Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

MSL 301, Lesson 5a : Application of Troop Leading Procedures Application of the Troop Leading Procedures.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "MSL 301, Lesson 5a : Application of Troop Leading Procedures Application of the Troop Leading Procedures."— Presentation transcript:

1 MSL 301, Lesson 5a : Application of Troop Leading Procedures Application of the Troop Leading Procedures

2 MSL 301, Lesson 5a : Application of Troop Leading Procedures Rev. 21 Aug 2007Slide 2 of 20 Tools of the Tactician TLP STEPS 1.Receive the Mission 2.Issue a Warning Order 3.Make a Tentative Plan 4.Initiate Movement 5.Conduct Reconnaissance 6.Complete the Plan 7.Issue the Order 8.Supervise and Assess METT-TC Mission Enemy Terrain Troops Time Civilian METT-TC Mission Enemy Terrain Troops Time Civilian OAKOC Observation and Fields of Fire Avenues of Approach Key and Decisive Terrain Obstacles Cover and Concealment Reconnaissance is conducted based on the tentative plan. Information discovered during recon is plugged back in to the estimate of the situation. It can cause a change of plan or even a change of mission.

3 MSL 301, Lesson 5a : Application of Troop Leading Procedures Rev. 21 Aug 2007Slide 3 of 20 Troop Leading Procedures 8 Steps 1.Receive the Mission 2.Issue a Warning Order 3.Make a Tentative Plan 4.Initiate Movement 5.Conduct Reconnaissance 6.Complete the Plan 7.Issue the Order 8.Supervise and Assess

4 MSL 301, Lesson 5a : Application of Troop Leading Procedures Rev. 21 Aug 2007Slide 4 of 20 Step 1: Receive the Mission Receive a mission alert in the form of a Combat Order Warning Order (WARNO) Operations Order (OPORD) Fragmentary Order (FRAGO) The leader immediately begins a mission analysis using the factors of METT-TC and the Military Decision Making Process Conduct an initial time management analysis using One-third: Two-thirds Rule Backward Planning Process Troop Leading Procedures 1.Receive the Mission 2.Issue a Warning order 3.Make a Tentative Plan 4.Initiate Movement 5.Conduct Reconnaissance 6.Complete the Plan 7.Issue the Order 8.Supervise and Assess

5 MSL 301, Lesson 5a : Application of Troop Leading Procedures Rev. 21 Aug 2007Slide 5 of 20 Step 1: Receive the Mission METTTCMETTTC METTTCMETTTC IME AVAILABLE ERRAIN AND WEATHER ROOPS AND SUPPORT AVAILABLE ISSION NEMY IVILIAN CONSIDERATIONS Analysis of the Mission Tasks - Specified, Implied, Essential Constraints / Limitations Write Restated Mission Guides the leader through the decision making process

6 MSL 301, Lesson 5a : Application of Troop Leading Procedures Rev. 21 Aug 2007Slide 6 of 20 Mission Analysis Step 1: Receive the Mission

7 MSL 301, Lesson 5a : Application of Troop Leading Procedures Rev. 21 Aug 2007Slide 7 of 20 1/3 - 2/3 Rule Backward Planning Process Step 1: Receive the Mission TIME ANALYSIS

8 MSL 301, Lesson 5a : Application of Troop Leading Procedures Rev. 21 Aug 2007Slide 8 of 20 Step 2: Issue a Warning Order Purpose Issue immediately after mission analysis Do not sacrifice time to gain more info OPORD Format At a minimum WARNO should include: Mission or nature of the operation Who is participating in the operation Time of operation Time and place for operations order Troop Leading Procedures 1.Receive the Mission 2.Issue a Warning order 3.Make a Tentative Plan 4.Initiate Movement 5.Conduct Reconnaissance 6.Complete the Plan 7.Issue the Order 8.Supervise and Assess

9 MSL 301, Lesson 5a : Application of Troop Leading Procedures Rev. 21 Aug 2007Slide 9 of 20 Step 2: Issue a Warning Order Situation Enemy Forces Friendly Forces Attachments and Detachments Mission Execution Concept of the Operation Maneuver Fires Tasks to Maneuver Units Tasks to Combat Support Units Coordinating Instructions Operations Order- A Basic Outline Service Support General Material and Services Supply Transportation Services Maintenance Medical Examinations Personnel Miscellaneous Command and Signal Command Signal

10 MSL 301, Lesson 5a : Application of Troop Leading Procedures Rev. 21 Aug 2007Slide 10 of 20 Step 3: Make a Tentative Plan METTTCMETTTC METTTCMETTTC IME AVAILABLE ERRAIN AND WEATHER ROOPS AND SUPPORT AVAILABLE ISSION NEMY IVILIAN CONSIDERATIONS Guides the leader through the decision making process OAKOC Observation and Fields of Fire Avenues of Approach Key and Decisive Terrain Obstacles Cover and Concealment

11 MSL 301, Lesson 5a : Application of Troop Leading Procedures Rev. 21 Aug 2007Slide 11 of 20 Step 4: Initiate Movement May occur at any point in the Troop Leading Process The steps do not have to be accomplished in order Can be conducted by subordinate leaders Includes movement to positions closer to LD, initial inspections, reconnaissance, battle drill rehearsals or SOP items If the reconnaissance reveals a change in the situation, the plan must be adjusted accordingly. Troop Leading Procedures 1.Receive the Mission 2.Issue a Warning order 3.Make a Tentative Plan 4.Initiate Movement 5.Conduct Reconnaissance 6.Complete the Plan 7.Issue the Order 8.Supervise and Assess

12 MSL 301, Lesson 5a : Application of Troop Leading Procedures Rev. 21 Aug 2007Slide 12 of 20 Step 5: Conduct Reconnaissance Reconnaissance is used to confirm terrain and/or enemy analysis and tactical options Situation and time available dictate the type and detail of reconnaissance Map, terrain model, aerial photo, ground Plan and conduct a leaders reconnaissance for every mission. Consider risk inherent in moving forward of friendly lines, or into unoccupied area. Troop Leading Procedures 1.Receive the Mission 2.Issue a Warning order 3.Make a Tentative Plan 4.Initiate Movement 5.Conduct Reconnaissance 6.Complete the Plan 7.Issue the Order 8.Supervise and Assess

13 MSL 301, Lesson 5a : Application of Troop Leading Procedures Rev. 21 Aug 2007Slide 13 of 20 Step 6: Complete the Plan Develop OPORD based on tentative plan, reconnaissance and additional guidance. Review plan to ensure that the Commanders mission and intent is satisfied. Consider whether reconnaissance and changes to current situation may change or alter tentative plan. Use five paragraph format and common tactical language from FM 3-21.8 (Chapter 5) and FM 5-0. Troop Leading Procedures 1.Receive the Mission 2.Issue a Warning order 3.Make a Tentative Plan 4.Initiate Movement 5.Conduct Reconnaissance 6.Complete the Plan 7.Issue the Order 8.Supervise and Assess

14 MSL 301, Lesson 5a : Application of Troop Leading Procedures Rev. 21 Aug 2007Slide 14 of 20 Step 7: Issue the Order Can be issued either orally or written Issue while observing the combat area if possible Supplements to OPORDs: Terrain models Sand Table Map boards/Overlays Sketches Fire Support Matrix All subordinates MUST understand the plan Use briefbacks Troop Leading Procedures 1.Receive the Mission 2.Issue a Warning order 3.Make a Tentative Plan 4.Initiate Movement 5.Conduct Reconnaissance 6.Complete the Plan 7.Issue the Order 8.Supervise and Assess

15 MSL 301, Lesson 5a : Application of Troop Leading Procedures Rev. 21 Aug 2007Slide 15 of 20 Step 8: Supervise and Assess Rehearsals Inspections Troop Leading Procedures 1.Receive the Mission 2.Issue a Warning order 3.Make a Tentative Plan 4.Initiate Movement 5.Conduct Reconnaissance 6.Complete the Plan 7.Issue the Order 8.Supervise and Assess

16 MSL 301, Lesson 5a : Application of Troop Leading Procedures Rev. 21 Aug 2007Slide 16 of 20 Step 8: Supervise and Assess Rehearsals: The leader uses rehearsals to: Practice essential tasks (improve performance). Reveal weaknesses or problems in the plan. Coordinate the actions of subordinate elements. Improve soldier understanding of the concept of the operation (foster confidence in soldiers). Inspections: Pre Combat Checks (PCCs): Soldier items Pre Combat Inspections (PCIs): Mission essential equipment Troop Leading Procedures 1.Receive the Mission 2.Issue a Warning order 3.Make a Tentative Plan 4.Initiate Movement 5.Conduct Reconnaissance 6.Complete the Plan 7.Issue the Order 8.Supervise and Assess

17 MSL 301, Lesson 5a : Application of Troop Leading Procedures Rev. 21 Aug 2007Slide 17 of 20 Must be habitual during training in order to effectively employ units tactically. Clarifies Commanders intent. Reinforces scheme of maneuver. Ensures understanding and instills confidence in participants. Provides feedback and exposes problems in the plan. Step 8: Supervise and Assess REHEARSALS:

18 MSL 301, Lesson 5a : Application of Troop Leading Procedures Rev. 21 Aug 2007Slide 18 of 20 Pre-Combat Inspections (PCIs) Weapons and ammo: test fire Uniforms and equipment Mission Essential Equipment Soldiers understanding of mission and their specific responsibilities Communications: radios, frequencies, batteries Rations and water Camouflage; personnel and equipment Step 8: Supervise and Assess INSPECTIONS:

19 MSL 301, Lesson 5a : Application of Troop Leading Procedures Rev. 21 Aug 2007Slide 19 of 20 Troop Leading Procedures The order of these steps doesnt change Steps 4-7 are interchangeable. Step 8 occurs throughout the process. 1. Receive the Mission 2. Issue a Warning Order 3. Make a Tentative Plan 4. Initiate Movement 5. Conduct Reconnaissance 6. Complete the Plan 7. Issue the Order 8. Supervise and Assess

20 MSL 301, Lesson 5a : Application of Troop Leading Procedures Rev. 21 Aug 2007Slide 20 of 20 Troop Leading Procedures Determine specified, implied, and essential tasks Manage available time Delegate during planning and preparation Analyze courses of action and make decisions Brief WARNORD, OPORD and FRAGO Conduct rehearsals and inspections CHALLENGES

21 MSL 301, Lesson 5a : Application of Troop Leading Procedures Rev. 21 Aug 2007Slide 21 of 20 Troop Leading Procedures PRACTICAL EXERCISE 1.Review the platoon order 2.Individually write a WARNO 3.Guided discussion Make a tentative plan (Step 3) Initiate movement (Step 4) Reconnoiter (Step 5) 4.Complete the Plan (Step 6) HOMEWORK 5.Guided discussion Issue complete order (Step 7) Supervise (Step 8)


Download ppt "MSL 301, Lesson 5a : Application of Troop Leading Procedures Application of the Troop Leading Procedures."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google