Presentation on theme: "Preview List one reason for Jackson’s Indian Removal Act"— Presentation transcript:
1Preview 12-10 List one reason for Jackson’s Indian Removal Act Pick up your notebook and a textbook from the backList one reason for Jackson’s Indian Removal Act
2Small Group Talk30 Second Think : What would you do if you were asked to follow a law/rule that you did not agree with. What if your were forced to do so? Explain. Talk: Turn and face your partner. Partner A= 60 Seconds Partner B= 60 Seconds SHARE
3Read: Nullification Crisis Page (middle)What is a Tariff?Who supported the Tariff? Who opposed?Who was the Vice President during this time? What was his view on the Tariff?Explain the meaning of nullify.Identify Daniel Webster’s viewpoint.Why did South Carolina threaten to secede?How did President Jackson react to South Carolina?Who created a compromise to end the Crisis?
5Andrew Jackson The Nullification Crisis Tariff- A tax on imported goods.Southern states oppose the Tariff of 1828.John C. Calhoun- Vice PresidentOpposes the TariffStates should have the right to Nullify (cancel) federal laws
6Tariff Crisis Tariff is a tax on imported goods Congress passed a new tariff in 1828 that was the highest in historySouth hated tariffs because they traded with Europe and cost them more
7Small Group Talk30 Second Think : Should states have the right to declare federal laws unconstitutional? Talk: Turn and face your partner. Partner A= 30 Seconds Partner B= 30 Seconds SHARE WRITE: 1-2 Sentences (LEFT SIDE)
8Andrew Jackson The Nullification Crisis Daniel Webster- “Supreme Court to determine the law, not the states.”South Carolina threatens to Secede (leave) the United States because of the high tariff.
9Small Group Talk30 Second Think : Do you support South Carolina’s right to leave the country over the Tariff? Talk: Turn and face your partner. Partner A= 30 Seconds Partner B= 30 Seconds SHARE WRITE
10Andrew Jackson The Nullification Crisis President Jackson sends troops to S.C. to prevent secession.Henry Clay creates a compromiseCrisis over
11Small Group Talk30 Second Think : Looking ahead, what other issue do you think the North and South will continue to fight over? How will this be resovled? Talk: Turn and face your partner. Partner A= 30 Seconds Partner B= 30 Seconds SHARE WRITE
12President and VP ArgueJackson believed in the power of the federal governmentVice President John C. Calhoun believed in State’s RightsThey argued over tariffs
13Vice President Calhoun resigns Calhoun called the tariffs an abominationCalhoun called for all Southern states to nullify (erase) the tariffsCalhoun resigned as Vice PresidentI quit!!But I’ll get you back Andrew Jackson!!!
14South Carolina Threatens to Secede Congress lowers the tariffsSouthern states still mad and South Carolina threatened to secede (break apart from the US)Congress lowers tariffs againA threat of a civil warHistorians call this the Nullification CrisisLower the Tariff or say goodbye to South Carolina!!
15Jackson Reacts to the Crisis Jackson lowers the tariffsJackson asks Congress to pass The Force Bill to send an army to the South, if necessarySouth agreesCrisis overOkayPay the tariff or else!
16Crisis over… Not really The Nullification Crisis was about states’ rightsSouthern states believed they had the right to nullify a federal lawWhat about slavery?North and South begin to take sides on the issue… states’ rights will lead to the Civil War
17Jackson Fights the Bank Thought US Bank was too powerfulCongress (led by Whigs) tried to save the bank with a renewal billJackson vetoed the billJackson takes all federal money out and puts it in state banksThe Bank closes
18The Seminoles Resist Seminoles in Florida hide in the swamps The United States military is in called in to remove the Seminoles
19The Seminole War The Seminoles are defeated by the US Army The costliest war to gain Indian landCost 40 million dollars
21King Andrew or common man? Some called him King Andrew because he acted like a king than a presidentThe common man felt he had a leaderJackson used his power toEnd the National BankEnd the Nullification Crisis without civil warForce Native Americans westwardMany memorials to him in the South