2Past Participle in English What is a “Past Participle” in English?Usually it’s the form of the verb with “ed” attached to it preceded by “is” or “are”It is painted.They are tired.We are bored.There are many irregulars in English.It was eaten.She is seen.
3Past Participle in Spanish Many adjectives in Spanish are actually PAST PARTICIPLES of verbs.To form the past participle of a verb in Spanish, you add -ado to the stem of -ar verbs and -ido to the stem of most -er/-ir verbs.decorarconocerpreferirdecoradoconocidopreferido
4Past Participle in Spanish Remember you have just formed the “Past Participle”. Nothing else!Por ejemplo:Colorar = colorado = coloredIt’s an adjective. Not a sentence!
5Past Participle in Spanish Practicamos! Forma el participio pasado y traduce a ingles.1. cansar2. dormir3. sentar4. comer
6Present Participle? Is there a present participle? Yep! And you already know it!The gerundHablarHablandoBut what does it mean?TalkingHow do we use it in a sentence.Estoy hablando.
7So what do you think we are going to do to make our “Past Participles” into sentences? Use “Estar”!
8Estar + Past Participle The past participle is frequently used with estar to describe CONDITIONS that are the result of a previous action. In those cases, the past participle agrees with the subject in gender and number.El pintor está sentado.Las paredes estaban pintadas.
9Estar + Past Participle We can put “Estar” in any verb tense depending on when the condidition occurred.La fiesta está decorada.The party is decorated.La fiesta estaba decorada.The party was decorted.
10Estar + Past Participle Some verbs have irregular past participles.
12Practicamos. Cumple los espacios con el participio pasado correcto. 1. La mesa está ________ (cubrir) de papeles en la pintura.2. Mi paleta para la pinta está _____(romper).3. En las meninas hay una puerta que está ______ (abrir).