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Los perfectos Perfect Tenses Any perfect tense is a compound tense. But what is a compound tense? Easy!! A compound word is 2 words put together like:

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Presentation on theme: "Los perfectos Perfect Tenses Any perfect tense is a compound tense. But what is a compound tense? Easy!! A compound word is 2 words put together like:"— Presentation transcript:

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2 Los perfectos

3 Perfect Tenses Any perfect tense is a compound tense. But what is a compound tense? Easy!! A compound word is 2 words put together like: home + work= homework play + ground= playground. A compound tense is 2 verbs used together to form 1 tense.

4 Past Participle All perfect tenses are made up of two parts: the helping verb haber and the past participle of the main verb: helping verb past participle helping verb past participle He has eaten. We have seen. They have left. You have finished. I have studied. She has fallen.

5 ¿Qué es el presente perfecto? The present perfect is formed by combining: The helping verb HABER (have or has) + the past participle

6 Past Participle All perfect tenses are made up of two parts: the helping verb and the past participle of the main verb: helping verb past participle helping verb past participle I have studied. We have seen You have finished. He has eaten. They have left. She has fallen. You all have helped.

7 This is how you form the past participle in Spanish: Drop the –ar and add –ado: hablarhabladonadarnadado pensarpensadoalmorzaralmorzado llegarllegadoestarestado Drop the –er or –ir and add –ido: comercomidopoderpodido aprenderaprendidoquererquerido asistirasistidovenirvenido

8 There are, of course, irregular past participles in Spanish as there are in English. callhave called jumphave jumped lookhave looked eathave eated????have eaten bringhave bringed????have brought

9 Rroto Eescrito Vvisto Vvuelto Mmuerto Aabierto Ccubierto Ppuesto Hhecho Ddicho Ddevuelto

10 Not exactly irregular but… -er and –ir verbs whose stems end in a vowel have past participles ending in –ído caer caídocreer creído leer leídooír oído reír reídotraer traído

11 Click here to go to a brief practice exercise.here

12 Para formar en español In Spanish we form the present perfect by combining the present tense of the verb haber (the helping verb, or el verbo auxiliar) with a past participle –For example: Yo he bailado. I have danced. Nosotros no hemos estudiado para el examen. We havent studied for the test.

13 The present tense of haber hehemos hashabéis hahan

14 Para formar… Here are the present perfect forms of estudiar: he estudiadohemos estudiado has estudiadohabéis estudiado ha estudiadohan estudiado

15 Now you try… he ________hemos _______ has ________habéis ________ ha ________han ________ On your notes, see if you can figure out the present perfect forms for the verb hablar:

16 he habladohemos hablado has habladohabéis hablado ha habladohan hablado Is this what you came up with?

17 Lets try another… Now see if you can form the present perfect forms of the verb tomar: __ ____________ _______ _____ ________ __ ___________ ________

18 Is this what you got? he tomadohemos tomado has tomadohabéis tomado ha tomadohan tomado

19 Lets try another one…see if you can come up with the present perfect tense of ir: __ ________ ___ ___ ______ ___ __ ______ ______

20 Is this what you came up with? he idohemos ido has idohabéis ido ha idohan ido

21 Many of you may have assumed that ir had an irregular past participle. Afterall, it does have an irregular present participle. But ir is actually regular in this form.

22 Click here to go to a brief practice exercise. here

23 Pluperfect (Past Perfect) (Pluscuamperfecto) The past perfect (also called the pluperfect and, in Spanish, the pluscuamperfecto), remember, is the past of the past and translates with had in English. ALL perfect tenses get a helping verb and a past participle: present perfecthe has eaten past perfect he had eaten future perfecthe will have eaten conditional perfecthe would have eaten

24 As you saw, the present perfect tense has a set of helping verbs that come from haber: hehemos hashabéis hahan The same is true of the past perfect. The helping verbs for the past perfect are the imperfect form of haber: había habladohabíamos hablado habías habladohabíais hablado había habladohabían hablado

25 Note that the endings on haber for the past perfect are the endings for the imperfect tense: había habíamos habías habíais había habían The present perfect is the PRESENT tense of haber + the past participle. The past perfect tense is the IMPERFECT (PAST) tense of haber + the past participle. Guess what the future perfect tense is composed of. But thats another lesson.

26 Click here to go to a brief practice exercise.here


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