21.2 Totally UltimateDemonstrate knowledge of body structure and function in a physical activity (Ultimate)Students will participate in a ultimate Frisbee tournament and analyse anatomical and physiological concepts in relation to this5 Credits
3Lesson Structure Anatomy Body structure Skeletal System Joints Joint MovementMuscular SystemMuscle Movement
4Lesson Structure Physiology Energy Systems Exercise Systems Short Term/Long term effectsBody Types
11Skeletal System Made up of 206 Bones and 200-350 joints Act as a hard framework that gives shape and structure to the bodyProtects fragile organs such as brain and heart by surrounding with strong boneProvide muscles with places to attach to each boneCreates movement as a muscle that is attached to 2 bones at either end is activated, it can then pull the bones together.
16The Muscular System3 different types of muscles in the body, skeletal, smooth & cardiacMain type of muscle is skeletal muscle. These attach to the bones and act over joints. As contraction occurs they shorten and pull the bones together to produce movementMuscles are connected to bones by tendons. Muscles can enlarge or reduce in size depending on the amount of exercise or activity people do.
20Joints of the Body Ball and Socket Hinge Joint Pivot Joint Joints are the connection point between each bone in the body. Where two bones meet is known as a jointBall and SocketHinge JointPivot Joint
21Ball-and-Socket Joints Made up of round end (ball) and a depression on the other bone (socket)head of humerus into cavity of scapulahead of femur into cavity of hip boneMovement in all directions
28Decreasing the angle around a joint, between two body parts’ FlexionDecreasing the angle around a joint, between two body parts’Flexion LegReducing the angle between the gastrocnemius and the hamstrings. Bringing foot towards the bum.Flexion ArmReducing the angle between the Bicep and the Brachioradialis. Bringing forearm towards the bicep.
29Increasing the angle around a joint, between two body parts’ ExtensionIncreasing the angle around a joint, between two body parts’Extension LegIncreasing the angle between the gastrocnemius and the hamstrings. Bringing foot away from the bum.Extension ArmIncreasing the angle between the Tricep and the Brachioradialis. Bringing forearm away from the bicep.
30Abduction ‘Taking a limb away from the midline of the body’ Abduction LegTaking the leg out and away from the body’s core.Abduction ArmTaking the arm out and away from the body’s core.
31Adduction ‘Bringing a limb back towards the midline of the body’ Adduction LegBringing the leg back towards the body’s core.Adduction ArmBringing the arm back towards the body’s core.
32Plantar & Dorsi Flexion Plantar Flexion FootPointing the toes down so that the angle between the tibialis anterior and the metatarsals increases.Dorsi Flexion FootPointing the toes up so that the angle between the tibialis anterior and the metatarsals decreases.
33Rotation & Circumduction Rotation (forearm)the act of rotating, so the circular movement of the forearmCircumduction (arm/shoulder)Circular motion involving all movements. Distal end moves in a circular motion while the proximal end remains stable
34Pronation & Supanation Rotation of the hands and forearms so that the palms face downward e.g spilling your soupSupanationRotation of the hands and forearms so that the palms face upward e.g receiving money
35Muscles & Bones Actions Muscles cannot push, they can only pull. For this reason, they work in pairs – one muscle pulls by shortening its length (contraction), while its partner relaxes and lengthens. To return to the original position, the muscles reverse their roles. At the end of a movement the antagonist muscle slightly contracts to slow the movement down.
36Muscles & Bone actions Agonist/Prime Mover: Antagonist: The contracting muscle causing the movement over the jointAntagonist:The muscle that relaxes to allow movement to occur on the other side of the jointNote that the antagonist may also be an agonist in another exercise