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MSL 301, Lesson 4c: Tactical Orders Rev. 22 Apr 2005 Slide 1 of 20 Tactical (Combat) Orders.

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Presentation on theme: "MSL 301, Lesson 4c: Tactical Orders Rev. 22 Apr 2005 Slide 1 of 20 Tactical (Combat) Orders."— Presentation transcript:

1 MSL 301, Lesson 4c: Tactical Orders Rev. 22 Apr 2005 Slide 1 of 20 Tactical (Combat) Orders

2 MSL 301, Lesson 4c: Tactical Orders Rev. 22 Apr 2005 Slide 2 of 20 Types of Orders Administrative Orders Combat Orders Warning Order (WARNO) Operations Order (OPORD) Fragmentary Order (FRAGO)

3 MSL 301, Lesson 4c: Tactical Orders Rev. 22 Apr 2005 Slide 3 of 20 Unit Hierarchy and Tactical Orders

4 MSL 301, Lesson 4c: Tactical Orders Rev. 22 Apr 2005 Slide 4 of 20 Characteristics of Tactical (Combat) Orders Good Combat Orders: Have Clarity (Use sketches, models or actual terrain) Are Complete and Brief Are Timely Allow Initiative by recognizing subordinates freedom of action within the commanders intent Use affirmative form and are authoritative Avoid Qualified Directives

5 MSL 301, Lesson 4c: Tactical Orders Rev. 22 Apr 2005 Slide 5 of 20 The Warning Order (WARNO) Preliminary Notice Heads up Facilitates Time Management Provides operational details Outlines key events for mission execution (focus on mission preparation) Detail dependent on: The information and time available from the issue of the order to mission execution The information subordinate commanders need for proper planning and preparation

6 MSL 301, Lesson 4c: Tactical Orders Rev. 22 Apr 2005 Slide 6 of 20 Warning Order (WARNO) Time: Provided ASAP after receipt of higher order Format: No specific format -- Use the five paragraphs of the operations order as a guide Use unit SOP/checklists (or develop them) Necessary information in a WARNO: The mission or nature of the operation Who is participating in the mission Time of the operation Tasks that unit must accomplish now (equipment, supplies, inspections and rehearsals) to prepare Time and place that to issue the operations order

7 MSL 301, Lesson 4c: Tactical Orders Rev. 22 Apr 2005 Slide 7 of 20 WARNO General Format Five-Paragraph Format Situation Mission Execution Time Schedule Tasks Service support Command and Signal Four-Paragraph Format Situation Mission General Instructions Special Instructions

8 MSL 301, Lesson 4c: Tactical Orders Rev. 22 Apr 2005 Slide 8 of 20 The Operations Order (OPORD) Directive issued to subordinate leaders, commanders, Information to effect execution of an operation Always specifies execution time and date Focus is on what to do, not how to do it Explains why the mission is important

9 MSL 301, Lesson 4c: Tactical Orders Rev. 22 Apr 2005 Slide 9 of 20 Operations Order- A Basic Outline (1 of 2) Situation Enemy Forces Friendly Forces Attachments and Detachments Mission Execution Concept of the Operation Maneuver Fires Tasks to Maneuver Units Tasks to Combat Support Units Coordinating Instructions

10 MSL 301, Lesson 4c: Tactical Orders Rev. 22 Apr 2005 Slide 10 of 20 Operations Order- A Basic Outline (2 of 2) Service Support General Material and Services Supply Transportation Services Maintenance Medical Evacuations Personnel Miscellaneous Command and Signal Command Signal

11 MSL 301, Lesson 4c: Tactical Orders Rev. 22 Apr 2005 Slide 11 of 20 Situation Enemy Forces Composition, disposition, strength, and capabilities Most probable/dangerous course of action Friendly Forces Mission and action of units two levels up, left/right, front/rear. Attachments and Detachments Units or individuals Effective time period.

12 MSL 301, Lesson 4c: Tactical Orders Rev. 22 Apr 2005 Slide 12 of 20 Mission States the mission in a clear concise statement of the task and purpose, containing the following information: Who What When Where Why

13 MSL 301, Lesson 4c: Tactical Orders Rev. 22 Apr 2005 Slide 13 of 20 Execution The How To Information needed to accomplish the mission. Usually in four parts: Concept of operation Tasks to maneuver units Tasks to combat support units Coordinating instructions

14 MSL 301, Lesson 4c: Tactical Orders Rev. 22 Apr 2005 Slide 14 of 20 Concept of the Operation Covers the commanders intent Covers the tactical plan Scheme of maneuver Integration

15 MSL 301, Lesson 4c: Tactical Orders Rev. 22 Apr 2005 Slide 15 of 20 Tasks to Maneuver/Combat Support Units Gives the exact mission of all subordinate units Coordinating Instruction The tactical instruction and details of coordination that apply to two or more units

16 MSL 301, Lesson 4c: Tactical Orders Rev. 22 Apr 2005 Slide 16 of 20 Service Support Support Concept Material and Services Supply Transportation Services Maintenance Medical Evacuation Personnel Miscellaneous

17 MSL 301, Lesson 4c: Tactical Orders Rev. 22 Apr 2005 Slide 17 of 20 Command and Signal Location of key leaders Chain of command Frequencies Call signs Code words

18 MSL 301, Lesson 4c: Tactical Orders Rev. 22 Apr 2005 Slide 18 of 20 FRAGO Address only parts of the OPORD that change – must be specific Uses the same sequence of the OPORD A brief outline of the changes and instructions

19 MSL 301, Lesson 4c: Tactical Orders Rev. 22 Apr 2005 Slide 19 of 20 Troop Leading Procedures and Tactical Orders Receive the mission Issue a warning orderWARNO Make a tentative plan Start necessary movement Reconnoiter Complete the planOPORD Issue the complete orderOPORD Brief SuperviseFRAGO

20 MSL 301, Lesson 4c: Tactical Orders Rev. 22 Apr 2005 Slide 20 of 20 Tactical Orders Practical Exercise Review the platoon order Individually write a WARNO Guided discussion Make a tentative plan (Step 3) Initiate movement (Step 4) Reconnoiter (Step 5) Complete the Plan (Step 6) Review for homework Guided discussion Issue complete order (Step 7) Supervise (Step 8)


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