Presentation on theme: "Floors & Flooring Of all the furnishings in a room, the floor receives the most abuse. Numerous materials are used for flooring (wood, carpet, ceramic."— Presentation transcript:
1 Floors & FlooringOf all the furnishings in a room, the floor receives the most abuse.Numerous materials are used for flooring (wood, carpet, ceramic tile, concrete, stone and brick).Flooring sets the mood of the room.When selecting background for a room, start with the floor and work up.
2 When selecting the floor remember: appearancedurabilitymaintenance
3 Floors are constantly subjected to: - dirt and spills- heavy traffic- the weight of furniture
4 Floor CoveringsFloor coverings must be attractive, serviceable, durable and harmonize with the rest of the room.Floor coverings are often the most expensive part of a redecoration project, but quality will pay off over time.
5 Type of flooring chosen depends on: the purpose of the roomthe amount of traffic flowing through ithow much maintenance the flooring requiresand whether it coordinates with the decorative scheme
6 Materials for floors can be divided into two types: Finish flooring.. is considered a permanent part of the floor.Floor coverings that are non-permanent
7 Types of FlooringWood is the most popular finish flooring, wood is attractive, comfortable and provides warmth to the room. Most can be applied over concrete or wood.Styles:Strip flooringRandom PlankParquet
8 Wood FlooringIn areas where people stand a lot (kitchens) consider a floating floor with a foam underlayment. It is more cushioned than a fastened or glued-down floor.This is a pad!
9 Wood FlooringWhen laying a floor orient the boards to the longest wall. This creates a optical illusion, making the room appear larger than it really is.
10 Hardwood (ex: oak and maple) is made either into planks that fit together with tongue- and-groove joints or strips that are fastened to the sub-flooring by nails and glue. The wood comes both pre-finished (factory-stained and sealed) and unfinished styles.
11 Parquet (small pieces of wood arranged in different designs, such as herringbone and checkerboard). Parquet come in pre-finished squares and are easily installed.Softwoods (ex: pine and alder) are much more susceptible to scratching, denting, and overall wear than hardwoods.
12 Engineered WoodA stable stack of wood veneers glued together like a plywood sandwich and made into strips that look like solid boards.A thin layer of hardwood is glued on the top. The harder wood the top layer, the more resilient it is to dents and the longer it’ll keep its like-new looks.Polyurethane protects the top veneer.
14 For added strength and stability, each underlying layer of wood grain runs at 90̊ to its neighbors. Currently, engineered wood flooring accounts for 30% of the wood flooring sold in America today.
15 Slate, Stone, and Brick may be used indoors or outdoors is often used for patios, porches, and entrance hallsis not comfortable to stand on for long periods of time.
16 Types of Flooring: Stone Marble- the colors depend on the area of the world where it was quarried.
17 Types of Flooring: Stone Terrazzo-broken pieces ofstone are used to maketerrazzo.It is often used in ItalianRenaissance style rooms
18 Types of Flooring: Stone Travertine- is a porous limestone that can be formed into tiles that can be used on floors and walls.
19 Types of Flooring: Ceramic Tile made of baked clayoriginated in Egyptabout 4700 B.C.is often named after the cityor areas from which theyoriginate.
20 Ceramic TileIt is moisture resistant, durable, easy to clean, but it chips and cracks easily.Tile is often used in baths and kitchens but can become slippery.Tiles come in various sizes.The space between the tiles is filled with cement like substance called grout.
21 Ceramic MosaicIndividual tiles are mounted together on a sheet to help keep them together and make installation easier.
22 Mexican Tile made from clay taken directly from the ground shaped by hand which results in uneven thicknessdried in a sun and often have prints of leaves, animal tracks.
23 Concrete Flooring easy to clean and extremely durable It can be hard on people’s feet and joints if stood or walked on for long periods of time.It is often used in large stores, restaurants, garages and utility rooms.It can be painted, stained or treated to be attractive.
24 Other Types of Flooring Quarry tileVinylLinoleum
25 Floor Coverings Resilient flooring flooring with a semi-hard surface that returns to it’s original shape after stress.it is warmer and quieter than finish flooringit is not quite as durable as finish flooringIt is sold in tiles, self-adhesive tiles and sheet form
26 Vinyl Flooring one of the best resilient coverings. resists many stains, including grease and bleachdurable and easy to cleancomes in many patterns and colorscan have no-wax finish with built in luster
27 Asphalt Asphalt is the least expensive resilient covering. It can be damaged by grease or dented so it may not be good for kitchens,but it is a good cover for concrete floors
28 Rubber resists denting and most stains is quiet and easy to walk on often used in hospitalfor “static electricity”reduction
29 Cork flooring is environmentally GREEN quiet and comfortable but is easily damagednot stain- or grease- resistantbest used on area of lighttraffic
30 Rugs are made in one piece and have finished edges come in different sizes, colors, shapes and qualitycan be moved from room to room or one home to anothercan be turned to distributewear more evenly
31 CarpetCarpeting can provide an unbroken area of color and texture and can make a room seem spacious.
32 Carpet Characteristics insulates the floor against draftsmuffles noiseprovides a feeling of comfort and luxuryis durablereduces falls due to slippingeasy to maintainSome carpet fibers are designed to resist grease, stains and oil spills.
33 Carpet Paddingdoubles the life of a carpet by acting as a shock absorberadds to the comfort and quietprovides extra insulationprevents carpet from slidingshould be colorfast so color won’t bleed through
34 Carpet color and design is the most noticeable feature of carpetingcan create different effects and feelingscan be patterned with geometric or floral designs repeated in curtains and walls
35 Carpet color and design tweed & patterned carpets hide footprints & dirtthe decorating scheme of a room is often determined by the carpet color.use of a single color throughout the home or business provides a unifying feeling
36 Broadloom Carpet is manufactured in rolls up to 18 feet wide Broadloom Carpet is manufactured in rolls up to 18 feet wide. Seams are taped or sewed together; the entire carpet is fastened to the floor.
37 Carpet Tiles are single squares that are easy to install Tiles are convenient because if worn or soiled, a single square or an area can be taken up for cleaning or replacement.
38 Carpet is made from either: Natural Fibers used to make carpeting come from plants or animals; usually cotton, linen or wool.Manufactured synthetic fibers like nylon are used to make carpets. About 90% of all carpets and rugs are made of manufactured fibers.Recycled carpet can be remade into new carpet.
39 Carpet QualityThe quality of carpeting is determined by fiber content, construction, depth of pile, and density of pile.The GRIN Test helps determines quality.Bend back the carpet sample. Notice the amount of space between the yarns and how the yarns are attached. The more yarn that is used in a carpet, the denser and more durable the pile will be.
41 Carpet Texture is created by a variety of fibers being looped, twisted, or cut to make different textures and to influence the quality of the carpet.
42 Discussion QuestionIn the small space provided in your notes, list the floorings used in your current home. On the left side list the Finish floorings and the right side list the Floor Coverings.Finish Coverings