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THE INDUSTRIAL MIDDLE CLASS IR creates new middle class group BOURGEOISIE = the middle class = people involved in commerce, industry, banking, and professionals.

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Presentation on theme: "THE INDUSTRIAL MIDDLE CLASS IR creates new middle class group BOURGEOISIE = the middle class = people involved in commerce, industry, banking, and professionals."— Presentation transcript:

1 THE INDUSTRIAL MIDDLE CLASS IR creates new middle class group BOURGEOISIE = the middle class = people involved in commerce, industry, banking, and professionals New industrial businesses = intense competition/frequent bankruptcy Indust. Entrepreneurs = very resourceful/came from diverse backgrounds By 1850: 1. dev. of a new business aristocracy 2. mass fortunes, passed down to children 3. begin to acquire social respectability and political power

2 WORKERS IN THE INDUSTRIAL AGE Largest group of urban workers in 1 st half of 19 th century = artisans/craftspeople 1.shoemakers, glove makers, book binders, printers, bricklayers 2.Did not work in factories 3.Top of the working class social scale 4.Tended to support movements against industrialization *another large group in the working class was servants 1.Often women 2.No skills

3 WORKING CONDITIONS FOR THE INDUSTRIAL WORKING CLASS 1.Long hours = hr. days/6 days per wk. 2.No job security 3.No minimum wage 4.Dangerous workplace environment – hot, cold, dirty, unhealthy 5.Children and women worked in factories and mines

4 WHY WERE CHILDREN USED AS A SOURCE OF LABOR? 1. low pay 2. small and could more easily move around large industrial equipment 3. more easily trained and molded to do factory work

5 WOMEN IN FACTORY WORK 1. large and important part of the work force 2. paid less than men 3. did not cause a major change in female working patterns -> women still mostly did womens work *entire families = men, women, children worked together in the early factories


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