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ROME RECONSTRUCTED These pictures are reconstructions in drawings and models of what ancient Rome looked like at various periods. Go to Slide Show and.

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Presentation on theme: "ROME RECONSTRUCTED These pictures are reconstructions in drawings and models of what ancient Rome looked like at various periods. Go to Slide Show and."— Presentation transcript:

1 ROME RECONSTRUCTED These pictures are reconstructions in drawings and models of what ancient Rome looked like at various periods. Go to Slide Show and View Show. Either go through the presentation with mouse clicks or use this Table of Contents to go to a particular picture and use Return to Contents to come back here. Panoramic view of Rome General view of centre (model) View of Centre (model) View of outer areas (model) The Aurelian city walls View of the Forum 1 View of the Forum 2 View of the Forum and Capitoline Hill The Capitoline Hill The Palatine Hill View from the Palatine Hill The Campus Martius The Circus Maximus The Forum Boarium The Baths of Diocletian Mansion on the Janiculum Hill A Street Scene The Appian Way Aqueducts Suggestion: right mouse button and choose Full Screen; you then have access to the buttons at bottom left if you need them.

2 ROME RECONSTRUCTED A panoramic view of the city of Rome in about 330 A.D. The new city walls built by Aurelian were 12 miles in length and enclosed the whole city; the dangers from invaders from the north were beginning to grow. Return to Contents

3 ROME RECONSTRUCTED A general view of Rome; this is part of a model called Il Plastico which has been made at a scale of 1:243 Return to Contents

4 ROME RECONSTRUCTED A more detailed view of a section of the Il Plastico model. In the centre is the Colosseum and below it the Palatine Hill and the Circus Maximus. Return to Contents

5 ROME RECONSTRUCTED A more detailed view of one section of the Il Plastico model. Return to Contents

6 ROME RECONSTRUCTED The Aurelian Walls, built in the third century AD. Rome had always had walls but these enclosed a huge area. There were 16 gates and 383 towers in the wall. On the right is the Flaminian Gate. Return to Contents

7 ROME RECONSTRUCTED View of part of the Forum Romanum. It had special market halls and many temples built by the Emperors as well as the house of the Senate. Return to Contents

8 ROME RECONSTRUCTED A view of the Forum Romanum as it was at the time of the Emperor Augustus. Return to Contents

9 ROME RECONSTRUCTED View of the Roman Forum with the Capitoline Hill in the background. Return to Contents

10 ROME RECONSTRUCTED The Capitoline Hill. On its summit is the temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus (Best and Greatest). The rock in front is called the Tarpeian Rock; this was the place from which parricides (people who kill their fathers) and similar criminals are cast down to their death after trial. Return to Contents

11 ROME RECONSTRUCTED View of the Palatine Hill and surrounding buildings; use the index on the right to identify particular buildings. Return to Contents

12 ROME RECONSTRUCTED This view looks from the Palatine Hill down across part of the Forum to the Colosseum. Use the index to the right to get the details. Return to Contents

13 ROME RECONSTRUCTED The Campus Martius. In earlier times, this was an open space where soldiers drilled and people exercised horses. It was also where Romans went at election time to cast their votes. Gradually the area got built up with temples, theatres, gymnasia, as well as residential buildings. Return to Contents

14 ROME RECONSTRUCTED The Circus Maximus; there was space for 250,000 spectators, it was 2000 feet long by 650 feet wide. The imperial box is opposite the turn round the Spina, the central reservation. Towering over the Circus are the emperors palaces on the Palatine Hill. Return to Contents

15 ROME RECONSTRUCTED The Forum Boarium, seen from the Tiber, looking towards the Palatine Hill. Central to the food supply in Rome. Nearby was the Forum Holitorium, the vegetable market, and also the Statio Annonae, the organisation responsible for the dole of bread which every Roman citizen could have every day. Return to Contents

16 ROME RECONSTRUCTED The Baths of Diocletian. They could accommodate 3,000 people in the various areas. The baths spread over 27 acres. Return to Contents

17 ROME RECONSTRUCTED A mansion on the Janiculum Hill. There were nearly 1,400 of these mansions in 4 th Century Rome. They have extensive grounds, with formal gardens adorned with fountains, statues, steps and covered walks. They are the homes of the great and the good of ancient Rome. They live a life totally divorced from that of most Romans. Return to Contents

18 ROME RECONSTRUCTED A street scene. Notice the arch of the aqueduct carrying the citys water supply. Traffic is banned during the hours of daylight. Here and there some important person is being carried in a litter. The ground floors of the blocks of flats (insulae) are usually shops; above are apartments – the higher up, the cheaper and less spacious. Return to Contents

19 ROME RECONSTRUCTED The Appian Way. For the first few miles out of Rome the road is lined with tombs, some of them grandiose marble monuments to distinguished individuals, some more modest affairs, and some communal vaults for whole families or funeral clubs. Inside such tombs there are niches for the urns containing the ashes of each member of the family or club. Return to Contents

20 ROME RECONSTRUCTED Two of the many aqueducts that brought water to Rome from the hills. The Claudia, the taller one, carries two aqueducts, one 43 miles long, the other 54 miles. The Via Latina runs alongside the aqueduct and there is a cross road going over the major highway of the Via Appia. Return to Contents

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