Presentation on theme: "Unit 2. Political Science Is the study of POWER, POLITICS and GOVERNMENT."— Presentation transcript:
Political Science Is the study of POWER, POLITICS and GOVERNMENT.
System of rule over a territory and its people.
The means to control and rule people and government.
POLITICS Process of using power in government.
Key terms Political System- A method for making decisions that affect a society and its members. Policy - a plan to guide behavior to reach a particular goal Compromise- each side gives in a little to settle a dispute.
Leadership Different types of leaders arise in different groups.
Authoritarian Very efficient for a short period of time. Work will stop when the leader is absent. Hostility within the group.
Democratic Slow to get started but efficient for a long period of time. Work continues when leader is absent. Cohesiveness within the group.
Laissez-Faire Let them do as they please Members will work for themselves rather than the group. Leader is insignificant. Anything goes with group dynamics.
Communication – is necessary for the operation of any group. Leaders often control the communication To find the leader of any group, find out who controls the conversation and you will find the leader.
Characteristics of leadership Organized Works for the good of all Directs activities Initiates activities Works inside and outside the group Has intellectual ability Sensitive to feelings of others
Elements of Popularity Cheerful Unselfish Controls Emotions Looks for the good in all Sincere
Followers in a group usually have much control over a leader. Extra Strength- the group is stronger than any member alone
Groups can exert great pressure over their members to conform to the groups norms Conformity- to go along with Non Conformity- not to go along with
Levels of Government Federal State Local County and Municipality School Board
United States Federal Government Executive Branch 35 years old Natural Born Citizen Live in US for 14 years President Vice President Can serve 2 terms (8yrs) or 10 yrs. total 15 Cabinets run by Secretaries
Legislative Branch Bi-cameral House of Representatives US Citizen 7yrs 25 yrs old 2 yr terms (unlimited) 435 members Money bills start here Senate US Citizen 9yrs 30 yrs old 6yr terms (unlimited) 100 members
Judical Branch J Supreme Court 9 members Serve for live Federal Courts State Courts Nominated by Pres Approved by Congress Local Courts