Presentation on theme: "CHAPTER 17 Collective Behavior and Social Movements"— Presentation transcript:
1CHAPTER 17 Collective Behavior and Social Movements Sociology3/31/2017CHAPTER 17 Collective Behavior and Social MovementsSection 1: Collective BehaviorSection 2: Social MovementsChapter 17
2Objectives: Section 1: Collective Behavior Contrast the various types of collectivities and describe the explanations for collective behavior that have been proposed.Identify the preconditions necessary for collective behavior to occur and explain how they build on one another.
3Types of Collectivities Section 1: Collective BehaviorTypes of CollectivitiesCrowds – temporary gathering of people who are in close enough proximity to interactMobs and Riots – a mob is an emotionally charge collectivity whose members are united by a specific destructive or violent goal; a riot is a collection of people who erupt into generalized destructive behavior, the result of which is social disorder.
4Types of Collectivities Section 1: Collective BehaviorTypes of Collectivities(continued)Panics – a spontaneous and uncoordinated group action to escape some perceived threatMass Hysteria – an unfounded anxiety shared by people who can be scattered over a wide geographic area
5Types of Collectivities Section 1: Collective BehaviorTypes of Collectivities(continued)Fashion and Fads – fashion refers to enthusiastic attachments among large numbers of people for particular styles of appearance or behavior; a fad is an unconventional object, action, or idea that a large number of people are attached to for a very short period of time
6Types of Collectivities Section 1: Collective BehaviorTypes of Collectivities(continued)Rumors and Urban Legends – a rumor is an unverified piece of information that is spread rapidly from one person to another; an urban legend is a story that teaches a lesson and seems realistic but is untruePublic Opinion – refers to the collection of differing attitudes that members of a public have about a particular issue
7Explanations for Collective Behavior Section 1: Collective BehaviorExplanations for Collective BehaviorContagion Theory – the hypnotic power of a crowd encourages people to give up their individuality to the stronger pull of the groupEmergent-Norm Theory – people in a crowd are often faced with a situation in which traditional norms of behavior do not applyValue-Added Theory – explains crowd behavior as a process that moves from step to step
8Preconditions of Collective Behavior Section 1: Collective BehaviorPreconditions of Collective BehaviorStructural Conduciveness – refers to the surrounding social structure that makes it possible for a particular type of collective behavior to occurStructural Strain – refers to social conditions that put strain on people and thus encourage them to seek some collective means of relief
9Preconditions of Collective Behavior Section 1: Collective BehaviorPreconditions of Collective Behavior(continued)Growth and Spread of Generalized Belief –people identify the problem, form opinions about it, and share ways of dealing with itPrecipitating Factors – refer to triggering mechanisms that set off the behaviorSocial Control – a mechanism used to control or minimize a situation
10Objectives: Section 2: Social Movements Describe the types of social movements that exist and explain how they differ.Identify the stages present in the life cycle of social movements and describe ways in which the existence of social movements can be explained.
11Types of Social Movements Section 2: Social MovementsTypes of Social MovementsReactionary – try to prevent a type of social change and return society to a past way of being; often use fear and violence; example: Ku Klux KlanConservative – try to protect prevailing values from what are seen as threats to those values; examples: the religious right
12Types of Social Movements Section 2: Social MovementsTypes of Social Movements(continued)Revisionary – try to improve some part of society through social change; usually use legal methods and focus on a single issue; example: women’s suffrage movement
13Types of Social Movements Section 2: Social MovementsTypes of Social Movements(continued)Revolutionary – seek a total radical change or existing social structure, overthrow existing government and replace it with their own version; often involve violent or illegal methods; example: the American Revolution
14Life Cycle of Social Movements Section 2: Social MovementsLife Cycle of Social MovementsAgitation – initial stirrings of a movementLegitimation – movement viewed as more respectableBureaucratization – structure of movement more formalInstitutionalization – an established part of society
15Explaining Social Movements Section 2: Social MovementsExplaining Social MovementsRelative Deprivation Theory – people join social movements because they feel deprived relative to other people or groups with whom they identifyResource-Mobilization Theory – not even the most ill-treated group with the most just cause will be able to bring about change without resources