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The Present Perfect
In English we form the present perfect tense by combining have or has with the past participle of a verb: he has seen, have you tried?, they havent eaten.
The Present Perfect To form the past participle of a verb in Spanish, you add -ado to the stem of -ar verbs and -ido to the stem of most -er/-ir verbs.
The Present Perfect To form the present perfect tense, we combine this past participle with the present tense of the verb haber.
The Present Perfect We generally use the Spanish present perfect in the same way we use its English equivalent.
The Present Perfect I have rented You have rented He, She It has rented We have rented They have rented
The Present Perfect he alquilado has alquilado ha alquilado hemos alquilado habéis alquilado han alquilado
The Present Perfect I have chosen You have chosen He, She It has chosen We have chosen They have chosen
The Present Perfect he escogido has escogido ha escogido hemos escogido habéis escogido han escogido
The Present Perfect I have decided You have decided He, She It has decided We have decided They have decided
The Present Perfect he decidido has decidido ha decidido hemos decidido habéis decidido han decidido
The Present Perfect No he reparado la bicicleta todavía. I havent repaired the bicycle yet.
The Present Perfect ¿Qué trabajos has tenido? What jobs have you had?
The Present Perfect Notice that when the past participle is used with forms of haber, the final -o never changes. (because these are NOT adjectives!)
The Present Perfect Ricardo ha grabado su película favorita. Sus hermanos han grabado una telenovela.
The Present Perfect Certain verbs that have a double vowel in the infinitive form (except those with the double vowel ui ) require an accent mark on the i in the past participle.
The Present Perfect Caer Leer Oír Creer Traer Reír caído leído oído creído traído reído
The Present Perfect Notice that we place no and other negative words, object pronouns, and reflexive pronouns directly in front of the form of the verb haber.
The Present Perfect ¿Alberto te ha comprado el billete? Has Alberto bought you the ticket? Sí, me lo ha comprado. Yes, he has bought it for me.
The Present Perfect Some verbs have irregular past participles. Memorize this acronym: REVV MAC PHDD
Rroto Eescrito Vvisto Vvuelto Mmuerto Aabierto Ccubierto Ppuesto Hhecho Ddicho Ddevuelto Romper Escribir Ver Volver Morir Abrir Cubrir Poner Hacer Decir Devolver
Page 214 – Chapter 5 Realidades 3
The Present Perfect In English we form the present perfect tense by combining have or has with the past participle of a verb: he has seen, have you tried?,
The Present Perfect p. 331 Realidades 2.
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The Present Perfect. ♦ In English the present perfect tense combines have or has with the past participle of a verb: We have called our mother. Have you.
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Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved Both Spanish and English have past participles. The past participles of English verbs.
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