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THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 1 CHAPTER 6 The Adolescent in Society Section 1: Adolescence in Our Society Section.

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Presentation on theme: "THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 1 CHAPTER 6 The Adolescent in Society Section 1: Adolescence in Our Society Section."— Presentation transcript:

1 THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 1 CHAPTER 6 The Adolescent in Society Section 1: Adolescence in Our Society Section 2: Teenagers and Dating Section 3: Challenges of Adolescence

2 THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 2 Objectives: Explain how adolescence developed as a distinct stage of the life cycle in the United States. Explain how adolescence developed as a distinct stage of the life cycle in the United States. Identify the five general characteristics of adolescence. Identify the five general characteristics of adolescence. Section 1: Adolescence in Our Society

3 THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 3 How Adolescence Developed as a Stage of the Life Cycle Through Education – children stay in school longer; extended period of dependence Through Education – children stay in school longer; extended period of dependence Through Work – laws restricted child labor, also increasing length of dependence Through Work – laws restricted child labor, also increasing length of dependence Through Courts – juvenile-justice system legally distinguished between youth and adults Through Courts – juvenile-justice system legally distinguished between youth and adults Section 1: Adolescence in Our Society

4 THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 4 Five General Characteristics of Adolescence Biological Growth and Development – various biological changes such as changes in body proportions and acne Biological Growth and Development – various biological changes such as changes in body proportions and acne Undefined Status – adolescent expectations are often vague Undefined Status – adolescent expectations are often vague Increased Decision Making – must make some of their own decisions Increased Decision Making – must make some of their own decisions Section 1: Adolescence in Our Society

5 THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 5 Five General Characteristics of Adolescence Increased Pressure – adolescents are faced with pressure from many sources Increased Pressure – adolescents are faced with pressure from many sources The Search for Self – deciding what is really important The Search for Self – deciding what is really important Section 1: Adolescence in Our Society (continued)

6 THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 6 Objectives: Summarize how dating developed as a form of social interaction. Summarize how dating developed as a form of social interaction. Describe the functions that dating fulfills. Describe the functions that dating fulfills. Section 2: Teenagers and Dating

7 THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 7 Development of Dating Industrial Revolution – people moved from the farms to the cities where young adults could gain more economic freedom and their own home. As a result, parental control over young adults and courtship decreased. Industrial Revolution – people moved from the farms to the cities where young adults could gain more economic freedom and their own home. As a result, parental control over young adults and courtship decreased. Public Education – by the 1900s most secondary school students attended coeducational public schools which increased interaction between boys and girls Public Education – by the 1900s most secondary school students attended coeducational public schools which increased interaction between boys and girls Section 2: Teenagers and Dating

8 THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 8 Development of Dating Automobile – young adults had more freedom of movement away from parents Automobile – young adults had more freedom of movement away from parents Telephone – young adults could more easily talk to members of the opposite sex Telephone – young adults could more easily talk to members of the opposite sex Equality of Women – more women entered the workforce and took on more active community roles which increased the interaction between single adult men and women Equality of Women – more women entered the workforce and took on more active community roles which increased the interaction between single adult men and women Section 2: Teenagers and Dating (continued)

9 THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 9 Functions of Dating Serves as a form of entertainment Serves as a form of entertainment Is a means of socialization that teaches people about the opposite sex Is a means of socialization that teaches people about the opposite sex Fills psychological needs such as companionship Fills psychological needs such as companionship Helps individuals attain status as people are judged in part by whom they date Helps individuals attain status as people are judged in part by whom they date Aids in spouse selection Aids in spouse selection Section 2: Teenagers and Dating

10 THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 10 Objectives: Identify some of the social problems facing contemporary teenagers. Identify some of the social problems facing contemporary teenagers. Trace the causes and consequences of these problems. Trace the causes and consequences of these problems. Section 3: Challenges of Adolescence

11 THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 11 Social Problems of Contemporary Teenagers Teenage Sexual Behavior Teenage Sexual Behavior Teenage Drug Use Teenage Drug Use Teenage Suicide Teenage Suicide Section 3: Challenges of Adolescence

12 THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 12 Causes and Consequences of Contemporary Problems – Sexual Behavior Cause – loosening of norms concerning sexuality; low-income, one-parent families Cause – loosening of norms concerning sexuality; low-income, one-parent families Consequence – teenage pregnancy; exposure to or acquiring STDs such as syphilis or AIDS Consequence – teenage pregnancy; exposure to or acquiring STDs such as syphilis or AIDS Section 3: Challenges of Adolescence

13 THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 13 Causes and Consequences of Contemporary Problems – Drug Use Cause – dropping out of school; having friends who use drugs; social and academic adjustment problems; hostile and rejecting family setting Cause – dropping out of school; having friends who use drugs; social and academic adjustment problems; hostile and rejecting family setting Consequence – increase in the use of some drugs among teens; increase in drug-related violence Consequence – increase in the use of some drugs among teens; increase in drug-related violence Section 3: Challenges of Adolescence

14 THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 14 Causes and Consequences of Contemporary Problems – Suicide Cause – alcohol or drug use; triggering events such as a family crisis or other trials of adolescence; being female; social isolation, living in an underpopulated area, bad family environment; cluster effect from publicized suicides Cause – alcohol or drug use; triggering events such as a family crisis or other trials of adolescence; being female; social isolation, living in an underpopulated area, bad family environment; cluster effect from publicized suicides Consequence – death; possible cluster effects leading to other teenage suicides; rise in U.S. teenage suicide rate; teen suicide rate now exceeds that for adults Consequence – death; possible cluster effects leading to other teenage suicides; rise in U.S. teenage suicide rate; teen suicide rate now exceeds that for adults Section 3: Challenges of Adolescence


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