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Slide 5-1 UNIT 5: WATER SUPPLY, FIXED FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEMS, AND SALVAGE.

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Presentation on theme: "Slide 5-1 UNIT 5: WATER SUPPLY, FIXED FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEMS, AND SALVAGE."— Presentation transcript:

1 Slide 5-1 UNIT 5: WATER SUPPLY, FIXED FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEMS, AND SALVAGE

2 Slide 5-2 OBJECTIVES Identify the principles of water supply and tactics for establishing water supplies using municipal sources, static sources, and portable sources.Identify the principles of water supply and tactics for establishing water supplies using municipal sources, static sources, and portable sources. Identify the principles and tactics to achieve salvage.Identify the principles and tactics to achieve salvage. Explain the correct procedures and select the appropriate size hoselines for attaching to a fire department connection.Explain the correct procedures and select the appropriate size hoselines for attaching to a fire department connection. The students will:

3 Slide 5-3 OBJECTIVES (cont'd) Describe the procedures for deployment of a hoseline from a standpipe system.Describe the procedures for deployment of a hoseline from a standpipe system. Using the command sequence cycle, develop a water supply action plan based on the incident presented.Using the command sequence cycle, develop a water supply action plan based on the incident presented. Using the command sequence cycle, develop a salvage action plan based on the incident presented.Using the command sequence cycle, develop a salvage action plan based on the incident presented.

4 Slide 5-4 DEFINITION OF WATER SUPPLY The tactical operation of providing sufficient water to meet needed fire flows at fire incidents.

5 Slide 5-5 PRINCIPLE OF WATER SUPPLY Develop water supply adequate to support all fireground operations.

6 Slide 5-6 MUNICIPAL WATER SUPPLY Pump WaterTower City Pump Gravity Source

7 Slide 5-7 MUNICIPAL WATER SYSTEMS Know quantity of water available.Know quantity of water available. Flow is determined at low demand times.Flow is determined at low demand times.

8 Slide 5-8 DEAD END MAINS LOOP SYSTEM Water Distribution

9 Slide 5-9 MUNICIPAL WATER SYSTEM Select size and number of supply lines

10 Slide ft. 10 psi Residual 65 psi Hose Size 2-1/2"3"3-1/2"4"5" gpm flowing ,250 1,250 Source: Fire Stream Management Handbook, p. 16. FLOW WITH INCREASED HOSE DIAMETER

11 Slide 5-11 STATIC WATER SYSTEMS Preplan to locate sourcesPreplan to locate sources Use relay pumpingUse relay pumping

12 Slide 5-12 RELAYING WATER 700 feet 2-1/2" Hose 1,200 feet 5" Hose

13 Slide 5-13 PORTABLE WATER SOURCES Tanker/Tender effectivenessTanker/Tender effectiveness Tanker/Tender delivery rateTanker/Tender delivery rate

14 Slide 5-14 TANKER/TENDER DELIVERY CYCLE The time it takes a tanker/tender to set up, dump the water, travel to the fill site, fill up, and return to the dump site.

15 Slide 5-15 TANKER/TENDER DELIVERY RATE 2,500 Gallon Tanker/Tender TDR = 125 Gallons Minute 2500 Gallons 20 Minutes = To Dump, Travel, Fill, Travel Back

16 Slide 5-16 SETTING UP FILL AND DUMP SITES Locate for best accessLocate for best access Avoid backing upAvoid backing up Assign water supply officerAssign water supply officer

17 Slide 5-17 WATER SUPPLY COORDINATION Find out required fire flow from Incident Commander (IC).Find out required fire flow from Incident Commander (IC). Coordinate with end users to assure adequate supply for all tactics.Coordinate with end users to assure adequate supply for all tactics.

18 Slide 5-18 WATER SUPPLY PLAN Command Sequence # 7

19 Slide 5-19 REVIEW SIZEUP REPORT OF FIREGROUND CONDITIONS

20 Slide 5-20 SIZEUP REPORT OF FIREGROUND CONDITIONS Initial reportInitial report To be given immediately upon arrival on location Exact location and conditions as observedExact location and conditions as observed – Nothing showing – Size of structure--stories and dimensions--type of construction--occupied or vacant – Smoke/Fire--location and density – Status of occupants--if known – Exposures--Sides A, B, C, D, or other – Engine __ is establishing ___ Street Command.

21 Slide 5-21 SIZEUP REPORT OF FIREGROUND CONDITIONS (cont'd) Subsequent reportSubsequent report Information not immediately reported and/or information developed upon investigation. To be given ASAP or within 5 minutes. Progress reportProgress report To be given by the IC every 10 minutes until fire is under control.

22 Slide 5-22 COMMAND SEQUENCE WATER SUPPLY ACTION PLAN Command Sequence # th Street

23 Slide 5-23 COMMAND SEQUENCE # 7 WALK-AROUND PLOT PLAN

24 Slide 5-24 Walk-around th St. Command Sequence # 7 Four-story, 60' x 80', ordinary construction. Occupancy is a clothing distributor. All occupants have been removed. Building is not sprinklered. Side A Side D N

25 Slide 5-25 Sides A and B Walk-around th St. Command Sequence # 7 Side B Side A

26 Slide 5-26 Side B Walk-around th St. Command Sequence # 7 Walkway Side C

27 Slide 5-27 Sides B and C Side CSide B Walkway Side C Exposure C1 Walk-around th St. Command Sequence # 7

28 Slide 5-28 Sides C and D Side D Side C Walk-around th St. Command Sequence # 7

29 Slide 5-29 Sides A and D Walk-around th St. Command Sequence # 7 Side A Side D

30 Slide 5-30 COMMAND SEQUENCE # 7 1ST ALARM RESOURCES Engine 1Engine 1 Engine 2Engine 2 Engine 3Engine 3 Truck 1Truck 1 Squad 1Squad 1 Battalion Chief 1Battalion Chief 1 – All companies staffed with four firefighters – Battalion Chief 1: 30-minute response

31 Slide th Street Command Sequence # 7 Heavy fire two windows, second floor, Side A. Medium smoke upper floors. All occupants have been removed. Building is not sprinklered. Side A Thursday 4PM Wind 10 MPH Out of the South Temperature 9°F N

32 Slide 5-32 Stair and Elevator Shaft Breezeway To 1st Floor Reception Area Parking N Side A Side C Side B Side D th St.

33 Slide 5-33 WHAT IS THE SITUATION? (SIZEUP) Sizeup report example: On location at th Street, four-story building, 60' x 80', ordinary construction, occupied as a clothing distributor.On location at th Street, four-story building, 60' x 80', ordinary construction, occupied as a clothing distributor. Heavy fire and smoke two windows, second floor Side A, medium smoke upper floors.Heavy fire and smoke two windows, second floor Side A, medium smoke upper floors. All occupants have been removed.All occupants have been removed. Exposure Side C is an attached walkway, no other immediate exposures.Exposure Side C is an attached walkway, no other immediate exposures. Engine 1 is establishing 18th Street Command.Engine 1 is establishing 18th Street Command.

34 Slide 5-34 WATER SUPPLY ACTION PLAN

35 Slide 5-35 WHAT CAN BE ACCOMPLISHED? INCIDENT OBJECTIVES Contain and control fire to room/ building of origin.

36 Slide 5-36 WHAT NEEDS TO BE DONE? INCIDENT STRATEGY(IES) Exposure protectionExposure protection Confinement/ExtinguishmentConfinement/Extinguishment VentilationVentilation SalvageSalvage

37 Slide 5-37 HOW ARE YOU GOING TO DO IT? INCIDENT TACTICS Exposure protectionExposure protection – Deploy large diameter hoseline support for water supply – Deploy one 1-3/4-inch hoseline to Side A third floor for exposure protection Confinement/ExtinguishmentConfinement/Extinguishment – Deploy one 2-1/2-inch hoseline to Side A second floor for confinement/extinguishment – Deploy one 1-3/4-inch hoseline to second floor Side A for backup hoseline support VentilationVentilation – Vent roof apertures of fire building – Horizontal ventilation all floors SalvageSalvage – Deploy salvage covers to protect contents – Limit water application where possible

38 Slide 5-38 IMPLEMENT THE WATER SUPPLY ACTION PLAN Communicate assignments clearly to all resources operating on the incident

39 Slide 5-39 EVALUATE THE WATER SUPPLY ACTION PLAN Evaluate progress every 10 minutes.Evaluate progress every 10 minutes. Obtain feedback reports from resources operating on the incident.Obtain feedback reports from resources operating on the incident.

40 Slide th Street Command Sequence # 7 Heavy fire two windows, second floor, Side A. Medium smoke upper floors. All occupants have been removed. Building is not sprinklered. Side A N

41 Slide 5-41 Activity 5.1 Scenario 1 Water Supply 122 M Street

42 Slide 5-42 Walk-around 122 M Street Activity 5.1 Scenario 1 Sides A and D Side A 122 M Street Side D

43 Slide 5-43 Side B Walk-around 122 M Street Activity 5.1 Scenario 1

44 Slide 5-44 Side C Walk-around 122 M Street Activity 5.1 Scenario 1

45 Slide 5-45 Side C Exposure C1 Walk-around 122 M Street Activity 5.1 Scenario 1

46 Slide 5-46 Side D Exposure C2 Walk-around 122 M Street Activity 5.1 Scenario 1

47 Slide 5-47 ACTIVITY 5.1 SCENARIO 1 1ST ALARM RESOURCES Engine 1Engine 1 Engine 2Engine 2 Engine 3Engine 3 Truck 1Truck 1 Tanker/Tender gallonsTanker/Tender gallons Tanker/Tender gallonsTanker/Tender gallons Battalion Chief 1Battalion Chief 1 – All companies staffed with four firefighters – Battalion Chief 1: 30-minute response

48 Slide 5-48 Activity 5.1 Scenario M Street Side C Heavy fire, third floor, Side C. All occupants have been removed.

49 Slide 5-49 N Exposure C1 Exposure C2 Parking Side A Side B Side D Side C 122 M St.

50 Slide 5-50 LR BR Ba K 45' 25' Side A Third Floor Side B Side D Side C 122 M St.

51 Slide 5-51 Activity 5.1 Scenario 2 Water Supply th Street

52 Slide 5-52 Sides A and B Side B Walk-around th Street Activity 5.1 Scenario 2 Side A

53 Slide 5-53 Sides A and B Side A Side B Walk-around th Street Activity 5.1 Scenario 2

54 Slide 5-54 Side C Walk-around th Street Activity 5.1 Scenario 2

55 Slide 5-55 Sides A and D Side A Side D Walk-around th Street Activity 5.1 Scenario 2

56 Slide 5-56 ACTIVITY 5.1 SCENARIO 2 1ST ALARM RESOURCES Engine 1Engine 1 Engine 2Engine 2 Engine 3Engine 3 Truck 1Truck 1 Tanker/Tender gallonsTanker/Tender gallons Tanker/Tender gallonsTanker/Tender gallons Squad 1Squad 1 Battalion Chief 1Battalion Chief 1 – All companies staffed with four firefighters – Battalion Chief 1: 30-minute response

57 Slide 5-57 Side B Side A Heavy fire second floor, Side B. Medium smoke upper floors. Light smoke, Side A. All occupants have been removed. First-floor occupancy uses various acids for mixing. Walk-around th Street Activity 5.2 Scenario 2

58 Slide 5-58 Medium to heavy smoke smoke Sides A and D. Light smoke Side C. All occupants have been removed. Side A Side D th Street Activity 5.1 Scenario 2

59 Slide story Warehouse 1-story E 3-story Office 3-story Warehouse E 50' Fire on Second Floor N 75' E Side A Side B Side C th St. Side D

60 Slide 5-60 Activity 5.1 Scenario 3 Water Supply 567 J Street

61 Slide 5-61 Sides A and D Side D Walk-around 567 J Street Activity 5.1 Scenario 3 Side A

62 Slide 5-62 Side B Side C Sides B and C Walk-around 567 J Street Activity 5.1 Scenario 3

63 Slide 5-63 Side C Side B Walk-around 567 J Street Activity 5.1 Scenario 3

64 Slide 5-64 Side D Walk-around 567 J Street Activity 5.1 Scenario 3

65 Slide 5-65 ACTIVITY 5.1 SCENARIO 3 1ST ALARM RESOURCES Engine 1Engine 1 Engine 2Engine 2 Engine 3Engine 3 Truck 1Truck 1 Tanker/Tender gallonsTanker/Tender gallons Tanker/Tender gallonsTanker/Tender gallons Battalion Chief 1Battalion Chief 1 – All companies staffed with four firefighters – Battalion Chief 1: 30-minute response

66 Slide 5-66 Side D Activity 5.1 Scenario J Street Heavy fire, Side A. Medium smoke upper floors. All occupants have been removed. Side A

67 Slide 5-67 N E Typical all Floors--Fire on First Floor 250' 90' Side B 567 J St. Side C Side D Side A

68 Slide 5-68 SUPPORTING AND USING FIXED FIRE PROTECTION EQUIPMENT

69 Slide 5-69 AUTOMATIC SPRINKLER SYSTEM System of piping, valves, and water discharge headsSystem of piping, valves, and water discharge heads Highly effective in confining or extinguishing firesHighly effective in confining or extinguishing fires

70 Slide 5-70 STANDPIPE SYSTEM System of piping and valves to provide water supply at fire floorSystem of piping and valves to provide water supply at fire floor Provide 2-1/2-inch connection with 500 gpm at 100 psiProvide 2-1/2-inch connection with 500 gpm at 100 psi

71 Slide 5-71 CLASS CONNECTIONMINIMUM MINIMUM SIZE FLOWPRESSURE SIZE FLOWPRESSURE I 2-1/2" 500 gpm 100 psi II 1-1/2" 100 gpm 65 psi II 1-1/2" 100 gpm 65 psi III 2-1/2" to 500 gpm 100 psi III 2-1/2" to 500 gpm 100 psi 1-1/2" 1-1/2"

72 Slide 5-72 PREINCIDENT PLANNING Normal water supply for systemNormal water supply for system Fire pumpFire pump Control valvesControl valves Fire department connectionFire department connection

73 Slide 5-73 CONNECTING TO A FIRE DEPARTMENT CONNECTION One of first alarm companies must connect to system.One of first alarm companies must connect to system. Check for debris in connections.Check for debris in connections. Connection may have only one water supply intake.Connection may have only one water supply intake.

74 Slide 5-74 Clapper Valves No Clapper Valves (a) (b) (b) SIAMESE CONNECTION

75 Slide 5-75 CHECK VALVES From Source To Sprinklers

76 Slide 5-76 CONNECTING ATTACK LINE TO STANDPIPE CONNECTION Standpipe kitStandpipe kit Stretch hose up stairs past fire floorStretch hose up stairs past fire floor Use Wye for smaller attack linesUse Wye for smaller attack lines Look for fire pump activation (pressure surge)Look for fire pump activation (pressure surge) Coordinate pressure with pump operatorCoordinate pressure with pump operator

77 Slide 5-77 LAY HOSE UP STAIRS--NOT DOWN

78 Slide 5-78 COORDINATE WITH OTHER TACTICAL ASSIGNMENTS Other hoselinesOther hoselines Water supplyWater supply VentilationVentilation LadderingLaddering Air supplyAir supply Other support functionsOther support functions

79 Slide 5-79 SAFETY CONSIDERATIONS Can risks be managed?Can risks be managed? Coordination.Coordination. Keep IC informed.Keep IC informed. Be aware of time and structural conditions.Be aware of time and structural conditions. You are the safety officer for your crew.You are the safety officer for your crew.

80 Slide 5-80 WATER SUPPLY FIXED SYSTEMS Command Sequence # 8

81 Slide 5-81 COMMAND SEQUENCE WATER SUPPLY ACTION PLAN FIXED SYSTEMS Command Sequence # R Street

82 Slide 5-82 REVIEW SIZEUP REPORT OF FIREGROUND CONDITIONS

83 Slide 5-83 COMMAND SEQUENCE # 8 WALK-AROUND PLOT PLAN

84 Slide 5-84 SIZEUP REPORT OF FIREGROUND CONDITIONS Initial reportInitial report To be given immediately upon arrival on location Exact location and conditions as observedExact location and conditions as observed – Nothing showing – Size of structure--stories and dimensions--type of construction--occupied or vacant – Smoke/Fire--location and density – Status of occupants--if known – Exposures--Sides A, B, C, D, or other – Engine is establishing ___ Street Command.

85 Slide 5-85 SIZEUP REPORT OF FIREGROUND CONDITIONS (cont'd) Subsequent reportSubsequent report Information not immediately reported and/or information developed upon investigation. To be given ASAP or within 5 minutes. Progress reportProgress report To be given by the IC every 10 minutes until fire is under control.

86 Slide 5-86 COMMAND SEQUENCE WATER SUPPLY FIXED SYSTEMS ACTION PLAN Command Sequence # R Street

87 Slide 5-87 Side A Walk-around 100 R Street Command Sequence # 8 Six-story building, 75' X 300', mill construction, occupied as outlet stores. Building contains sprinklers and standpipes. Side B N First floor Second floor Third floor Fourth floor Fifth floor Sixth floor


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