2 Words to Know Constitution Executive Branch Legislative Branch Judicial BranchPresidentGovernorSupreme CourtCourt of AppealsJuvenile Justice System
3 The U.S. ConstitutionWritten in 1787, it outlines the plan of government for the United States of America.Three different “branches”, of the government were established, Legislative, Executive and JudicialThese three branches have separate roles and responsibilities, but are equal in their importance and power.
4 The legislative branch The Constitution created Congress.Congress has two parts: The Senate and The House of Representatives.The main duty of the Legislative branch is to make laws.
5 THE LEGISLATIVE BRANCH TOTAL NUMBER OF MEMBERSHOUSE – 435SENATE - 100NUMBER OF MEMBERS FROM EACH STATEHOUSE - Based on the state population.SENATE - Equal number for each state; two per state.QUALIFICATIONSHOUSE - At least 25 years of age, citizen for 7 years, and a resident of state where elected.SENATE - At least 30 years of age, citizen for 9 years, and a resident for the state where elected.
7 THE LEGISLATIVE BRANCH LENGTH OF ONE TERM IN OFFICEHOUSE - 2 yearsSENATE - 6 yearsPRESIDING OFFICERSHOUSE - Speaker of the House; elected by members of the House.SENATE - Vice-President of the U.S.; named President of the Senate. President pro tempore; elected by members of Senate.
8 THE LEGISLATIVE BRANCH POWERSPass billsRaise, borrow and coin moneyDeclare war
11 The Executive BranchThe main executive officers are the President and Vice-President.They are assisted by a group of advisors, called the Cabinet, who help in running the federal government.The main duty of the Executive branch is to carry out laws. This means to put laws into action.
12 The Executive Branch LENGTH OF ONE TERM MAXIMUM NUMBER OF TERMS 4 yearsMAXIMUM NUMBER OF TERMSNo more than two full terms
13 The Executive Branch QUALIFICATIONS ORDER OF SUCCESSION TO PRESIDENCY: Natural (native) born citizenAt least 35 years of ageResident for the U.S for at least 14 yearsORDER OF SUCCESSION TO PRESIDENCY:Vice PresidentSpeaker of the HousePresident pro tempore of the Senate
14 The Executive Branch SPECIAL POWERS OF THE PRESIDENT: Commander in chief of the armed forcesGrant pardons and reprieves in federal casesMust give State of the Union Address once a yearCall special sessions of Congress
16 The Judicial branchThe main judicial body is the Supreme Court which is the highest court in the land.There are two levels of lower courts, including the District Court and the Courts of Appeals.The main duty of the Judicial branch is to interpret laws.This means to explain what laws mean.
18 The Judicial branch MAIN COURTS NUMBER OF COURTS Highest: Supreme CourtMiddle: Courts of AppealsLowest: District CourtsNUMBER OF COURTSSupreme Court: 1Courts of Appeals: 11District Courts:
19 The Judicial branch MAIN DUTIES Supreme Court: To decide if laws are constitutional.Courts of Appeals: To rehear cases from lower courts.District Courts: To decide cases involving federal laws.
20 The Judicial branchTHE FOLLOWING INFORMATION APPLIES ONLY TO THE SUPREME COURT:NUMBER OF JUSTICES: NinePRESIDING OFFICER: Chief JusticeTERM OF OFFICE: For life on good behavior.May be removed only through impeachment process.May resign voluntarily.
21 The Judicial branch APPOINTED BY: APPROVED BY: SPECIAL POWERS: The PresidentAPPROVED BY:A majority vote of the Senate.SPECIAL POWERS:To review and reverse decisions of lower courts.To declare laws unconstitutional, or not legal according to the constitution.
22 Graphic Organizer US Government Executive Branch Legislative Branch Judicial Branch