2TERMINAL LEARNING OBJECTIVES ACTION:Identify the requirements for implementing a Safety and Health Program for operation at ahazardous waste site.CONDITION:In a classroom environment.STANDARDS:Students will be familiarized with the requirements and other information by responding to oral questions. Eighty-percent (80%) of all responses must be correct.
3ENABLING LEARNING OBJECTIVES Identify the components of a Safety and Health Program.Identify the components of a Site Specific Safety and Health Plan.Identify the components of an Emergency Response Plan.Utilize a Site Safety Plan.
4RequirementsHealth and safety program, site specific safety plan, and on-site emergency plan.Is required under 29 CFR for both hazardous waste site operations and emergency response.“Employers shall develop and implement a written safety and health program for their employees involved in hazardous waste operations.”
5RequirementsThe program is designed to develop and implement a system that identifies, evaluates, and controls the safety and health hazards.
6Health and Safety Program -Components- Define Organizational StructureComprehensive WorkplanA Site-Specific Safety and Health PlanSafety and Health Training ProgramMedical SurveillanceEmployer’s SOPsDocument Interface
7Define Organizational Structure The organizational structure must be defined. This includes:Identification of a General Supervisor who has the authority to direct all hazardous waste operationsIdentification of the individual responsible for safety and health (Site Safety Officer)
8Define Organizational Structure Identification of the other personnel who are needed for the project, their general functions and responsibilitiesDocumentation of lines of authority, responsibility, and communications
9Comprehensive Workplan A comprehensive workplan must be developed which describes the anticipated activities which will be required. The following steps are necessary for the development of the work plan.Review the available information regarding site characterization
10Comprehensive Workplan Define work objectivesDetermine the methods necessary to accomplish the identified objectivesDetermine personnel and resource requirementsProvide for implementation of the required training, informational programs and medical surveillance for personnel. Evaluate these areas against the tasks that must be performed.
11Site-Specific Safety & Health Plan The site-specific safety and health plan establishes policies and procedures to protect workers and the public from the potential hazards posed by the site
12Components of a Site Specific Health and Safety Plan Hazard and risk analysis for each task and operation found in work planEmployee training assignments to assure compliance with 29 CFR (e).Formal training based on job requirementsSupervised field experience.
13Components of a Site Specific Health and Safety Plan Personal protective equipment (PPE) used by employees for each site task and operations conductedVaries from task to task and includes entry and decontamination personnelMedical surveillance requirements as defined by 29 CFR (f).
14Components of a Site Specific Health and Safety Plan Frequency and types of air monitoring, personnel monitoring, environmental sampling techniques, instrumentation required, methods of maintenance and calibration of instruments.
15Components of a Site Specific Health and Safety Plan Site control measures including mapping site, establishing work zones, use of the “buddy system”, a communications plan, standard operating procedures for safe work practices, and an emergency medical plan.
16Components of a Site Specific Health and Safety Plan Decontamination procedures must be defined and documented prior to the initiation of site operations.Emergency response plan must be documented including the personal protective and other equipment required.
17Components of a Site Specific Health and Safety Plan Confined space entry procedures must be documented.A spill containment program documenting response procedures for on-site spills must be in place.
18Check On LearningWhat Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) governs the Health and Safety Program, Site Safety Plan and On-Site Emergency Plan?What are the components of a Site Specific Safety Program?The Health and Safety Program is designed to do what?
19Elements of an Emergency Response Plan One key element of the site safety plan is the actions to be taken in the event of an emergency.
20Elements of an Emergency Response Plan Pre-Emergency PlanningLines of Authority and CommunicationEmergency Recognition and PreventionSafe Distances and Places of RefugeSite Security and ControlEvacuation Routes and Procedures
21Elements of an Emergency Response Plan DecontaminationEmergency Medical Treatment and First AidEmergency Alerting and ResponseNecessary Emergency EquipmentCritique of Response
22Pre-Emergency Planning This is an essential element of the site safety plan. It is possible that emergency incidents may occur that are beyond the capability of the personnel working on the site to deal with. This necessitates the identification of, and coordination with emergency response forces.
23Lines of Authority and Communication Personnel roles, lines of authority and communication must be defined in writing prior to an emergency.Hazardous materials response teamFire brigade.PoliceOther state or federal agencies as needed
24Emergency Recognition and Prevention Before daily work assignments, the following information should be reviewed with all personnel:The tasks to be performed.Any time constraints.Specific hazards that may be encountered, including their effects, how to recognize symptoms, and other danger signals.
25Safe Distances and Places of Refuge Must be defined. These distances will vary with the substances involved and the nature of the emergency.
26Site Security and Control Site security and control is a critical concern in the event of an emergency. Methods for controlling access to the cold zone and hot zone must be identified.
27Check on Learning What are the Emergency Response Plan elements? During hazardous operations the organization structure includes the following personnel?Before daily work assignments, what information should be reviewed with all personnel?
28Evacuation Routes and Procedures These are as important at a hazardous waste site as they are in a building in the event of a fire.Consider the following guidelines in the establishment of evacuation routes.
29Evacuation Routes and Procedures Place evacuation routes upwind and through the decon corridor.Consider the accessibility of evacuation routes. Avoid obstructions and obstacles.Develop multiple routes & Mark routes distinctively.Mark routes as safe or not safe on a daily basis.Consider the mobility limitations of personnel in PPE.Make escape routes known to all personnel on site.
30Decontamination Procedures Decontamination procedures which are not covered by the site safety and health plan must be defined.
31Emergency Medical Treatment and First Aid This must be documented and includes:Who will be responsible for initial on-site care and treatment of injured personnel.The location of the nearest hospital and emergency medical services provider and method for accessing the emergency medical services system.
32Emergency Alerting and Response This must be defined and documented. How will personnel be notified of an on-site emergency and what are their duties.It is useful to have a defined audible signal for emergencies and have personnel respond to a specified location when the alarm is sounded.
33Necessary Emergency Equipment Identify what equipment will be necessary in the event of an emergency.- PPE- Medical Supplies- Vehicles etc….
34Critique of ResponseCritique of response and follow-up is a critical component of the emergency response plan. If you have responded to an emergency, identify what worked well and what needs improvement (and then change the plan).
35Site Safety Plan Site Description Entry Objectives Organization On-site ControlPersonal Protective Clothing (PPE)
36Site Safety Plan On-site Work Plans. Decontamination Process. Communications Procedures.Emergency Procedures.Site Safety and Health Plan.Medical Monitoring.
37References Used29 CFR “Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response”
38Site-Specific Safety & Health Plan PRACTICALEXERCISE
39SUMMARY 1. Identify the requirement for : a. Safety and Health Program.b. Site Specific Safety and Health Plan.c. Emergency Response Plan.2. Identify the components of