Presentation on theme: "Industrial Revolution (I.R.)"— Presentation transcript:
1 Industrial Revolution (I.R.) Social Impact of the Industrial RevolutionChapter 5, Section 3
2 Please watch these 2 videos about the living and working conditions in the Industrial Revolution
3 Introduction I.R made factory owners rich Poverty and harsh working/living conditionsDangerous factory working conditionsUnsafe and unsanitary housingOvercrowded citiesUn-
4 Urbanization Rapid movement to cities Changes in farming, population growth and demand for workers fueled urbanizationSmall town grew into large factory cities
5 Population of Manchester 17,000 people in 1750s40,000 people by 178070,000 people by 1801Polluted airNoisy steam enginesFilthy stench of river
6 New Social Classes Emerge New middle classMiddle class owned/operated factories, mines, railroadsMuch better lifestyle than working classFormer farmers became mine or factory workersHarsh working environment and terrible working conditions
7 Industrial Middle Class IR created new middle class from diverse backgroundsMiddle class included merchants, skilled artisans, and inventorsMiddle class lived comfortably (large homes, paved streets, supply of water)
8 Industrial Middle Class Middle class ate well and wore fancy clothingMiddle class prided their hard workWomen of middle class stayed at home to raise children
9 Industrial Working Class Lived in slumsCrowded housingNo running waterNo sewage or sanitationRotted, stinky, garbage thrown into streetsSewage dumped into riversDrinking water contaminatedSpread of disease
10 Polluted RiversDuring the Industrial Revolution, your drinking water came from the same polluted rivers. People also bathed in the contaminated water.
11 Filthy CitiesThere were no environmental laws that banned the belching smokestacks.
12 Unsuccessful Worker Protests Labor unions illegalSecret unions sought to increase pay and improve working conditionsWorkers had no political power to make changesInaction led to violenceTextile workers named Luddites rioted and smashed textile machines and burned factories
13 Life in Factories and Mines Harsh working conditionsLong hours (12-16 hours)Infrequent breaksTired workers suffered accidentsMachines lacked safety devicesMachines sucked in and cut off limbsLack of clean air in factories
14 Life in Factories and Mines Most workers were womenMen were easier to manageWomen adapted easier to machinesWomen paid half of what men earnedWomen worked many hours outside the homeAfter work, women cared for their children and families
15 Miners Worse conditions in mines Miners worked in darkness Inhaled coal dustSuper hot in the minesExposed to explosions, flooding, and collapsing tunnelsWomen and children carried loads of coals to the surface
16 Dangerous Jobs for Children Factories hired young children (as young as 5-7 yrs.)Children operated unsafe machineryChildren worked all day in dark, poorly ventilated minesWages of child labor kept families from starving
17 Children Reform Laws Reform laws called Factory Acts were passed Limited child’s workday to 12 hoursChildren under 8 or 9 removed from cotton millsLaws not always enforcedOther laws shortened workday for womenOther laws required child workers to be educated
18 Results of Industrialization Reform laws improved working conditionsLabor unions won right to bargain with employers for better wages, hours, and working conditions (positive)Working class men earned right to voteDemand for goods caused opening of new factories which created jobs (positive)Wages rose (positive)People had money left over for entertainment (positive)Travel costs fell (positive)
19 Powerpoint Questions1. How many people moved to Manchester between 1780 and 1801?2. Identify the three groups that formed the middle class. (3 points)3. If you were part of the industrial working class, what was thrown into the streets?4. What was dumped into the rivers?5. The working conditions in factories was ________.6. How much more did men earn over women?
20 Powerpoint Questions (18 points) 7. How did the Factory Acts change 1) the working hours and 2) the age of workers? (2 points)8. What did labor unions win? (3 points)9. Why did factory workers lose their limbs in the machines?10. What were miners exposed to while working in the mines? (3 points)