Presentation on theme: "CHAPTER 6 The Adolescent in Society"— Presentation transcript:
1CHAPTER 6 The Adolescent in Society Sociology4/1/2017CHAPTER 6 The Adolescent in SocietySection 1: Adolescence in Our SocietySection 2: Teenagers and DatingSection 3: Challenges of AdolescenceChapter 6
2Objectives: Section 1: Adolescence in Our Society Explain how adolescence developed as a distinct stage of the life cycle in the United States.Identify the five general characteristics of adolescence.
3How Adolescence Developed as a Stage of the Life Cycle Section 1: Adolescence in Our SocietyHow Adolescence Developed as a Stage of the Life CycleThrough Education – children stay in school longer; extended period of dependenceThrough Work – laws restricted child labor, also increasing length of dependenceThrough Courts – juvenile-justice system legally distinguished between youth and adults
4Five General Characteristics of Adolescence Section 1: Adolescence in Our SocietyFive General Characteristics of AdolescenceBiological Growth and Development – various biological changes such as changes in body proportions and acneUndefined Status – adolescent expectations are often vagueIncreased Decision Making – must make some of their own decisions
5Five General Characteristics of Adolescence Section 1: Adolescence in Our SocietyFive General Characteristics of Adolescence(continued)Increased Pressure – adolescents are faced with pressure from many sourcesThe Search for Self – deciding what is really important
6Objectives: Section 2: Teenagers and Dating Summarize how dating developed as a form of social interaction.Describe the functions that dating fulfills.
7Development of Dating Section 2: Teenagers and Dating Industrial Revolution – people moved from the farms to the cities where young adults could gain more economic freedom and their own home. As a result, parental control over young adults and courtship decreased.Public Education – by the 1900s most secondary school students attended coeducational public schools which increased interaction between boys and girls
8Development of Dating Section 2: Teenagers and Dating (continued)Automobile – young adults had more freedom of movement away from parentsTelephone – young adults could more easily talk to members of the opposite sexEquality of Women – more women entered the workforce and took on more active community roles which increased the interaction between single adult men and women
9Functions of Dating Section 2: Teenagers and Dating Serves as a form of entertainmentIs a means of socialization that teaches people about the opposite sexFills psychological needs such as companionshipHelps individuals attain status as people are judged in part by whom they dateAids in spouse selection
10Objectives: Section 3: Challenges of Adolescence Identify some of the social problems facing contemporary teenagers.Trace the causes and consequences of these problems.
11Social Problems of Contemporary Teenagers Section 3: Challenges of AdolescenceSocial Problems of Contemporary TeenagersTeenage Sexual BehaviorTeenage Drug UseTeenage Suicide
12Causes and Consequences of Contemporary Problems – Sexual Behavior Section 3: Challenges of AdolescenceCauses and Consequences of Contemporary Problems – Sexual BehaviorCause – loosening of norms concerning sexuality; low-income, one-parent familiesConsequence – teenage pregnancy; exposure to or acquiring STDs such as syphilis or AIDS
13Causes and Consequences of Contemporary Problems – Drug Use Section 3: Challenges of AdolescenceCauses and Consequences of Contemporary Problems – Drug UseCause – dropping out of school; having friends who use drugs; social and academic adjustment problems; hostile and rejecting family settingConsequence – increase in the use of some drugs among teens; increase in drug-related violence
14Causes and Consequences of Contemporary Problems – Suicide Section 3: Challenges of AdolescenceCauses and Consequences of Contemporary Problems – SuicideCause – alcohol or drug use; triggering events such as a family crisis or other trials of adolescence; being female; social isolation, living in an underpopulated area, bad family environment; cluster effect from publicized suicidesConsequence – death; possible cluster effects leading to other teenage suicides; rise in U.S. teenage suicide rate; teen suicide rate now exceeds that for adults