Presentation on theme: "Chapter 5 Section 3: Culture and Society in the Roman World"— Presentation transcript:
1Chapter 5 Section 3: Culture and Society in the Roman World
2Objectives: List important Roman poets, writers, and historians Examine Roman Art and Architecture
3Roman Art and Architecture During the 2nd and 3rd centuries B.C., the Romans adopted many features of the Greek style of art.Statues were placed in private homes, and reproductions of popular Greek statues were used.Roman style differed from Greek in that Roman sculptors produced realistic statues that included even unpleasant physical details.
5Romans excelled in architecture, and used Greek styles as well. Romans also used forms based on curved lines: arch, vault, and dome.Used large amounts of concrete.Romans built a network of about 50,000 miles of roads.In Rome itself, almost a dozen aqueducts kept a population of one million supplied with water.
9Roman LiteratureThe high point of Latin literature was reached in the Age of Augustus.Most distinguished poet of the Augustan Age was VirgilFrom northern Italy near Mantua.Wrote his greatest work, the Aeneid in honor of Rome.Story of Aeneas, the ideal Roman with virtues of duty, piety, and faithfulness.
10Another Augustan poet was Horace, a friend of Virgil. Wrote Satires, which points out the “follies and vices of his age”.Horace’s work often poked fun at the weakness of humans.
11The most famous work of the Latin age was done by a historian named Livy, who wrote The History of Rome.In 142 books he traced Roman history. Only 35 have survived.Livy’s weakness as a historian: he was not concerned with factual accuracy.
12Conclusion Summarize the lesson: I learned that… For example… Therefore…However…
13Objectives Examine the Role of the Family Identify the implications of slaveryEvaluate the daily life of Roman Citizens
14The Roman FamilyThe Roman family was headed by the paterfamilias- the dominate male.Households also included wives, sons and their wives and children, and unmarried daughters.Children were raised at home, and upper class children were expected to read.Fathers made decisions for education: teach them himself, provide for a tutor, or send to school.Teachers were often Greek slaves.This was because Romans had to learn Greek as well as Latin to prosper in the empire.
15Roman boys learned reading ,writing, moral principles, family values, law, and physical training to prepare them to be soldiers.End of childhood was marked at age 16 with a special celebration of a new style of toga.
17Attitudes towards Women Female weakness- necessary for male guardiansLegal marriage age- 12, although 14 was more common. Male legal age- 14, but older was more common.Marriage was meant for life, but divorce was introduced in the third century B.C. and was fairly easy for both parties.
18Changing RolesBy 2nd century B.C. the paterfamilias no longer had complete control.Upper class woman in the early Empire had more rights.Attend races, the theater, and events in the amphitheater. They were forced to sit in a separate female section
19SlaverySlavery was very common in the ancient world, and often times they were treated poorly.In demand in a variety of fields, and often used in building roads and public buildings.Some slaves revolted against their owners, causing them to live in fear.Most famous slave revolt occurred in 73 B.C., under the leadership of a gladiator named Spartacus.
20Daily Life in Rome Rome was overcrowded, congested, and dangerous. The very wealthy lived in comfortable villas while the poor lived in large family units in apartment blocks called insulae.The insuale were poorly built and often collapsed. Fire was very common.Most Romans spent much of their time outdoors in the streets.
21Public ProgramsThere were a great deal of public buildings and programs.Examples: temples, markets, government buildings and amphitheaters.Emperors (beginning with Augustus) provided food for the poor.Entertainment: Circus Maximus, Dramatic Performances, and Gladiator fights.