2 Lesson ObjectivesDescribe the five point contingency plan used during a reconnaissance missionDescribe the three types of reconnaissanceDescribe the various techniques and methods used during reconnaissancePlan a reconnaissance patrol
3 Reconnaissance Operations Defined: Reconnaissance operations are undertaken to obtain (by visual observation or other detection methods) information about the activities and resources of an enemy or potential enemy. They are designed to secure data concerning the meteorological, hydrographical, or geographical characteristics and the indigenous population of a particular area (FM 1-02).REF: FM , Chapter 1, Section 1-225, Page 1-42 (Mar 07)Reconnaissance is conducted to provide the commander with information that has tactical value concerning the enemy, terrain, weather, and civil considerations within an AO.FM , Reconnaissance and Scout Platoon, Chapter 3, page 3-1 Introduction.(3 August 2009)Define Recon:
4 Fundamentals of Reconnaissance Ensure continuous reconnaissance.Do not keep reconnaissance assets in reserve.Orient on the reconnaissance objective.Report all information rapidly and accurately.Retain freedom of maneuver.Gain and maintain threat contact.Develop the situation rapidly.
5 Common Reconnaissance Terms PIR-Priority Information RequirementsIR- Information Requirements- Terrain, Enemy, CivilCCIR- Commander’s Critical Information RequirementsORP- Objective Rally PointOP- Observation Post
6 Types of Reconnaissance AreaZoneRoute*Reconnaissance in Force* NOTE: Although the FM The Infantry Rifle Platoon and Squad, lists a fourth type of reconnaissance,Reconnaissance in Force, Cadets will concentrate on the three listed above (area, zone, and route)
7 Area Recon“Area reconnaissance is a directed effort to obtain detailed information concerning the terrain or enemy activity within a prescribed area”Common StepsEstablish and secure ORPEmploy Security and Surveillance Teams to observe objective/observation planDeploy Recon Team(s)Reassembling Teams at ORPDisseminate information to all team membersReportingReturn to friendly lines4
8 Area Recon (2) Cloverleaf method: Starting from 6 o’clock position 12Cloverleaf method: Starting from 6 o’clock positionTeam A moves clockwise 6-12 o’clockTeam B moves counter-clockwise 6-12Both teams meet at 12 distribute PIR/IRThen continues clock directionMeet at 6, distribute PIR/IR return to ORPTeam BTeam ATeam BTeam A616
10 Zone ReconnaissanceConducted to obtain information on all the enemy, terrain, and routes within a specific zone defined by set boundariesThree MethodsMoving ElementsFanBoxConverging routesSuccessive sectorStationary TeamsMultiple Area Recon
13 Zone Recon- Moving Elements- Converging Routes Method 23
14 Zone Recon- Moving Elements- Successive Sector Method 24
15 Route ReconnaissanceA route reconnaissance is conducted to obtain detailed information on one route, a route recon provides:Detailed information about trafficability on the route and all adjacent terrainDetailed information about an enemy activity or enemy force moving along a routeSites for emplacing hasty obstacles to slow enemy movementObstacles, CBRN contamination, and so forth
16 Route Recon Considerations Preferred method is fan; intersecting routes must be reconnoitered for a distance greater than enemy direct fire weaponsConditions likely to affect friendly movement:Presence of the enemy.Terrain information.Location and condition of bypasses, fords, and obstacles.Choke points.Route and bridge conditions.Platoon should use a different return route.Roads should be treated as a danger area.Patrol report submitted in overlay format.