(Fire Attack) Strategy: The Goal, what has to be done Tactic: the objective,how will it be done Task: the assigned activity, who will do it Strategy = The Incident Commander Tactic: The Operations/Divis ion Officer Task:: The Firefighters, perform the functions
Command Sequence Think! Plan! Act! Think:: Size Up, Pre-Fire Plan, and Goal Plan: Strategy and Tactics Act: Implementation Incident Commander to Operations to Firefighter/ Groups
Questions To Ask What do I Have? What am I doing What do I need? Where is it going? How do I control it? Who is in command?
Strategic Concepts In Firefighting (McAniff) OFFENSIVE: Direct attack at seat of fire. Normally at Incipient Stage, this solves all problems. OFFENSIVE/DEFENSIVE: An attack on the main body of fire, while taking measures to control extension. DEFENSIVE/OFFENSIVE: A holding action,it keeps fire in reasonable bounds while more forces are called. DEFENSIVE: Surround and Drown, protect the exposures. INDIRECT: A Contained/Confined smoldering fire, where use of steam expansion is taken advantage of and there is no rescue.
General Principles of Firefighting (Norman) Lacking sufficient manpower,rescue takes precedence. Remove those in greatest danger first! With insufficient manpower to perform needed tasks, perform those that protect the most first. When sufficient manpower is available coordinate both rescue and fire attack. If there are no threats to occupants or no occupants, Firefighters should no be unduly endangered.
Engine Company Operations Aggressive attacks are a necessity. Begin suppression as soon as possible. Choose the proper operating mode OFFENSIVE DEFENSIVE INDIRECT
Basic Fire Ground Strategy and Tactics When a human life is at stake an interior attack is mandated. 1st hose line to worst case before worrying about other hose lines. If attack stalled increase ventilation or water flow, or both. If not working CHANGE TACTICS! When effective offensive attack is not possible or has not succeeded in 20 minutes, prepare defensive positions When forced to defensive mode consider the possible effect of total structure involvement.
LOCATECONFINE EXTINGUISH LET CIRCUMSTANCES DICTATE PROCEDURES…ERR ON THE SIDE OF SAFETY.
Sources: IMS by NFPA Fire Attack by Emergency Resources Inc. Fire Officers Handbook of Tactics by John Norman Strategic Concepts in Fire Fighting by Edward P. McAniff
DISCUSSION Residential Garage Car Fires Strip Mall/Deluge gun Mid-Rise/Outside balcony Nursing Home
The Plaza: 8220-8224-8228 Jog Rd. Boynton Beach Q.A.S. Strategy and Tactics Exercise
Assisted Care Living Facility 3 Story Building: Type 5P – Concrete and wood – 1 hour. Ext. block walls, poured conc. Floors. 1 st fl. 53,000 #ft (core style hallways) 2 nd & 3 rd flrs. @37,8000 #ft (center style hallways Roof: Tile, wood truss/joist Standpipes/Sprinklers 145 apartments