created a compromise to end the Crisis?
35 NOTES Small Group Questions Summary
The Nullification Crisis TTariff- A tax on imported goods. SSouthern states oppose the Tariff of John C. Calhoun- Vice President OOpposes the Tariff SStates should have the right to Nullify (cancel) federal laws
Tariff is a tax on imported goods Congress passed a new tariff in 1828 that was the highest in history South hated tariffs because they traded with Europe and cost them more Tariff Crisis
30 Second Think : Should states have the right to declare federal laws unconstitutional? Talk: Turn and face your partner. Partner A= 30 Seconds Partner B= 30 Seconds SHARE WRITE: 1-2 Sentences (LEFT SIDE)
The Nullification Crisis Daniel Webster- “Supreme Court to determine the law, not the states.” South Carolina threatens to Secede (leave) the United States because of the high tariff.
30 Second Think : Do you support South Carolina’s right to leave the country over the Tariff? Talk: Turn and face your partner. Partner A= 30 Seconds Partner B= 30 Seconds SHARE WRITE
The Nullification Crisis PPresident Jackson sends troops to S.C. to prevent secession. HHenry Clay creates a compromise CCrisis over
30 Second Think : Looking ahead, what other issue do you think the North and South will continue to fight over? How will this be resovled? Talk: Turn and face your partner. Partner A= 30 Seconds Partner B= 30 Seconds SHARE WRITE
Jackson believed in the power of the federal government Vice President John C. Calhoun believed in State’s Rights They argued over tariffs
Calhoun called the tariffs an abomination Calhoun called for all Southern states to nullify (erase) the tariffs Calhoun resigned as Vice President I quit!! But I’ll get you back Andrew Jackson!!!
Congress lowers the tariffs Southern states still mad and South Carolina threatened to secede (break apart from the US) Congress lowers tariffs again A threat of a civil war Historians call this the Nullification Crisis South Carolina Threatens to Secede Lower the Tariff or say goodbye to South Carolina!!
Jackson lowers the tariffs Jackson asks Congress to pass The Force Bill to send an army to the South, if necessary South agrees Crisis over Pay the tariff or else! Okay
The Nullification Crisis was about states’ rights Southern states believed they had the right to nullify a federal law What about slavery? North and South begin to take sides on the issue… states’ rights will lead to the Civil War
Thought US Bank was too powerful Congress (led by Whigs) tried to save the bank with a renewal bill Jackson vetoed the bill Jackson takes all federal money out and puts it in state banks The Bank closes Jackson Fights the Bank
Seminoles in Florida hide in the swamps The United States military is in called in to remove the Seminoles
The Seminoles are defeated by the US Army The costliest war to gain Indian land Cost 40 million dollars
Some called him King Andrew because he acted like a king than a president The common man felt he had a leader Jackson used his power to End the National Bank End the Nullification Crisis without civil war Force Native Americans westward Many memorials to him in the South