Presentation on theme: "1 REFERENCES FM 7-8, Infantry Rifle Platoon & Squad."— Presentation transcript:
1 REFERENCES FM 7-8, Infantry Rifle Platoon & Squad
2 TERMINAL LEARNING OBJECTIVE ACTION: Conduct an Ambush CONDITION: Given instruction in a field environment at Skytop with rubber ducks, LBE, and slide handouts STANDARD: Demonstrate a basic knowledge of ambush operations by conduction a mock ambush onsite
3 AMBUSH A surprise attack from concealed position on a moving or temporarily halted target.
4 CHARACTERISTICS OF THE AMBUSH Surprise Violence of Action Predetermined Kill Zone Coordinated Assault Planned Withdrawal
5 PHASES OF THE AMBUSH Leader’s Recon Occupation (NLT Time in OPORD) Execution Withdrawal Dissemination of Information
6 OPERATIONAL TERMS Kill Zone – a defined area on the ground in which fires will be concentrated to inflict maximum damage to the enemy in the shortest amount of time. Assault Element – seizes and secures the objective and protects the special teams as they complete their assigned actions on the objective (OBJ).
7 OPERATIONAL TERMS Security Element – the portion of the unit tasked with ensuring that no enemy enters or leaves the kill zone once the ambush is initiated. Also provides early warning to friendly elements. Support Element – the portion of the unit tasked with providing support by fire for the assault element.
8 OPERATIONAL TERMS Special Teams – sub-elements task organized to perform specific tasks during AOBJ EPW/Search Team – designated to search enemy bodies for PIR and collect and process enemy prisoners Demolition Team – designated to destroy enemy equipment not to be taken from the objective Aid/Litter Team – designated to provide first aid to casualties (both friendly and enemy) and assist the platoon medic in triage, treatment and movement of casualties
9 OPERATIONAL TERMS Objective Rally Point (ORP) – a halt out of sight, smell, sound and small arms range of the objective from which final preparations are made, reconnaissance of the objective is conducted and information is disseminated.
10 OPERATIONAL TERMS Release Point (RP) – location between the objective and the ORP from which surveillance of the OBJ can be maintained and at which subordinate elements (Assault, Security, Support) can be released from or to centralized control.
11 OPERATIONAL TERMS Limit of Advance (LOA) – a phase line used to control the forward progress of the attack. The assault element will not advance beyond the LOA, but may maintain security from that point. Casualty Collection Point (CCP) – a location on or near the objective to which casualties will be brought for treatment and preparation for evacuation
12 CLASSIFICATIONS Category –Hasty or Deliberate Type –Point or Area Formation –Linear or L-Shaped
13 CATEGORIES OF AMBUSHES Hasty Deliberate
14 HASTY AMBUSH Surprise attack conducted when the unit makes visual contact with the enemy and has time to set up an ambush without being detected.
15 SQUAD HASTY AMBUSH
16 DELIBERATE AMBUSH Surprise attack conducted against a specific target at a predetermined location.
17 TYPES OF AMBUSHES POINT AMBUSH Unit deploys to attack the enemy in a single kill zone. AREA AMBUSH Unit deploys in two or more related POINT AMBUSHES.
18 Assault #1 Assault #2 Security Support POINT AMBUSH
19 AREA AMBUSH
20 AMBUSH FORMATIONS LINEAR L-SHAPED
21 AMBUSH FORMATIONS LINEAR Assault and Support elements deploy parallel to the enemy’s route.
22 LINEAR AMBUSH
23 AMBUSH FORMATIONS L-SHAPED The Assault Element forms the long leg parallel to the enemy’s direction of movement. The Support Element forms the short leg at one end of and at right angles to the Assault Element.
24 L-SHAPED AMBUSH
25 PLANNING CONSIDERATIONS Covering the Entire Kill Zone by Fire Using Existing or Reinforcing Obstacles Protecting Assault and Support Elements (with mines, claymores or explosives) Using Security Elements to Isolate Kill Zone
26 PLANNING CONSIDERATIONS Assaulting into Kill Zone Timing of All Elements to Maintain Surprise Rotation of Squads into a Squad Ambush (for ambushes that must be maintained for a long time)
27 AMBUSH TECHNIQUE Leader’s Recon (Phase 1) –Purpose is to PINPOINT the objective –PL, Assault Squad Leaders, Weapon’s Squad Leader, Release Point Personnel, Security Detachment, Forward Observer –Move to RP Establish Surveillance –Move close enough to OBJ (when possible, move to actual positions) to identify the following: Kill Zone (Define L/R Limits and LOA) Support Positions (Key Weapon Locations) Security Positions
28 AMBUSH TECHNIQUE Occupation (Phase 2) –Move to RP in Order of Occupation –Emplace Security –Emplace Key Weapons (Support) –Emplace Assault (Assign Sectors of Fire) –Emplace Mines and Obstacles –Aiming Stakes, Camouflage Positions –Wait, Remain Alert, Observe Strict NLM Discipline
29 AMBUSH TECHNIQUE Execution (Phase 3) –Initiate ON ORDER with the MOST CASUALTY PRODUCING WEAPON –Team Leaders Control Rate and Distribution of Fires –Soldiers Fire to Kill All Enemy in Sector –Leaders Maintain Fires Until ALL Movement and Noise Cease / Call CEASE FIRE
30 AMBUSH TECHNIQUE Execution (Phase 3) continued –Assault Elements Enter Kill Zone in Pre- Determined Order, On Order –Assault Elements Advance to LOA / Announce “LOA” –PL Deploys Special Teams
31 AMBUSH TECHNIQUE Withdrawal (Phase 4) –After Special Teams Complete Assigned Tasks –Withdraw in Reverse Order of Occupation Assault 1 (by Fire Team) Assault 2 (by Fire Team) Support Security –ALL PERSONNEL WITHDRAW THRU THE RELEASE POINT
32 AREA AMBUSH
33 AREA AMBUSH Conducted with Multiple Point Ambushes Each Point Ambush Follows the Same Principles and Techniques Previously Described
34 KEY CONSIDERATIONS Command, Control, and Communication Designation of Main and Supporting Efforts (Weigh Accordingly) Terrain –OCOKA –Centralized ORP and Release Point –Centralized Casualty Collection Point Coordination Between Ambushes Disengagement Criteria for Supporting Efforts