Presentation on theme: "Constitution Test Review. What was the first government of the United States? The Articles of Confederation The Articles of Confederation."— Presentation transcript:
Constitution Test Review
What was the first government of the United States? The Articles of Confederation The Articles of Confederation
Why were the Articles of Confederation written? Americans realized they needed a central government to deal with paying soldiers and negotiating treaties. Americans realized they needed a central government to deal with paying soldiers and negotiating treaties.
What were the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation? No chief executive No chief executive No power to tax No power to tax No court system No court system
What had the most power under the Articles, the federal government or the state governments? State governments State governments
What caused Shays Rebellion? Farmers were mad about being taxed too high People were angry at having their land taken away from them the government was too weak to do anything about it
What was Shays rebellion about? The farmers were having their land taken away because they were in debt. The farmers were having their land taken away because they were in debt. The continental money was worthless. The continental money was worthless. They were highly taxed. They were highly taxed.
Why was the Constitutional Convention held? To discuss ways to improve the Articles of Confederation To discuss ways to improve the Articles of Confederation
What city did the Constitutional Convention meet in? Philadelphia Philadelphia
Who presided (led) over the convention? George Washington George Washington
What were the two main disagreements about in the Constitutional Convention? Representation and slavery Representation and slavery
How many Houses are there in Congress? 2
What was the compromise called that dealt with slavery? The 3/5 Compromise The 3/5 Compromise
What did the 3/5 Compromise do? It allowed the southern states to count each slave as 3/5 of a person so they could have more representatives in the House of Representatives It allowed the southern states to count each slave as 3/5 of a person so they could have more representatives in the House of Representatives
What are the first three words of the Constitution? We the people We the people
What is the introduction to the Constitution called? The Preamble The Preamble
What branch is Congress? Legislative branch Legislative branch
How many branches of government are there? 3
What branch makes the laws? Legislative branch Legislative branch
Who is in charge of the Executive Branch? The president The president
How many representatives serve in the House?
How old must a member of the House be? 25 25
How many senators are there from each state? 2
How many total senators are there?
How long is a senators term of office? 6 years 6 years
How old must a senator be to be elected? 30 30
How long is the presidents term of office? 4 years 4 years
How many terms can a president serve? 2
How old must a person be to become president? 35 35
What requirements are there to be elected president? A citizen by birth A citizen by birth At least 35 years old At least 35 years old
What branch is the Supreme Court? judicial judicial
The Supreme Court ______ the laws or decides if they are ____ interprets interprets fair fair
The president nominates Supreme Court justices and they are approved by the … Senate Senate
Who is government based on the consent of? The people The people
How long are Supreme Court justices appointed for? life life
How many amendments to the Constitution have there been? 27 27
What are the first ten amendments to the Constitution called? The Bill of Rights The Bill of Rights
Why were the Bill of Rights added to the Constitution? Many states wouldnt sign the Constitution without a bill of rights Many people believed it was needed to limit the power of the national government. The writers of the Constitution wanted to protect the peoples personal rights and freedoms.
Name the rights the 1st Amendment guarantees. Freedom of speech, religion, press, assembly, petition Freedom of speech, religion, press, assembly, petition
What does the 2nd Amendment guarantee? The right to own a gun The right to own a gun
What does the 4th Amendment protect? Freedom from search or seizure without a warrant Freedom from search or seizure without a warrant
The 5th Amendment contains the double jeopardy clause. What does that mean? If you are found not guilty, you cannot be tried again for the same crime. If you are found not guilty, you cannot be tried again for the same crime.
Thomas Jefferson said there was a wall of separation between Chuch and state Chuch and state