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1 Engine Company Riding Positions Handline Stretching.

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1 1 Engine Company Riding Positions Handline Stretching

2 2 Engine company operations make up a large portion of the daily tasks we face on a routine basis. Engine placement and a proper hand line deployment is the foundation for a successful operation.

3 3 4 The student will have an understanding of the riding positions associated with the engine company and how engine company operations are applied on the fire ground.

4 4 4 Standard Company Function 4 Engine Company Riding Assignments 4 Fire Behavior 4 Hose line Selection 4 Offensive Attack 4 Defense Attack

5 5 STANDARD COMPANY FUNCTIONS First Engine –Front of Building –Leave room for ladder company –Investigate Second Engine –Staging Area –Announce Location –Select Hydrant NON- FIRE

6 6 STANDARD COMPANY FUNCTIONS First Engine –Front of Building –Leave room for the ladder company FIRE –Size-up (RECEO VS) Rescue Exposure Confined Extinguish Overhaul Vent Salvage

7 7 STANDARD COMPANY FUNCTIONS First Engine (continued) –Rescue if needed –Water Supply: Don’t pass hydrant –Fire Attack: Appropriate hand line Primary Function: Get & sustain water Lives can be saved with proper placement FIRE

8 8 STANDARD COMPANY FUNCTIONS Second Engine –Support water supply –Assure first line functional/Operating –Back-up line: Same or larger FIRE

9 9 STANDARD COMPANY FUNCTIONS Third Engine –Division “C” –Direction of Incident Commander –Establish Water Supply –Report Conditions FIRE

10 10 RIDING POSITIONS CHAUFFEUR Radio SCBA Light Halligan Set Pump Chock apparatus Water Supply Assist Line Deployment Fire Dept. Conn. Lighting Traffic Control

11 11 RIDING POSITIONS OFFICER Radio SCBA Light Halligan High-rise - Extender Bag Thermal Camera Size Up Situation Coordinate Fire Attack Confine/Extinguish Fire Accountability

12 12 RIDING POSITIONS NOZZLE Radio SCBA Light Handline High Rise Hose Tool Box Extinguisher Deploy Handline Confine/Extinguish Rescue As Needed

13 13 RIDING POSITIONS CONTROL Radio SCBA Light Irons Hydra Ram Remainder of line Force Entry As Needed Assist Nozzle Rescue As Needed

14 14 RIDING POSITIONS HYDRANT Radio Light SCBA Humat Valve - Tools 6’ Hook Make Hydrant Connection Assist inside work

15 15 FIRE BEHAVIOR Incipient Stage –Heat/smoke light –Approach close –Full flow not required –Directly apply stream on burning material

16 16 FIRE BEHAVIOR Free Burning –Greatly increased fire –Near Flashover or past 1300 degrees –Large volume of smoke –No water on smoke: Get to the base of fire –Look, listen, temperature change –Combination attack: “T” or “Z” pattern –Quick burst overhead until darkened –Lower angle onto contents

17 17 FIRE BEHAVIOR Smoldering Staging –Fire progressed through first two stages –Limited O2 supply –High heat/smoke –Heat may deny entry –Fire may make entry difficult/impossible –Reduce exposure of backdraft –Vent is needed high

18 18 HOSELINE SELECTION 1 3/4 Preconnect - Speed - Maneuverability - Mobility - 6 Lengths Max. - Residential - Strip Stores (When Appropriate) 2 1/2 Preconnect - 2 Companies - Commercial Watch Video- “ The 2 1/2 Line”

19 19 2 1/2” HOSELINE SELECTION Advanced fire on arrival Defensive operations Unable to determine extent Large, uncompartmented areas Tons of water Standpipe system operations “ADULTS”

20 20 HOSELINE SELECTION How long a line? Stretch Short –Get pinned down –Unable to advance –Fill-in with 2 1/2” or 3” to 1 3/4” high rise hose

21 21 HOSELINE SELECTION Over stretch –Kinks –Extra weight Rule of thumb –Add length + depth of building –Add 50’ for each additional floor –Add distance from pump to building

22 22 STRETCHING THE LINE Nozzle position –Nozzle –First 50’ –Stretch dry if possible

23 23 STRETCHING THE LINE Control position –Get extra line near the building- flake out –Advance as needed –Do not push –Keep control of couplings –Get into the doorway –Keep “S” pattern with hose in hallway

24 24 STRETCHING THE LINE Chock doors where needed –Prevents hose hang-up –Line charged on closed door –Place chock above bottom hinge

25 25 PLACEMENT OF LINE Protect Life –Between victim/fire –Staircase Confine fire Extinguish fire Advance from unburn side Use the front door

26 26 OFFENSIVE ATTACK Gather Information –Prior to attacking –Trapped victims –Location of fire –What is burning –Exposures –Everyone must do a size-up

27 27 OFFENSIVE ATTACK First hose line –Watch downfalls –Occupied-- Fire/Occupants –Unoccupied-- Confine fire

28 28 Constantly Move Forward –Stretch dry to safe area –Front door-- landing –Stairwell –Floor below –Door to basement- Do not descend dry Future actions hinge on this task Back-up line-- second engine OFFENSIVE ATTACK

29 29 TEAMWORK Nozzle Position –Hit High –Sweep in front Control Position –Makes nozzle position easier –Reassure nozzle –Keep line low –Nozzle moves left-- Control moves right –Never push nozzle man ahead

30 30 TEAMWORK Evaluate –Shut down –Look at effect of stream Maintain Control –Observe conditions –Monitor advance –Be aware of members above fire (OV).

31 31 TIPS TO NOZZLE MOVEMENT Straight stream on the beams Stay low, go slow No glow, no flow

32 32 DEFENSIVE ATTACK Interior Attack Not Possible – Fire gains control – Initial fire forces not enough – Exposures – Material Involved

33 33 DEFENSIVE ATTACK Offensive to Defensive –Interior Attack Fails –Building components failing –Control fire Watch Video- “ Stretching The Initial Attack Handline” by The Late Great Andy Fredricks, FDNY

34 34 REVIEW 4 Standard Company Function 4 Engine Company Riding Assignments 4 Fire Behavior 4 Hose line Selection 4 Offensive Attack 4 Defense Attack

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