JerashJerash, located 48 kilometers north of Amman is considered one of the largest and most well-preserved sites of Roman architecture in the world outside Italy. To this day, its colonnaded streets, baths, theaters, plazas and arches remain in exceptional condition. Within the remaining city walls, archaeologists have found the ruins of settlements dating back to the Neolithic Age, indicating human occupation at this location for more than 6500 years. This is not surprising, as the area is ideally suited for human habitation. Jerash.
This arch was erected and dedicated to the Emperor Hadrian on the occasion of his visit to the city in A-D. 129/130. An inscription recording the event was built into the gate on the side facing the city, the name of the person who dedicated it, Flavius Agrippa, is also recorded, and the ancient name of the city, Antioch on the Chrysorrhoas
The colonnade surrounding the Forum was probably erected some time during the second century A.D., and rests on a great wall 32 feet 6 inches in depth, all of which is buried. The enclosed space is paved, and in the centre is a plinth for a statue.
One of the chief buildings of the city, this temple was approached from the Forum by a great flight of steps supported on vaults, many of which still remain. An inscription found in the Forum records that "Theon, son of Demetrius, gave 7100 drachmas of Tyrian silver for the building of Zeus Olympius" (A.D. 69-70). But the site was sacred one long before this date.
This theatre contains 32 tiers of seats, the lower rows of which are numbered in Greek, and could presumably be reserved. It could accommodate obout 4000 people. An inscription on the wall at the right ao the stage tells that a Statue of Victory which once stood there was presented by a non-commissioned officer of the army of Titus in A.D. 70, and cost 3000 drachmas
This was the main street of the city, running from the Forum at the south to the North Gate, a distance of just over 800 metres. It was originally flanked by 260 columns on either side, and all the principal public buildings of the city had their entrance from it. Here also were the best shops, and the cuts made by the weels of many passing chariots can still be seen in the great paving blocks.
Baths were an essential part of Roman life, fulfilling the functions of the modern club, and were always large and impressive buildings. This great arch of the East Baths gives some idea of the size of the original building
This consisted of four arches and a central dome, erected at the junction of the main street and the street which led to the North Theatre and the North - west Gate.
From here started the Roman road to Pella and the cities of the north