2 TROOP LEADING PROCEDURES (TLPs) The process a leader goes through to prepare the unit to accomplish a mission.Begins when the leader is alertedMay be accomplished concurrentlyHow to think vs. what to think
3 TLP STEPS RECEIVE THE MISSION ISSUE THE WARNING ORDER MAKE A TENTATIVE PLANSTART NECESSARY MOVEMENTRECONNOITERCOMPLETE PLANISSUE THE COMPLETE PLANSUPERVISE
4 RECEIVE THE MISSION Analyze mission using METT-TC What is the MISSION What is known about the ENEMYWhat is the impact of TERRAIN and weatherWhat TROOPS are availableHow much TIME is availableWhat are the CIVILIAN considerations
5 1/3- 2/3 RULELeader uses no more than 1/3 of available time for planning and issuing OPORD.Subordinates get 2/3 of available time to plan and prepare for operation.Offense- receipt of mission to LDDefense- receipt of mission to must be prepared to defend timeUse backwards planning to schedule preparation time.
6 ISSUE WARNING ORDERGIVEN AS SOON AS POSSIBLE AFTER RECEIVING THE MISSIONNo specific format, never wait to fill a formatLeader provides updates as necessaryThings to cover if availableWho is participating in the operationTime of the operation LD or defend timeTime and place for issuance of OPORD
7 MAKE A TENTATIVE PLANDevelop an estimate of the situation to use as the basis for the tentative plan.Use the five step decision making processUse METT-T as the basis of the estimateUpdate the plan as information becomes available
8 DECISION MAKING PROCESS Detailed mission analysisSituation analysisCourse of action developmentAnalysis each course of actionCompare of each course of action & make a decision
9 MAKE A TENTATIVE PLANMission-Analyze CO’s intent two levels higher & determine essential tasksEnemy- Consider type, size, tactics, organization, & equipment to identify greatest threat and vulnerabilityTerrain- Estimate effects of terrain and weather on forcesUse key word OCOKA as guidelineWeather’s impact on visibility and trafficabilityTroops- Consider strength of squads, weapon systems, and attached elements when assigning tasksTime- Refine time allocation based on tentative plan and changes to situation
10 OCOKA Evaluating Terrain and Weather Observation & Fields of FireDetection of enemyFields of fire based on weapons systemsCover and ConcealmentProtect against direct & indirect fireAvoid detection by aerial & ground observationObstaclesImpact on ability to maneuver (friendly and enemy)Key TerrainSeizure or retention affords a marked advantageAvenues of a ApproachOffense: gives most protection to enemy’s vulnerabilityDefense: positioning of key weapon systems
11 START NECESSARY MOVEMENT* Unit could start movement at any time during the Troop Leading Procedures. Unit may have to move under the control of the Platoon Sergeant or a Squad Leader if other leaders are on a recon.
12 At a minimum, the leader must make a map reconnaissance RECONNOITERIf situation permits, leader makes a personal recon to verify terrain analysis, adjust the plan, and confirm information.At a minimum, the leader must make a map reconnaissance
13 COMPLETE THE PLANLeader completes the plan based on reconnaissance & any changes to the situation. Once complete review the plan to ensure it is within the commander’s intent.
14 ISSUE COMPLETE ORDERIf possible issue the order at a place that overlooks the objective or on the defensive terrain.*If unable to overlook objective a terrain model or sketch should be used.Leader must insure that all soldiers understand the mission*Use brief backs and quiz junior troops
15 5 Paragraph Operations Order Situation:EnemyFriendlyMission: 5 W's - (Who, What, Where, When, Why)ExecutionService and SupportCommand and Signal
16 SUPERVISE Supervise by conducting rehearsals and inspections. Rehearsals improve performance, reveal problems with plan, coordinate actions, and improve understanding (Must rehearse actions on the objective)Squad Leaders conduct initial inspections, Platoon Sergeant spot checks, and Platoon Leader & Platoon Sergeant conduct the final inspection
17 TLP STEPS RECEIVE THE MISSION ISSUE THE WARNING ORDER MAKE A TENTATIVE PLANSTART NECESSARY MOVEMENTRECONNOITERCOMPLETE PLANISSUE THE COMPLETE PLANSUPERVISE