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OPERATIONS ORDER (OPORD). 5 Paragraph OPORD 1.Situation 2.Mission 3.Execution 4.Service Support 5.Command and Signal.

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Presentation on theme: "OPERATIONS ORDER (OPORD). 5 Paragraph OPORD 1.Situation 2.Mission 3.Execution 4.Service Support 5.Command and Signal."— Presentation transcript:

1 OPERATIONS ORDER (OPORD)

2 5 Paragraph OPORD 1.Situation 2.Mission 3.Execution 4.Service Support 5.Command and Signal

3 Baseline Data 1)Operations Order # / Code Name if Used 2)References (maps, previous orders, FRAGOs, etc) FRAGOs, etc) 3) Time Zone Used Throughout Order 4) Task Organization

4 Task Organization -Explains how the unit is organized for the operation -Done by phase

5 Paragraph 1: Situation 1.Situation - Provides information essential to subordinate leaders understanding of the mission a. Enemy Forces b. Friendly Forces c. Attachments / Detachments

6 a.Enemy Forces – include pertinent intel / data (1) Weather & Light Data (2) Terrain (AOKOC) (3) Enemy composition, disposition, & strength (4) Enemy Capabilities (5) Enemy Intentions Paragraph 1: Situation

7 Enemy Forces: Weather a.Enemy Forces (1) Weather & Light Data - advantages / disadvantages to friendly & enemy, impact on mission (a) Precipitation (a) Precipitation (b) Temperature (b) Temperature (c) Other Weather Conditions (wind, dust, fog) (c) Other Weather Conditions (wind, dust, fog) (d) Light Data (d) Light Data BMNT:__________Sunrise:_________ BMNT:__________Sunrise:_________ Sunset:_________EENT:___________ Sunset:_________EENT:___________ Moonrise:_______Moonset:________ Moonrise:_______Moonset:________ Percent Illum:___________ Percent Illum:___________

8 Enemy Forces: Terrain a.Enemy Forces (2) Terrain – define area of operations & area of interest, advantages / disadvantages to friendly & enemy, impact on mission A - Avenues of approach O - Observation and fields of fire K - Key terrain O - Obstacles C - Cover and concealment

9 Enemy Forces: Composition, Disposition, & Strength a.Enemy Forces (3) Enemy Composition, Disposition, & Strength - important characteristics and significance, advantages / disadvantages to friendly & enemy, impact on mission - type of enemy unit, how its equipped, designation, location, size, and strength designation, location, size, and strength - current (pertinent) enemy activities - distinguish known and templated enemy locations locations

10 Enemy Forces: Capabilities a.Enemy Forces (4) Enemy Capabilities – combat capability - range and orientation of direct / indirect fires - counter-attack forces - reserves - NBC - mobility / countermobility - ability to reposition

11 Enemy Forces: Intensions a.Enemy Forces (5) Enemy Intentions - the most probable and most dangerous course of action course of action - how the enemy will react to attack / defense - critical enemy events

12 Friendly Forces b. Friendly Forces - higher unit missions (two levels up) - left unit and mission - right unit and mission - forward unit and mission - following / reserve unit and mission - units in support or higher supporting unit artillery support artillery support air support air support mortar support mortar support

13 Attachments / Detachments c. Attachments & Detachments (1) Attachments – who, why, when, where, support requirements (2) Detachments – who, why, when, where, support requirements

14 Paragraph 2: Mission 2.Mission - Who, what, where, when, why - Concise statement of task(s) & purpose - Derived from mission analysis - Always stated TWICE in full

15 Paragraph 3: Execution 3. Execution Commanders Intent - Stated vision that defines purpose and end state - Provides clarity to overall operation & informs subordinates which aspects are most important - should be used only to expand on purpose of operation in more detail than para 2 permits

16 Paragraph 3: Execution 3. Execution a. Concept of Operation - Describes in general terms how the unit (and others assisting in the op) will accomplish the mission from start to finish - IDs phases of operation (if any) Common Phases Common Phases - Assembly area (AA), prep, passage of lines - Assembly area (AA), prep, passage of lines - Move to Objective Rally Point (ORP) - Move to Objective Rally Point (ORP) - Actions on objective - Actions on objective - Consolidation and reorganization - Consolidation and reorganization

17 Paragraph 3: Execution 3. Execution a. Concept of Operation - Identifies most important (mission essential) tasks - Identify main effort - ID decisive point, form of maneuver / defense, & other significant factors

18 Paragraph 3: Execution 3. Execution b. Tasks to Maneuver Units - Address all subordinate units & attachments by name giving each its mission in the form of task and purpose - Can be tasked to provide any of the following special teams / missions: - recon & security (R&S) - assault - aid & litter (A&L)- support - demo / breach, - EPW - demo / breach, - EPW - pace & compass (P&C), - security (far & near)

19 Paragraph 3: Execution 3. Execution b. Tasks to Maneuver Units (cont) - Designate primary & alternate for special teams / missions - All other tasks must relate to main effort - Designate On Order (O/O) and Be Prepared (B/P) missions

20 Paragraph 3: Execution 3. Execution c. Tasks to Combat Support Units - Same as paragraph 3.b. accept it addresses units such as mortars, artillery, engineers, ADA that are attached or OPCON to you

21 Paragraph 3: Execution 3. Execution d. Coordinating Instructions - Details coordination and control applicable to two or more subordinate units (1) Order of movement, formation, & movement techniques (2) Routes (primary & alternate) – detail checkpoints, withdrawal routes, & danger areas (3) Departure and re-entry of friendly lines

22 Paragraph 3: Execution 3. Execution d. Coordinating Instructions (4) Actions at halt (5) Actions at danger areas (linear, small open areas, large open areas) (6) Actions on contact - Direct (sniper, ambush, air) - Indirect (artillery, mortar) - Obstacles (wire, mines) - Electronic (jamming) - Visual

23 Paragraph 3: Execution 3. Execution d. Coordinating Instructions (7) Rally points and actions at rally points (IRP, ORP, PB, RRP, & other planned RPs) (8) Reorganization & consolidation instructions (9) Fire distribution (area vs direct) & control measures (TRPs, visual /sound signals)

24 Paragraph 3: Execution 3. Execution d. Coordinating Instructions (10) Engagement / disengagement criteria (11) MOPP level (12) ADA warning (red, yellow, white) & weapons control status (free, tight, hold) (13) Timeline (rehearsals, back brief, inspections, movement) (14) Priority intelligence requirements (PIR)

25 Paragraph 3: Execution 3. Execution d. Coordinating Instructions (15) Rules of engagement (ROE) (16) Reporting requirements (17) Compass / pace checks (18) Priorities of work (19) Sleep plan (20) Environmental considerations (21) Safety considerations

26 Paragraph 4: Service Support 4.Service Support - describes the critical logistical information required to sustain the unit during the operation a. General b. Material and Services c. Personnel d. Miscellaneous

27 Paragraph 4: Service Support 4.Service Support a. General - SOPs in effect for sustained ops - Current and proposed trains, resupply and cache points locations and times - Casualty and damaged equipment collection points - Location of decontamination points

28 Paragraph 4: Service Support 4.Service Support b. Material and Services (1) Supply – information on the classes of supply of interest to the platoon - Class I: Subsistence items (food); describes ration cycle and days of supply basic load - Class II: Clothing, individual equ, tools, and tentage; describes resupply

29 Paragraph 4: Service Support 4.Service Support b. Material and Services (1) Supply - Class III: Petroleum, oils, and lubricants (POL); details top off times and locations - Class IV: Construction materials; location of barrier materials

30 Paragraph 4: Service Support 4.Service Support b. Material and Services (1) Supply - Class V: Ammunition and explosives; location and basic load - Class VI: Personal demand items (alcohol); usually not included - Class VII: Major end items (tanks, planes, weapons, etc); resupply specifics

31 Paragraph 4: Service Support 4.Service Support b. Material and Services (1) Supply - Class VIII: Medical supplies - Class IX: Repair parts - Class X: Materials to support non- military programs (agriculture and economic development

32 Paragraph 4: Service Support 4.Service Support b. Material and Services (2) Transportation – list constraints / limitations, operating hours, distribution methods and the manner in which supplies are managed, handled, and distributed (3) Services - laundry, showers (4) Maintenance – Non SOP info on maint of weapons and equ

33 Paragraph 4: Service Support 4.Service Support b. Material and Services (5) Medical Evacuation – procedures for evacuation of wounded or dead if different from SOP c. Personnel – ID EPW collection points and handling instruction not covered by SOP

34 Paragraph 4: Service Support 4.Service Support c. Personnel - ID EPW collection points and handling instruction not covered by SOP - Mail - Religious Services - Graves Registration d. Miscellaneous – destruction of supplies

35 Paragraph 5: Command and Signal 5. Command and Signal a. Command (1) Location of higher unit commander and CP (2) Location of platoon / unit leader and CP (3) Location of 2 nd in command and unit CP (4) Succession of command

36 Paragraph 5: Command and Signal 5. Command and Signal b. Signal (1) SOI index in effect (2) Listening silence (if applicable) (3) Visual or audio signals (4) Methods of commo priority (5) Emergency signals and code words

37 5 Paragraph OPORD Summary 1.Situation 2.Mission 3.Execution 4.Service Support 5.Command and Signal

38 Questions & Comments


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